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Explore The Country of Elephants and The Mysterious Plain of Jars

Explore The Country of Elephants and The Mysterious Plain of Jars

Like Cambodia, Laos also belongs to Southeast Asia. Theravada Buddhism has been the official religion for hundreds of years. Buddhism traditions have been maintained constant and for a long term, so the spiritual values influence the material life of local people very strongly and deeply in this country.

Furthermore, the sacredness is expressed in thousands of ancient temple architecture where the Theravada Buddhism tradition is a mixed ethnic architecture from a hundreds of years ago. Those ancient architectures played an important role in human history as well as in the mystery of people. It’s the reason why the country has attracted a lot of tourists visiting each year to discover and enjoy the stunning temples.

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If you are preparing a trip to Southeast Asia to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand and begin in Vietnam, you can catch the flight to Laos from Noi Bai airport in the north of Vietnam and Tan Son Nhat airport in Ho Chi Minh City. If you want, you can book a Ho Chi Minh City tour to travel in Vietnam and catch the bus to Luang Prabang of Laos to save money and get more travel experience. You will spend 4 hours to transfer from Vietnam to Luang Prabang.

The Mysterious Plain of Jars

Located 30km from the Phone Sa Van village which is the administrative center of Xing province, the Plain of Jars is located on a wide plateau. However, due to the effect of landmines after the Indochina war, there is only a part of the plain revealed to visit and to research as well.

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Although the Plain of Jars was discovered over 1 century ago, how they come to be and what their use is, still remains a mystery to us. From the number of concentric circles which these jars are decorated with, scientists have suggested that they were stone jars with lids once, but most of those lips have mysteriously disappeared. Therefore, there are various theories about the origin of the giant jar rocks.

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    The first hypothesis comes from the legend of the tribe H’mong and Dao people who live at the end of the Truong Son Range. The hypothesis told that the origin of those stone jars lies in the 6th century, and that they were created for the purpose of aging. However, archaeologists said that the actual origin of the stone jars is completely unlike the legend. According to them, the creation of stone jars, and moving them to another place, should have taken a long time, it may have taken decades.

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    The second theory told that those stone jars are the burial place for the dead. This hypothesis was discovered by a France archaeologist, Henri Parmentier, when he found locals selling necklaces made of glass and carnelian during fieldwork. He said that they had stolen the necklace along with some other articles from the stone urns. However, these theories have yet to be proven scientifically. It’s the reason why the field still exists and attract hundreds of thousands of curious tourists every year.

    Luang Prabang by Legendary Mekong River

    Located near legendary Mekong River, Luang Prabang was the capital of Lang Xa country which means the country of elephants centuries ago. Therefore, Luang Prabang has ancient temples as well as old architecture. Because of the purity of ancient Buddhists here, Luang Prabang was always the first choice for foreign visitors when arriving in Laos. Therefore, it would be a major shortcoming if you do not enter on the top of Phousi hill which means Colored Mountain in Laotian language when visiting Luang Prabang.

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    From the top, you can enjoy a panoramic view of the ancient city. The top of Phousi 80m high. In 1804, Annourot people built a space tower which is a common symbol of the Buddhism of Laos. The tower is 20 meters high. In order to increase the sacredness and mysteriousness of the place, the monks built a small temple and a shrine at the foot of the tower.

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      Besides Luang Prabang and Plain of Jars, Laos has a lot of beautiful and awesome places to visit and enjoy such as Vientiane, Xiengkhoang, Thakhek, Savannakhet, Pakse, and Champasak. Furthermore, Laos is quite cheap and easy to travel to, therefore you can travel by your own but if you do not have much travel experience, you should book a Southeast Asia tour.

      Featured photo credit: NipponNewfie via pixabay.com

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      Angella Copper

      Professor of Hanoi University of Science and Technology

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      Last Updated on November 20, 2020

      Kickstart Your Morning Workout With These 10 Simple Habits

      Kickstart Your Morning Workout With These 10 Simple Habits

      Benjamin Franklin said it like this: “Early to bed, early to rise, will make a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.” He knew from his own experiences and watching others that the ones who got up early were healthier and more successful. That’s why a morning workout can be so important.

      One 2017 study found that:[1]

      “after controlling for such factors as age, sex, smoking habits, and others…night owls, were found to have a 10 percent greater risk of dying from any cause compared to morning types.”

      This is a great reason to tap into some morning motivation and get your morning workout done.

      Circadian Rhythm for morning workout

        As you can see in the above graph, your blood pressure begins to rise between 6 and 7 in the morning[2]. That means this is a great time to get your body moving and your heart pumping, even if it’s just for 20 minutes of exercise in the morning. 

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        Here are some tips on how to find the motivation for a morning workout.

        1. Remember Your Why

        It starts with remembering why you want to get up for a morning workout. If you don’t set a goal and establish your reasons for accomplishing a health and fitness goal, then you definitely won’t get up early.

        Getting up early isn’t easy. If it were, everyone would do it, right? Your goal for your health and fitness must be so strong, and the WHY behind it must be so powerful, that nothing will stop you from accomplishing that goal.

        2. Go to Bed Early

        If you want to get up early for a morning workout, it’s going to be important to get to bed earlier. Falling asleep at midnight and trying to get up at six just won’t work in your favor.

        This will likely be very difficult for a few days while you adjust your sleeping habits. However, as you get into an exercise routine in the morning, this will naturally make it easier to fall asleep earlier and faster at night.

        3. Make a Commitment

        I sometimes tell my Facebook community of my plans to work out, and we all keep each other motivated by posting our runs, our workouts, etc. This is a way to develop accountability. By publicly announcing your intentions, you increase your chances of actually carrying out your plans.

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        Another way to do this is to find an accountability partner who has similar goals for morning workouts. You can check in with each other to make sure you’re sticking to your plans. If that doesn’t work, hire a personal trainer for a few weeks to get you started.  

        You can learn how to find a good accountability partner here.

        4. Find a Friend

        If you can find a friend that is motivated like you are, and you can hold each other accountable daily to working out, then you will accomplish your fitness goals. Many people prefer working out with friends to working out alone. Whether it’s a chat while hitting the treadmill at the gym, or having someone to spot you while weightlifting, working out with friends is sometimes just more enjoyable.

        Texting each other the night before with a simple statement is best. Don’t ask: “Are we still working out in the morning?” With this kind of question, if they were thinking about not working out, you just gave them an opt out.

        Make a statement instead: “Can’t wait to see you in the morning!” This implies that they will be there, and they will feel more obligated to show up.

        5. Treat Yourself

        We all have to treat ourselves every now and then. After a morning workout, plan to treat yourself with a colorful, healthy breakfast or a delicious morning smoothie. This will help you look forward to something and push through to the end of your workout.

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        You can learn more on rewards and punishments here.

        6. Change your Mindset

        Many people throw away the idea of a morning workout by simply saying, “I’m not a morning person.”  Instead of using this excuse, decide to try to become a morning person by shifting your mindset.

        When you look into the benefits of waking up early and getting some exercise in before your day starts, you’ll feel more positive about your life overall.

        7. Plan Your Day

        You know you’re going to be busy. Try time blocking to plan all the things you need to do on a given day, and make sure you add in your morning workout[3]. If you have a plan laid out, you’ll be more likely to follow it and get done everything on your list done.

        Time blocking

          8. Reflect on How You’ll Feel After

          Starting a morning workout is hard, but visualizing how you’ll feel after can help you find motivation. Think about the extra energy you’ll have and how proud you’ll feel knowing that you were already so productive. No matter what you do the rest of the day, at least you squeezed in your exercise!

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          For me, I live in an area where there are a lot of runners. When I am heading home in the evening or sitting out on the patio at one of my favorite restaurants, and I see the runners go by, it makes me feel so accomplished that I got mine in that morning and I can enjoy the evening.

          9. Lay out Your Workout Clothes

          Setting out your workout clothes the night before makes it impossible for you to start to run late because you couldn’t find something to wear. Tap into the determination you have before bed in order to convince your less-than-motivated morning self that you need to get up and get your morning workout in. When you wake up and see your outfit laid out next to you, it’ll push you to get up and get moving.

          10.  Set Multiple Alarms

          Many people miss their morning workout simply because they hit the snooze button so many times. In order to make this more difficult for yourself, set a series of alarms. That way, if you keep hitting snooze, you’ll have three or four alarms going off every ten minutes, which will be annoying enough to get you out of bed.

          Also, put one alarm at least a few feet from your bed so that you’re forced to get up to turn it off.

          Final Thoughts

          About three years ago I went from being the person that says I will never be an early riser to a person that loves to get the day started as soon as possible. Without the distractions that begin to come around 8 or 9 in the morning, you’ll find that you’re more productive and more likely to squeeze in that morning workout.

          Take some of the actions above and find the best morning workout routine to start your day and feel good.

          More Tips on Morning Exercises

          Featured photo credit: Tomasz Woźniak via unsplash.com

          Reference

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