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Does Morning-After Pill Really Work? And How To Get It?

Does Morning-After Pill Really Work? And How To Get It?

If you are worried about becoming pregnant after you’ve had unprotected sex, a morning-after pill can be most handy. The morning after pill is a form of emergency contraception. It can also give you some peace of mind if the condom broke during intercourse.

But the term ‘morning-after’ is quite misleading. You don’t have to wait until the next morning to take the pill. It’s best to take it as early as possible after intercourse, though you may even have up to five days after sex to take the pills, depending on how close you are to ovulating. The earlier you take it, the better the chances of preventing the pregnancy. [1]

Types of Morning After Pills and Their Effectiveness

The day-after pill, morning-after pills, or emergency contraceptive pills contain the same hormones found in regular daily oral contraceptive pills. There are different types of emergency contraceptive pills. The degree to which it can reduce the chances of getting pregnant depends on the type of emergency contraceptive used and how quickly it was taken after having unprotected sex.

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Progestin or levonorgestrel pills:  

  • can reduce your risk of getting pregnant by 88% [2]
  • have less side effects than the other types of morning-after pills

Ulipristal acetate pills:

  • has been found to be highly effective
  • available by prescription only in the United States
  • can be taken up to 5 days after the intercourse
  • sold as ella in the United States and as ellaOne in Europe

Progestin and estrogen combined:

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  • combine both progestin and estrogen
  • cut your chances of getting pregnant by 75%
  • can cause side effects such as nausea and vomiting [3]

Mifepristone pills:

  • highly effective emergency contraceptive pill
  • few side-effects
  • currently available only in Armenia, Russia, China and Vietnam

Copper-T IUD:

  • can be inserted by a health care provider up to five days after sex to prevent pregnancy
  • said to be much more effective than other types of emergency contraceptive pills because it reduces your risk of getting pregnant by more than 99%[4]

How Emergency Contraception Methods Work

Many people believe that the morning after pill is a form of abortion. It is actually more about prevention, rather than abortion, but if ovulation has taken place, some types of morning after pills can abort the embryo before it gets implanted in the uterus.

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Morning after pills have three modes of action:[5]

  1. Ovulation is delayed by altering the normal menstrual cycle.
  2. Ovulation is inhibited; the egg is prevented from being released from the ovary.
  3. The lining of the uterus is made unreceptive to the egg.

morning_after_pill_process_large
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    The female egg is released during ovulation. The union of the egg and the male sperm occurs in the fallopian tube and it then travels to the uterus for implantation. if the emergency contraception is consumed after fertilization has taken place, an unreceptive uterus rejects the embryo, making implantation impossible and resulting in a chemical abortion.

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    Where to Get Morning After Pills

    Several different brands of emergency contraceptive pills or morning after pills are available in pharmacies across the United States.

    Anyone can buy progestin-only pills without having to show an ID. There are several popular brands of this medicine such as Look for Plan B One-Step, Take Action, Next Choice One-Dose and My Way. They usually cost about $50, while the generic ones are around $40. You can find these on the shelves in the family planning aisle.[6] If you want to stock up for an emergency, a generic form of Plan B One-Step can be purchased online for $20 with additional shipping charges.

    The Ulipristal acetate pill Ella is sold by prescription only, irrespective of age. Even if you have a prescription, it is best to call the pharmacy first to ensure it is in stock. If you want insurance for purchasing morning after pills, you can ask the pharmacy counter for help. Ella can be ordered online with next-day shipping for $67.

    You can also buy emergency contraceptive pills from Healthcare providers such as Planned Parenthood and health department clinics.[7]

    Reference

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    Last Updated on February 21, 2019

    The Secret to Effective Conflict Resolution: The IBR Approach

    The Secret to Effective Conflict Resolution: The IBR Approach

    In business, in social relationships, in family… In whatever context conflict is always inevitable, especially when you are in the leader role. This role equals “make decisions for the best of majority” and the remaining are not amused. Conflicts arise.

    Conflicts arise when we want to push for a better quality work but some members want to take a break from work.

    Conflicts arise when we as citizens want more recreational facilities but the Government has to balance the needs to maintain tourism growth.

    Conflicts are literally everywhere.

    Avoiding Conflicts a No-No and Resolving Conflicts a Win-Win

    Avoiding conflicts seem to be a viable option for us. The cruel fact is, it isn’t. Conflicts won’t walk away by themselves. They will, instead, escalate and haunt you back even more when we finally realize that’s no way we can let it be.

    Moreover, avoiding conflicts will eventually intensify the misunderstanding among the involved parties. And the misunderstanding severely hinders open communication which later on the parties tend to keep things secret. This is obviously detrimental to teamwork.

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    Some may view conflicts as the last step before arguments. And they thus leave it aside as if they never happen. This is not true.

    Conflicts are the intersect point between different individuals with different opinions. And this does not necessarily lead to argument.

    Instead, proper handling of conflicts can actually result in a win-win situation – both parties are pleased and allies are gained. A better understanding between each other and future conflicts are less likely to happen.

    The IBR Approach to Resolve Conflicts

    Here, we introduce to you an effective approach to resolve conflicts – the Interest-Based Relational (IBR) approach. The IBR approach was developed by Roger Fisher and William Ury in their 1981 book Getting to Yes. It stresses the importance of the separation between people and their emotions from the problem. Another focus of the approach is to build mutual understanding and respect as they strengthen bonds among parties and can ultimately help resolve conflicts in a harmonious way. The approach suggests a 6-step procedure for conflict resolution:

    Step 1: Prioritize Good Relationships

    How? Before addressing the problem or even starting the discussion, make it clear the conflict can result in a mutual trouble and through subsequent respectful negotiation the conflict can be resolved peacefully. And that brings the best outcome to the whole team by working together.

    Why? It is easy to overlook own cause of the conflict and point the finger to the members with different opinions. With such a mindset, it is likely to blame rather than to listen to the others and fail to acknowledge the problem completely. Such a discussion manner will undermine the good relationships among the members and aggravate the problem.

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    Example: Before discussion, stress that the problem is never one’s complete fault. Everyone is responsible for it. Then, it is important to point out our own involvement in the problem and state clearly we are here to listen to everyone’s opinions rather than accusing others.

    Step 2: People Are NOT the Cause of Problem

    How? State clearly the problem is never one-sided. Collaborative effort is needed. More importantly, note the problem should not be taken personally. We are not making accusations on persons but addressing the problem itself.

    Why? Once things taken personally, everything will go out of control. People will become irrational and neglect others’ opinions. We are then unable to address the problem properly because we cannot grasp a fuller and clearer picture of the problem due to presumption.

    Example: In spite of the confronting opinions, we have to emphasize that the problem is not a result of the persons but probably the different perspectives to view it. So, if we try to look at the problem from the other’s perspective, we may understand why there are varied opinions.

    Step 3: Listen From ALL Stances

    How? Do NOT blame others. It is of utmost importance. Ask for everyone’s opinions. It is important to let everyone feel that they contribute to the discussion. Tell them their involvement is essential to solve the problem and their effort is very much appreciated.

    Why? None wants to be ignored. If one feels neglected, it is very likely for he/she to be aggressive. It is definitely not what we hope to see in a discussion. Acknowledging and being acknowledged are equally important. So, make sure everyone has equal opportunity to express their views. Also, realizing their opinions are not neglected, they will be more receptive to other opinions.

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    Example: A little trick can played here: Invite others to talk first. It is an easy way to let others feel involved and ,more importantly, know their voices are heard. Also, we can show that we are actively listening to them by giving direct eye-contact and nodding. One important to note is that never interrupt anyone. Always let them finish first beforeanother one begins.

    Step 4: Listen Comes First, Talk Follows

    How? Ensure everyone has listened to one another points of view. It can be done by taking turn to speak and leaving the discussion part at last. State once again the problem is nothing personal and no accusation should be made.

    Why? By turn-taking, everyone can finish talking and voices of all sides can be heard indiscriminantly. This can promote willingness to listen to opposing opinions.

    Example: We can prepare pieces of paper with different numbers written on them. Then, ask different members to pick one and talk according to the sequence of the number. After everyone’s finished, advise everyone to use “I” more than “You” in the discussion period to avoid others thinking that it is an accusation.

    Step 5: Understand the Facts, Then Address the Problem

    How? List out ALL the facts first. Ask everyone to tell what they know about the problems.

    Why? Sometimes your facts are unknown to the others while they may know something we don’t. Missing out on these facts could possibly lead to inaccurate capture of the problem. Also, different known facts can lead to different perception of the matter. It also helps everyone better understand the problem and can eventually help reach a solution.

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    Example: While everyone is expressing their own views, ask them to write down everything they know that is true to the problem. As soon as everyone has finished, all facts can be noted and everyone’s understanding of the problem is raised.

    Step 6: Solve the Problem Together

    How? Knowing what everyone’s thinking, it is now time to resolve the conflict. Up to this point, everyone should have understood the problem better. So, it is everyone’s time to suggest some solutions. It is important not to have one giving all the solutions.

    Why? Having everyone suggesting their solutions is important as they will not feel excluded and their opinions are considered. Besides, it may also generate more solutions that can better resolve the conflicts. Everyone will more likely be satisfied with the result.

    Example: After discussion, ask all members to suggest any possible solutions and stress that all solutions are welcomed. State clearly that we are looking for the best outcomes for everyone’s sake rather than battling to win over one another. Then, evaluate all the solutions and pick the one that is in favor of everyone.

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