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What Is Low Blood Pressure And What To Do With It

What Is Low Blood Pressure And What To Do With It

Low blood pressure is an affliction that occurs in your body when the blood pressure in the arteries are abnormally low. Generally, if the pressure is sightly low, there is nothing to worry about. But if the blood pressure drops too much, then it can lead to dizziness, blurred vision, heart palpitations (meaning your heartbeats become more noticeable and/or irregular all of a sudden) and general weakness of the body [1].

Read on below to get to know more about low blood pressure, what causes this to happen, and how to react in the situation when you get low blood pressure.

What is Low Blood Pressure?

Low blood pressure, which is also known as hypotension, occurs when the volume of blood is low through the arteries.

We know that the heart pumps blood in a constant supply throughout the body. The way to measure blood pressure is to measure the force of the blood on the walls of the arteries as the blood flows through them.

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The normal rate of blood pressure in a human body is generally depicted between 90/60 and 140/90. Having a rating that is higher than 140/90 means you have high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. If your blood pressure reading is under the 90/60 rating, then it is usually regarded as having low blood pressure.

Chronic low blood pressure may be an indication of heart problems, endocrine (hormonal) problems, lack of nutrients, and other health conditions. In general, low blood pressure can prevent enough oxygen to be delivered to all parts of the body.

Causes

There is no single cause for low blood pressure. Rather, the causes behind low blood pressure vary, starting from choices made in your lifestyle, any underlying health conditions, or even a side effect from medications you take. It can also be hereditary.

Your blood pressure can vary at different times during the day, depending on what you do. The amount of stress you handle, whether you are sitting or standing, or even the temperature can affect your blood pressure. However, there are some definite situations that affects to causing low blood pressure, such as:

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1. Daily Situations

Depending on the time of the day, you can be affected by low blood pressure. The rate of the blood pressure usually gets lower overnight when you are sleeping, and starts to rise higher during the day, with the highest peak reaching around midday.

Blood pressure is also attached to your stress levels. The more stressed you are, the higher you blood pressure rate will be. On the other hand, the more relaxed your body is, the lower the blood pressure becomes.

If you are in the habit of exercising regularly, then the blood pressure gets low and stays low during your resting period. Even the temperature can lower your blood pressure since warmer temperature can lead to having a low blood pressure.

2. Genetic Conditions

Low blood pressure can be hereditary. There has been some studies that showed that if the parents had low blood pressure, sometimes it might be inherited by the child.

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3. Medical Conditions

There are some medicines that can lead to having low blood pressure. For example, medicines prescribed for heart problems, medicines prescribed for people with high blood pressure to lower it, diuretics (water tablets), antidepressants etc.

Dehydration can also cause low blood pressure. Excessive sweating in hot weather, vomiting or diarrhea are all valid causes of dehydration.

Heart conditions, anemia, neurological disorders, serious injuries shock, these all may cause a person to have low blood pressure.

What To Do If You Have Low Blood Pressure

If you feel any symptoms of low blood pressure, the following tips might help you recover and give you an easier time to cope.

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1. Stand up slowly/gradually

Standing up slowly/gradually, avoiding standing for long periods of time, limiting alcohol intake, refraining from caffeine at night time, and eating small portions of food throughout the day can help with reducing low blood pressure symptoms.

2. Stay Hydrated

Since dehydration is a cause of low of blood pressure, take more fluids and salts. More intake of fluids leads to more volume of blood in your body, thereby reducing chances of low blood pressure.

3. Change medications

Changing medications that give the body a side effect of low blood pressure and treating underlying medical health conditions will also help with the treatment of low blood pressure.

Usually, the causes of low blood pressure can be treated manually by the above-mentioned tips. However, if the case is severe, medications might be necessary. The medicines are meant to meant to increase your blood pressure through a smaller space in the artery by either expanding the volume of blood in your bodies or making your arteries narrower. Medicines should always be confirmed and checked first by your doctor before taking them.

Reference

[1]http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Blood-pressure-(low)/Pages/Introduction.aspx

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Last Updated on September 20, 2018

How to Stay Calm and Cool When You Are Extremely Stressful

How to Stay Calm and Cool When You Are Extremely Stressful

Being in a hurry all the time drains your energy. Your work and routine life make you feel overwhelmed. Getting caught up in things beyond your control stresses you out…

If you’d like to stay calm and cool in stressful situations, put the following 8 steps into practice:

1. Breathe

The next time you’re faced with a stressful situation that makes you want to hurry, stop what you’re doing for one minute and perform the following steps:

  • Take five deep breaths in and out (your belly should come forward with each inhale).
  • Imagine all that stress leaving your body with each exhale.
  • Smile. Fake it if you have to. It’s pretty hard to stay grumpy with a goofy grin on your face.

Feel free to repeat the above steps every few hours at work or home if you need to.

2. Loosen up

After your breathing session, perform a quick body scan to identify any areas that are tight or tense. Clenched jaw? Rounded shoulders? Anything else that isn’t at ease?

Gently touch or massage any of your body parts that are under tension to encourage total relaxation. It might help to imagine you’re in a place that calms you: a beach, hot tub, or nature trail, for example.

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3. Chew slowly

Slow down at the dinner table if you want to learn to be patient and lose weight. Shoveling your food down as fast as you can is a surefire way to eat more than you need to (and find yourself with a bellyache).

Be a mindful eater who pays attention to the taste, texture, and aroma of every dish. Chew slowly while you try to guess all of the ingredients that were used to prepare your dish.

Chewing slowly will also reduce those dreadful late-night cravings that sneak up on you after work.

4. Let go

Cliche as it sounds, it’s very effective.

The thing that seems like the end of the world right now?

It’s not. Promise.

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Stressing and worrying about the situation you’re in won’t do any good because you’re already in it, so just let it go.

Letting go isn’t easy, so here’s a guide to help you:

21 Things To Do When You Find It Hard To Let Go

5. Enjoy the journey

Focusing on the end result can quickly become exhausting. Chasing a bold, audacious goal that’s going to require a lot of time and patience? Split it into several mini-goals so you’ll have several causes for celebration.

Stop focusing on the negative thoughts. Giving yourself consistent positive feedback will help you grow patience, stay encouraged, and find more joy in the process of achieving your goals.

6. Look at the big picture

The next time you find your stress level skyrocketing, take a deep breath, and ask yourself:

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Will this matter to me…

  • Next week?
  • Next month?
  • Next year?
  • In 10 years?

Hint: No, it won’t.

I bet most of the stuff that stresses you wouldn’t matter the next week, maybe not even the next day.

Stop agonizing over things you can’t control because you’re only hurting yourself.

7. Stop demanding perfection of yourself

You’re not perfect and that’s okay. Show me a person who claims to be perfect and I’ll show you a dirty liar.

Demanding perfection of yourself (or anybody else) will only stress you out because it just isn’t possible.

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8. Practice patience every day

Below are a few easy ways you can practice patience every day, increasing your ability to remain calm and cool in times of stress:

  • The next time you go to the grocery store, get in the longest line.
  • Instead of going through the drive-thru at your bank, go inside.
  • Take a long walk through a secluded park or trail.

Final thoughts

Staying calm in stressful situations is possible, all you need is some daily practice.

Taking deep breaths and eat mindfully are some simple ways to train your brain to be more patient. But changing the way you think of a situation and staying positive are most important in keeping cool whenever you feel overwhelmed and stressful.

Featured photo credit: Brooke Cagle via unsplash.com

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