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What Is Low Blood Pressure And What To Do With It

What Is Low Blood Pressure And What To Do With It

Low blood pressure is an affliction that occurs in your body when the blood pressure in the arteries are abnormally low. Generally, if the pressure is sightly low, there is nothing to worry about. But if the blood pressure drops too much, then it can lead to dizziness, blurred vision, heart palpitations (meaning your heartbeats become more noticeable and/or irregular all of a sudden) and general weakness of the body [1].

Read on below to get to know more about low blood pressure, what causes this to happen, and how to react in the situation when you get low blood pressure.

What is Low Blood Pressure?

Low blood pressure, which is also known as hypotension, occurs when the volume of blood is low through the arteries.

We know that the heart pumps blood in a constant supply throughout the body. The way to measure blood pressure is to measure the force of the blood on the walls of the arteries as the blood flows through them.

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The normal rate of blood pressure in a human body is generally depicted between 90/60 and 140/90. Having a rating that is higher than 140/90 means you have high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. If your blood pressure reading is under the 90/60 rating, then it is usually regarded as having low blood pressure.

Chronic low blood pressure may be an indication of heart problems, endocrine (hormonal) problems, lack of nutrients, and other health conditions. In general, low blood pressure can prevent enough oxygen to be delivered to all parts of the body.

Causes

There is no single cause for low blood pressure. Rather, the causes behind low blood pressure vary, starting from choices made in your lifestyle, any underlying health conditions, or even a side effect from medications you take. It can also be hereditary.

Your blood pressure can vary at different times during the day, depending on what you do. The amount of stress you handle, whether you are sitting or standing, or even the temperature can affect your blood pressure. However, there are some definite situations that affects to causing low blood pressure, such as:

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1. Daily Situations

Depending on the time of the day, you can be affected by low blood pressure. The rate of the blood pressure usually gets lower overnight when you are sleeping, and starts to rise higher during the day, with the highest peak reaching around midday.

Blood pressure is also attached to your stress levels. The more stressed you are, the higher you blood pressure rate will be. On the other hand, the more relaxed your body is, the lower the blood pressure becomes.

If you are in the habit of exercising regularly, then the blood pressure gets low and stays low during your resting period. Even the temperature can lower your blood pressure since warmer temperature can lead to having a low blood pressure.

2. Genetic Conditions

Low blood pressure can be hereditary. There has been some studies that showed that if the parents had low blood pressure, sometimes it might be inherited by the child.

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3. Medical Conditions

There are some medicines that can lead to having low blood pressure. For example, medicines prescribed for heart problems, medicines prescribed for people with high blood pressure to lower it, diuretics (water tablets), antidepressants etc.

Dehydration can also cause low blood pressure. Excessive sweating in hot weather, vomiting or diarrhea are all valid causes of dehydration.

Heart conditions, anemia, neurological disorders, serious injuries shock, these all may cause a person to have low blood pressure.

What To Do If You Have Low Blood Pressure

If you feel any symptoms of low blood pressure, the following tips might help you recover and give you an easier time to cope.

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1. Stand up slowly/gradually

Standing up slowly/gradually, avoiding standing for long periods of time, limiting alcohol intake, refraining from caffeine at night time, and eating small portions of food throughout the day can help with reducing low blood pressure symptoms.

2. Stay Hydrated

Since dehydration is a cause of low of blood pressure, take more fluids and salts. More intake of fluids leads to more volume of blood in your body, thereby reducing chances of low blood pressure.

3. Change medications

Changing medications that give the body a side effect of low blood pressure and treating underlying medical health conditions will also help with the treatment of low blood pressure.

Usually, the causes of low blood pressure can be treated manually by the above-mentioned tips. However, if the case is severe, medications might be necessary. The medicines are meant to meant to increase your blood pressure through a smaller space in the artery by either expanding the volume of blood in your bodies or making your arteries narrower. Medicines should always be confirmed and checked first by your doctor before taking them.

Reference

[1] http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Blood-pressure-(low)/Pages/Introduction.aspx

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Last Updated on September 28, 2020

The Pros and Cons of Working from Home

The Pros and Cons of Working from Home

At the start of the year, if you had asked anyone if they could do their work from home, many would have said no. They would have cited the need for team meetings, a place to be able to sit down and get on with their work, the camaraderie of the office, and being able to meet customers and clients face to face.

Almost ten months later, most of us have learned that we can do our work from home and in many ways, we have discovered working from home is a lot better than doing our work in a busy, bustling office environment where we are inundated with distractions and noise.

One of the things the 2020 pandemic has reminded us is we humans are incredibly adaptable. It is one of the strengths of our kind. Yet we have been unknowingly practicing this for years. When we move house we go through enormous upheaval.

When we change jobs, we not only change our work environment but we also change the surrounding people. Humans are adaptable and this adaptability gives us strength.

So, what are the pros and cons of working from home? Below I will share some things I have discovered since I made the change to being predominantly a person who works from home.

Pro #1: A More Relaxed Start to the Day

This one I love. When I had to be at a place of work in the past, I would always set my alarm to give me just enough time to make coffee, take a shower, and change. Mornings always felt like a rush.

Now, I can wake up a little later, make coffee and instead of rushing to get out of the door at a specific time, I can spend ten minutes writing in my journal, reviewing my plan for the day, and start the day in a more relaxed frame of mind.

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When you start the day in a relaxed state, you begin more positively. You find you have more clarity and more focus and you are not wasting energy worrying about whether you will be late.

Pro #2: More Quiet, Focused Time = Increased Productivity

One of the biggest difficulties of working in an office is the noise and distractions. If a colleague or boss can see you sat at your desk, you are more approachable. It is easier for them to ask you questions or engage you in meaningless conversations.

Working from home allows you to shut the door and get on with an hour or two of quiet focused work. If you close down your Slack and Email, you avoid the risk of being disturbed and it is amazing how much work you can get done.

An experiment conducted in 2012 found that working from home increased a person’s productivity by 13%, and more recent studies also find significant increases in productivity.[1]

When our productivity increases, the amount of time we need to perform our work decreases, and this means we can spend more time on activities that can bring us closer to our family and friends as well as improve our mental health.

Pro #3: More Control Over Your Day

Without bosses and colleagues watching over us all day, we have a lot more control over what we do. While some work will inevitably be more urgent than others, we still get a lot more choice about what we work on.

We also get more control over where we work. I remember when working in an office, we were given a fixed workstation. Some of these workstations were pleasant with a lot of natural sunlight, but other areas were less pleasant. It was often the luck of the draw whether we find ourselves in a good place to work or not.

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By working from home we can choose what work to work on and whether we want to face a window or not. We can get up and move to another place, and we can move from room to room. And if you have a garden, on nice days you could spend a few hours working outside.

Pro #4: You Get to Choose Your Office Environment

While many companies will provide you with a laptop or other equipment to do your work, others will give you an allowance to purchase your equipment. But with furniture such as your chair and desk, you have a lot of freedom.

I have seen a lot of amazing home working spaces with wonderful sets up—better chairs, laptop stands that make working from a laptop much more ergonomic and therefore, better for your neck.

You can also choose your wall art and the little nick-nacks on your desk or table. With all this freedom, you can create a very personal and excellent working environment that is a pleasure to work in. When you are happy doing your work, you will inevitably do better work.

Con #1: We Move a Lot Less

When we commute to a place of work, there is movement involved. Many people commute using public transport, which means walking to the bus stop or train station. Then, there is the movement at lunchtime when we go out to buy our lunch. Working in a place of work requires us to move more.

Unfortunately, working from home naturally causes us to move less and this means we are not burning as many calories as we need to.

Moving is essential to our health and if you are working from home you need to become much more aware of your movement. To ensure you are moving enough, make sure you take your lunch breaks. Get up from your desk and move. Go outside, if you can, and take a walk. And, of course, refrain from regular trips to the refrigerator.

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Con #2: Less Human Interaction

One of the nicest things about bringing a group of people together to work is the camaraderie and relationships that are built over time. Working from home takes us away from that human interaction and for many, this can cause a feeling of loss.

Humans are a social species—we need to be with other people. Without that connection, we start to feel lonely and that can lead to mental health issues.

Zoom and Microsoft Teams meeting cannot replace that interaction. Often, the interactions we get at our workplaces are spontaneous. But with video calls, there is nothing spontaneous—most of these calls are prearranged and that’s not spontaneous.

This lack of spontaneous interaction can also reduce a team’s ability to develop creative solutions—there’s just something about a group of incredibly creative people coming together in a room to thrash out ideas together that lends itself to creativity.

While video calls can be useful, they don’t match the connection between a group of people working on a solution together.

Con #3: The Cost of Buying Home Office Equipment

Not all companies are going to provide you with a nice allowance to buy expensive home office equipment. 100% remote companies such as Doist (the creators of Todoist and Twist) provide a $2,000 allowance to all their staff every two years to buy office equipment. Others are not so generous.

This can prove to be expensive for many people to create their ideal work-from-home workspace. Many people must make do with what they already have, and that could mean unsuitable chairs that damage backs and necks.

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For a future that will likely involve more flexible working arrangements, companies will need to support their staff in ways that will add additional costs to an already reduced bottom line.

Con #4: Unique Distractions

Not all people have the benefit of being able to afford childcare for young children, and this means they need to balance working and taking care of their kids.

For many parents, being able to go to a workplace gives them time away from the noise and demands of a young family, so they could get on with their work. Working from home removes this and can make doing video calls almost impossible.

To overcome this, where possible, you need to set some boundaries. I know this is not always possible, but it is something you need to try. You should do whatever you can to make sure you have some boundaries between your work life and home life.

Final Thoughts

Working from home can be hugely beneficial for many people, but it can also bring serious challenges to others.

We are moving towards a new way of working. Therefore, companies need to look at both the pros and cons of working from home and be prepared to support their staff in making this transition. It will not be impossible, but a lot of thought will need to go into it.

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Featured photo credit: Standsome Worklifestyle via unsplash.com

Reference

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