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Your Body Takes In More Calories When You Don’t Sleep Enough, Science Says

Your Body Takes In More Calories When You Don’t Sleep Enough, Science Says

More and more people today sleep less and gain more weight than ever before. If you didn’t think there was a correlation between the two, you are wrong. Scientists confirmed that the average American eats 385 extra calories per day when they are sleep–deprived. This means that each time you deprive your body of getting enough sleep, an entire workout session goes to waste, as you add those calories the next day.

Surprising findings in the research

Together with his team, Andrew Calvin – MD, MPH and assistant professor of medicine at Mayo Clinic – conducted a research on 17 people, both men and women, ages 18 to 40 to find out how sleep deprivation affects daily calorie intake. They tracked participants’ sleeping habits to discover their average sleeping hours. Next, they placed them into two groups – one that was allowed to sleep their normal hours, and the other that slept only two-thirds of their regular sleep time.  Both groups were allowed to consume any type of food in any amount they need. After eight days, the results showed that people who were deprived of their normal sleep hours were taking extra 549 calories daily, whereas the group with more sleeping hours consumed 143 fewer calories than usual.

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Another surprising finding was that it is actually due to increased calorie intake that the levels of hormone leptin (which informs our brain that we are full) were higher, and ghrelin (a hormone that informs our brain that we are hungry) levels were lower than usual, and not the other way around as was considered before. Therefore, we cannot rely on hormone control to stop us from eating too many calories after less sleep, but it is something that can be regulated only by getting enough sleep. As Calvin says, “If you are looking to maintain a healthy weight or lose weight, I think getting adequate sleep may be very important.” Contrary to the popular belief, that the longer hours we stay awake, the more calories we burn, the research found no significant difference in activity expenditure between the two groups.

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How the vicious circle forms

This shouldn’t come as a surprise as we are all familiar with feeling drowsy and irritated after not getting a good night’s sleep. It is then no wonder that we tend to crave more fatty and sugary meals than usual as they provide artificial comfort and soothe us at least for some time. This leaves us feeling even more tired and lazy, resulting in not getting activity needed for burning extra calories. Hence, we gain weight in time, not to mention the amount of stress we are causing to ourselves, as we don’t allow our body and mind to rest and rejuvenate properly during sleep.

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Most common factors causing sleep deprivation include stress, worry and busy lifestyle. It can easily turn into a vicious cycle as we tend to feel more stressed and worried and our productivity worsens due to lack of sleep. Hours of sleep people need for proper rest wary from person to person, but it is important for everyone to respect their bodies’ needs in order to remain healthy, productive and happy.

What you should do to stop gaining weight from lack of sleep

Most people find it harmless at first to cut down on their sleep when making progress in their career but are very soon faced with the negative consequences of sleep deprivation. They tend to feel tired more often and are left with fewer productive hours of work. In order to avoid such struggle, it is highly recommended to finish all our tasks at work, or a study, strictly during working hours. Avoid consuming caffeine at least five hours prior to sleep as it robs you of quality sleep you need for next day’s professional challenges. Also, a great way to distract your mind from thinking about work is to get a white noise sound device, as it blocks out the distracting noise and provides soothing and relaxing sounds instead.

To prevent losing sleep due to worry, you should start practicing relaxing exercises before sleep. Deep breathing exercises such as yoga or meditation are extremely helpful as deep breathing provides enough oxygen, which clears our mind and calms our body.

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Ana Erkic

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Last Updated on July 10, 2020

How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

We all have them—those hurtful, frustrating, offensive, manipulative people in our lives. No matter how hard we try to surround ourselves with positive and kind people, there will always be those who will disrespect, insult, berate, and misuse you if we allow them to.

We may, for a variety of reasons, not be able to avoid them, but we can determine how we interact with them and how we allow them to interact with us.

So, how to take control of your life and stop being pushed around?

Learning to set clear firm boundaries with the people in our lives at work and in our personal lives is the best way to protect ourselves from the negative effects of this kind of behavior.

What Boundaries Are (And What They’re Not)

Boundaries are limits

—they are not threats or ultimatums. Boundaries inform or teach. They are not a form of punishment.

Boundaries are firm lines—determined by you—which cannot be crossed by those around you. They are guidelines for how you will allow others to treat you and what kind of behaviors you will expect.

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Healthy personal boundaries help protect you from physical or emotional pain. You may also need to set firm boundaries at work to ensure you and your time are not disrespected. Don’t allow others to take advantage of your kindness and generosity.

Clear boundaries communicate to others that you demand respect and consideration—that you are willing to stand up for yourself and that you will not be a doormat for anyone. They are a “no trespassing” sign that makes it very clear when a line has been crossed and that there will be consequences for doing so.

Boundaries are not set with the intention of changing other people. They may change how people interact with you, but they are more about enforcing your needs than attempting to change the general behavior and attitude of others.

How to Establish Boundaries and Take Control of Your Life

Here are some ways that you can establish boundaries and take control of your life.

1. Self-Awareness Comes First

Before you can establish boundaries with others, you first need to understand what your needs are.

You are entitled to respect. You have the right to protect yourself from inappropriate or offensive behavior. Setting boundaries is a way of honoring your needs.

To set appropriate boundaries, you need to be clear about what healthy behaviors look like—what healthy relationships look like.

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You first have to become more aware of your feelings and honest with yourself about your expectations and what you feel is appropriate behavior:

  • Where do you need to establish better boundaries?
  • When do you feel disrespected?
  • When do you feel violated, frustrated, or angered by the behavior of others?
  • In what situations do you feel you are being mistreated or taken advantage of?
  • When do you want to be alone?
  • How much space do you need?

You need to honor your own needs and boundaries before you can expect others to honor them. This allows you to take control of your life.

2. Clear Communication Is Essential

Inform others clearly and directly what your expectations are. It is essential to have clear communication if you want others to respect your boundaries. Explain in an honest and respectful tone what you find offensive or unacceptable.

Many people simply aren’t aware that they are behaving inappropriately. They may never have been taught proper manners or consideration for others.

3. Be Specific but Don’t Blame

Taking a blaming or punishing attitude automatically puts people on the defensive. People will not listen when they feel attacked. It’s part of human nature.

That said, you do not need to overexplain or defend yourself. Boundaries are not open to compromise.

Sample language:

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  • “You may not…yell or raise your voice to me…”
  • “I need…to be treated with respect…”
  • “It’s not okay when…you take things from my desk without asking…”
  • “I won’t…do your work…cover for you anymore…”
  • “It’s not acceptable when…you ridicule or insult me…”
  • “I am uncomfortable when…you use offensive language”
  • “I will no longer be able to…lend you money…”

Being able to communicate these without sounding accusatory is essential if you want others to respect your boundaries so you can take control of your life.

4. Consequences Are Often Necessary

Determine what the appropriate consequences will be when boundaries are crossed. If it’s appropriate, be clear about those consequences upfront when communicating those boundaries to others.

Follow through. People won’t respect your boundaries if you don’t enforce them.

Standing our ground and forcing consequences doesn’t come easily to us. We want to be nice. We want people to like us, but we shouldn’t have to trade our self-respect to gain friends or to achieve success.

We may be tempted to let minor disrespect slide to avoid conflict, but as the familiar saying goes, “if you give people an inch, they’ll take a mile.”

It’s much easier to address offensive or inappropriate behavior now than to wait until that behavior has gotten completely out of hand.

It’s also important to remember that positive reinforcement is even more powerful than negative consequences. When people do alter the way they treat you, acknowledge it. Let people know that you notice and appreciate their efforts.

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Final Thoughts

Respect is always a valid reason for setting a boundary. Don’t defend yourself or your needs. Boundaries are often necessary to protect your time, your space, and your feelings. And these are essential if you want to take control of your life.

Start with the easiest boundaries first. Setting boundaries is a skill that needs to be practiced. Enlist support from others if necessary. Inform people immediately when they have crossed the line.

Don’t wait. Communicate politely and directly. Be clear about the consequences and follow them through.

The better you become at setting your own boundaries, the better you become at recognizing and respecting the boundaries of others.

Remember that establishing boundaries is your right. You are entitled to respect. You can’t control how other people behave, but you do have control over the way you allow people to treat you.

Learning to set boundaries is not always easy, but with time, it will become more comfortable. You may eventually find that boundaries become automatic and you no longer need to consciously set them.

They will simply become a natural extension of your self-respect.

Featured photo credit: Thomas Kelley via unsplash.com

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