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What is a Criminal Attorney and Why You May Need One

What is a Criminal Attorney and Why You May Need One

The law is a diverse field with multiple specialties based on specific kinds of cases. And a criminal attorney is just one of the options available. But what exactly does a criminal lawyer do? The answer is both simple and complex, depending on your perspective.

The Basics

A criminal attorney also referred to as a criminal defense lawyer or public defender, is a lawyer that focuses on the defense of individuals and organizations that have been charged with a particular crime. Criminal attorneys focus on understanding the law regarding specific kinds of criminal charges and work to assert the defendant’s innocence or ensure that only appropriate charges are brought forward. They can also work with the prosecution to reach a deal, referred to as a plea bargain, should the defendant wish to plead guilty and/or avoid a court case.

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Like other legal specialties, criminal lawyers must obtain a law degree and successfully pass the Bar exam in the state where they intend to practice. Additionally, board certifications are available but are not required. Once they accept a case, they research the available information, interview witnesses, research case law and applicable statutes, laws, and regulations, and then create a defense strategy. They also speak on behalf of the defendant during the trial, serving as their advocate. Criminal attorneys can also draft and file appeals.

The Working Environment

Criminal lawyers may work in a variety of environments. Most commonly, they work as part of a private practice or operate a solo firm. In some cases, defense attorneys work for non-profit organizations and even government agencies. Aside from maintaining office hours, they also meet defendants at courthouses, hospitals, and even prisons to help solidify their case.

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It isn’t uncommon for criminal lawyers to begin their careers on the other side, working for the prosecutor’s office. Some start out on the defense side, but work for non-profits or provide services as a public defender. However, it is not required to begin your career in such a fashion, but it can help you build the skills and reputation necessary to successfully transition into criminal defense.

Criminal Law Specialties

While criminal law is a specialty in its own right, there are subspecialties within the field. Some attorneys focus on defending specific kinds of criminal charges, such as domestic violence, sex crimes, violent crimes, drug offenses, thefts, and fraud. Others practice more generally, though may functionally end up specializing if their reputation in a particular area grows strong.

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Clients

Criminal attorneys may defend people who were wrongly accused as well as those who may be guilty. The opposite can happen when serving as a prosecutor. Regardless of the defendant’s guilt or innocence, it is important that a criminal lawyer always does their best work for their client. The right to a competent attorney is a critical part of the overall legal process, and this requires that each attorney takes their responsibilities seriously.

Additionally, the attorney and client are able to operate with “attorney-client privilege.” This allows the client to speak freely with their attorney without the attorney being required to disclose any of the information regardless of how it pertains to the client’s guilt or innocence.

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However, it is also the attorney’s job to advise their clients on the best course of action. If a client is guilty, it may be wise to arrange a plea bargain instead of going to trial and risking a guilty verdict. Even if that is the case, it is ultimately the criminal lawyer’s job to adhere to the wishes of their clients. That means, should the client insist on entering a not guilty plea and moving forward with a trial, then the attorney must act accordingly.

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Last Updated on April 9, 2020

How to Think Positive Thoughts When Feeling Negative

How to Think Positive Thoughts When Feeling Negative

Positive thinking can lead to a lot of positive change in your life. Developing an optimistic outlook can be good for both your physical and mental health.

But sometimes, certain situations arise in life that makes it hard to keep a positive outlook. Take steps to make positive thinking become more like your second nature and you’ll reap the biggest benefits.

Here are 10 ways to make thinking positive thoughts easy:

1. Spend Time with Positive People

If you surround yourself with constant complainers, their negativity is likely to rub off on you.

Spend time with positive friends and family members to increase the likelihood that their positive thinking habits will become yours too. It’s hard to be negative when everyone around you is so positive.

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Learn How to Surround Yourself With Positive People.

2. Take Responsibility for Your Behavior

When you encounter problems and difficulties in life, don’t play the role of the victim. Acknowledge your role in the situation and take responsibility for your behavior.

Accepting responsibility can help you learn from mistakes and prevent you from blaming others unfairly.

3. Contribute to the Community

One of the best ways to feel good about what you have, is to focus on what you have to give.

Volunteer in some manner and give back to the community. Helping others can give you a new outlook on the world and can assist you with positive thinking.

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4. Read Positive and Inspirational Materials

Spend time each day reading something that encourages positive thinking. Read the Bible, spiritual material, or inspirational quotes to help you focus on what’s important to you in life. It can be a great way to start and end your day.

Some recommendations for you:

5. Recognize and Replace Negative Thoughts

You won’t be successful at positive thinking if you’re still plagued by frequent negative thoughts. Learn to recognize and replace thoughts that are overly negative. Often, thoughts that include words like “always” and “never” signal that they aren’t true.

If you find yourself thinking something such as, “I always mess everything up,” replace it with something more realistic such as, “Sometimes I make mistakes but I learn from them.”

There’s no need to make your thoughts unrealistically positive, but instead, make them more realistic.

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6. Establish and Work Toward Goals

It’s easier to be positive about problems and setbacks when you have goals that you’re working toward. Goals will give you motivation to overcome those obstacles when you encounter problems along the way. Without clear goals, it’s harder to make decisions and gauge your progress.

Learn to set SMART goals to help you achieve more.

7. Consider the Consequences of Negativity

Spend some time thinking about the consequences of negative thinking. Often, it can become a self-fulfilling prophecy.

For example, a person who thinks, “I probably won’t get this job interview,” may put less effort into the interview. As a result, he may decrease his chances of getting the job.

Create a list of all the ways negative thinking impacts your life. It likely influences your behavior, your relationships, and your feelings. Then, create a list of the ways in which positive thinking could be beneficial.

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8. Offer Compliments to Others

Look for reasons to compliment others. Be genuine in your praise and compliments, but offer it frequently. This will help you look for the good in other people.

9. Create a Daily Gratitude List

If you start keeping a daily gratitude list, you’ll start noticing exactly how much you have to be thankful for. This can help you focus on the positive in your life instead of thinking about all the bad things that have happened in the day.

Getting in the habit of showing an attitude of gratitude makes positive thinking more of a habit. Here’re 40 Simple Ways To Practice Gratitude.

10. Practice Self-Care

Take good care of yourself and you’ll be more equipped to think positively.

Get plenty of rest and exercise and practice managing your stress well. Taking care of your physical and mental health will provide you with more energy to focus on positive thinking.

Learn about these 30 Self-Care Habits for a Strong and Healthy Mind, Body and Spirit.

More Tips for Staying Positive

Featured photo credit: DESIGNECOLOGIST via unsplash.com

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