4 Medical Instrument Mistakes to Avoid That Can Cause Serious Infections

4 Medical Instrument Mistakes to Avoid That Can Cause Serious Infections

A visit to the hospital can be scary. It is not easy to visit the hospital when people are sick or if they need surgery. The patients need to be assured that they will be taken cared of. It is the responsibility of the hospitals to be extra careful while treating their patients so that there are no big surgical errors. One of the most important things is to be careful with the instruments that are being used. If there is any negligence in that area, it can cause serious problems which, in some cases, can be fatal.

Here are some of the serious dangers that a patient can be exposed to if the doctors and the hospital staff are not careful with the medical instruments they use.


1. Dangers of spreading disease with non-sterile instruments

It is very important that all of the surgical instruments are clean and free of germs. If any of the medical instruments are not sterile, then it cannot be used in an operation theater. If you want the instruments to qualify for the surgery, then make a hundred percent sure that the instruments are sterilized. These instruments can be responsible for causing an infection. Non-sterile instruments can result in cross-contamination as it can transfer germs from one patient to another. It is possible that it can cause infection which can be incurable in some cases.

2. Protect the medical instruments from contaminated emergency rooms

There is always a lot of traffic in and out of the emergency room. The instruments go through so many different hands that they can become contaminated easily. If anyone has touched the surgical instruments, you need to make sure that they are cleaned before they enter an operation theater. If a surgical instrument gets contaminated, then the germs are constantly multiplying on it. To make sure that the contaminated surgical instruments do not lead to any fatal infections, you need to sanitize the instruments just before the surgery. In this way, there will not be any chance of infection.


It is possible that a non-sterile instrument can result in spreading viruses or harmful bacteria. When a person is sick or is going through surgery, he or she has a vulnerable immune system. Because of this, even the smallest contamination can lead to fatal infections.

3. Count your surgical instruments before and after surgery

Leaving surgical instruments inside a body after surgery is more common than you think. If the instruments are left inside the body for a long time, they can cause some serious infection. There are hospitals where it is essential to count all the surgical instruments before and after surgery so that, if there is any mistake made, it can be corrected on the spot. If an instrument such as a scalpel is left inside the body, it can also cause damage to other internal organs. So it is important to do an inventory of all the medical instruments you are using in the OR.


4. Safe usage of syringes and needles

The needles and syringes and any other medical instrument which have a sharp edge is known as “sharps” in the medical world. Using them carefully is imperative because if not, they can become the means of spreading serious infections and diseases. The first thing that you should do after using any kind of sharps is to dispose of it properly. Sharps disposal is critical because under no circumstances are you supposed to use them again. You should put them in the sharps disposal container immediately after use.

Disposing of them immediately is important because used needles can cause serious diseases like HIV, Hepatitis B or C which are very dangerous. Use the proper containers for disposal because they are made up of plastic that is resistant to puncturing and there is no chance of any leakage. Putting them in the trash with other waste is not the proper way of disposal.


These are just some of the consequences that a person can face if the medical instruments are not used carefully.

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Adnan Manzoor

Data Analyst & Life Coach

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12 Best Brain Foods that Improve Memory

12 Best Brain Foods that Improve Memory

Nutrition plays a vital role in brain function and staying sharp into the golden years. Personally, my husband is going through medical school, which is like a daily mental marathon. Like any good wife, I am always looking for things that will boost his memory fortitude so he does his best in school.

But you don’t have to be a med student to appreciate better brainiac brilliance. If you combine certain foods with good hydration, proper sleep and exercise, you may just rival Einstein and have a great memory in no time.

I’m going to reveal the list of foods coming out of the kitchen that can improve your memory and make you smarter.

Here are 12 best brain foods that improve memory:

1. Nuts

The American Journal of Epidemiology published a study linking higher intakes of vitamin E with the prevention on cognitive decline.[1]

Nuts like walnuts and almonds (along with other great foods like avocados) are a great source of vitamin E.

Cashews and sunflower seeds also contain an amino acid that reduces stress by boosting serotonin levels.

Walnuts even resemble the brain, just in case you forget the correlation, and are a great source of omega 3 fatty acids, which also improve your mental magnitude.


2. Blueberries

Shown in studies at Tuffs University to benefit both short-term memory and coordination, blueberries pack quite a punch in a tiny blue package.[2]

When compared to other fruits and veggies, blueberries were found to have the highest amount of antioxidants (especially flavonoids), but strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries are also full of brain benefits.

3. Tomatoes

Tomatoes are packed full of the antioxidant lycopene, which has shown to help protect against free-radical damage most notably seen in dementia patients.

4. Broccoli

While all green veggies are important and rich in antioxidants and vitamin C, broccoli is a superfood even among these healthy choices.

Since your brain uses so much fuel (it’s only 3% of your body weight but uses up to 17% of your energy), it is more vulnerable to free-radical damage and antioxidants help eliminate this threat.

Broccoli is packed full of antioxidants, is well-known as a powerful cancer fighter and is also full of vitamin K, which is known to enhance cognitive function.

5. Foods Rich in Essential Fatty Acids

Your brain is the fattest organ (not counting the skin) in the human body, and is composed of 60% fat. That means that your brain needs essential fatty acids like DHA and EPA to repair and build up synapses associated with memory.

The body does not naturally produce essential fatty acids so we must get them in our diet.


Eggs, flax, and oily fish like salmon, sardines, mackerel and herring are great natural sources of these powerful fatty acids. Eggs also contain choline, which is a necessary building block for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, to help you recall information and concentrate.

6. Soy

Soy, along with many other whole foods mentioned here, are full of proteins that trigger neurotransmitters associated with memory.

Soy protein isolate is a concentrated form of the protein that can be found in powder, liquid, or supplement form.

Soy is valuable for improving memory and mental flexibility, so pour soy milk over your cereal and enjoy the benefits.

7. Dark chocolate

When it comes to chocolate, the darker the better. Try to aim for at least 70% cocoa. This yummy desert is rich in flavanol antioxidants which increase blood flow to the brain and shield brain cells from aging.

Take a look at this article if you want to know more benefits of dark chocolate:

15 Surprising and Science-Backed Health Effects of Dark Chocolate

8. Foods Rich in Vitamins: B vitamins, Folic Acid, Iron

Some great foods to obtain brain-boosting B vitamins, folic acid and iron are kale, chard, spinach and other dark leafy greens.


B6, B12 and folic acid can reduce levels of homocysteine in the blood. Homocysteine increases are found in patients with cognitive impairment like Alzheimer’s, and high risk of stroke.

Studies showed when a group of elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment were given high doses of B6, B12, and folic acid, there was significant reduction in brain shrinkage compared to a similar placebo group.[3]

Other sources of B vitamins are liver, eggs, soybeans, lentils and green beans. Iron also helps accelerate brain function by carrying oxygen. If your brain doesn’t get enough oxygen, it can slow down and people can experience difficulty concentrating, diminished intellect, and a shorter attention span.

To get more iron in your diet, eat lean meats, beans, and iron-fortified cereals. Vitamin C helps in iron absorption, so don’t forget the fruits!

9. Foods Rich in Zinc

Zinc has constantly demonstrated its importance as a powerful nutrient in memory building and thinking. This mineral regulates communications between neurons and the hippocampus.

Zinc is deposited within nerve cells, with the highest concentrations found in the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for higher learning function and memory.

Some great sources of zinc are pumpkin seeds, liver, nuts, and peas.

10. Gingko biloba

This herb has been utilized for centuries in eastern culture and is best known for its memory boosting brawn.


It can increase blood flow in the brain by dilating vessels, increasing oxygen supply and removing free radicals.

However, don’t expect results overnight: this may take a few weeks to build up in your system before you see improvements.

11. Green and black tea

Studies have shown that both green and black tea prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine—a key chemical involved in memory and lacking in Alzheimer’s patients.

Both teas appear to have the same affect on Alzheimer’s disease as many drugs utilized to combat the illness, but green tea wins out as its affects last a full week versus black tea which only lasts the day.

Find out more about green tea here:

11 Health Benefits of Green Tea (+ How to Drink It for Maximum Benefits)

12. Sage and Rosemary

Both of these powerful herbs have been shown to increase memory and mental clarity, and alleviate mental fatigue in studies.

Try to enjoy these savory herbs in your favorite dishes.

When it comes to mental magnitude, eating smart can really make you smarter. Try to implement more of these readily available nutrients and see just how brainy you can be!

Featured photo credit: Pexels via


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