Precision and planning are the key stepping stones when you are planning to take a loan for your new start up or for business expansion. Different banks will have a different set of criteria and each banks’ requirements will vary. Also, while business loans are unsecured loans by nature, some financial institutions might ask you to provide some sort of collateral from your end as a guarantee. There are numerous business loans available in the market and these business loans can be used for different reasons such as purchasing equipments, vehicles or building inventory, among other things.
Just having a brilliant business idea will not help you go all the way. Your ideas will need adequate capital for successful execution. Often many startups fail to gain traction within the early years owing to the lack of financing. So, here are a few tips and pointers to help you boost your chances of getting that much-needed business loan sanctioned.
1. Prepare a business plan
The way you envision your business taking shape is the key to getting a business loan successfully. Every financial institution will ask you to submit a business plan to gain insight into how you want your business to grow and thrive. Work on creating an attractive business plan, which will capture the interest of banks. Your business plan must reflect the confidence and faith you have in taking your business forward. Emphasize on the components of your business you wish to improve upon and what are the measures you are taking or will be taking to achieve successful execution. The purpose of the loan should be clearly elucidated.
However, it is not necessary for your business plan to be very elaborate. Your plan can be lean, crisp and short but complete with all the necessary business details along with a summarization of the company, a financial model, what your company envisages, products, the team, and how you plan to utilize the loan amount.
2. Ensure your paperwork is in place
The importance of having your paperwork in place cannot be stressed upon adequately. If you do not have proper documentation in place, the bank can deny you the loan. This fact holds true no matter whether you are applying for a personal loan for medical expenses or a business loan to expand your manufacturing operations. It is imperative that your documents are accurate and true to facts. All your supporting documents have to be spot on, as the banks seek strong security for the loan meted out. If the bank needs collateral, you need to furnish documents that will prove your ownership of the assets you are showing as collateral. If you are showing your own property as collateral, you need to endorse your ownership over the property with the title deed, tax receipts, and possession certificate among other documents. Documents supporting your personal identity like passport, driver’s license, phone bill, PAN card etc. will be needed. Also, if the bank requires a guarantor, you will need to provide the required documents for the guarantor as well.
If the bank needs collateral, you need to furnish documents that will prove your ownership of the assets you are showing as collateral. If you are showing your own property as collateral, you need to endorse your ownership over the property with the title deed, tax receipts, and possession certificate among other documents. Documents supporting your personal identity like passport, driver’s license, phone bill, PAN card etc. will be needed. Also, if the bank requires a guarantor, you will need to provide the required documents for the guarantor as well.
In order to gauge your creditworthiness, banks will require all documents related to your credit history, whether personal or professional. So be prepared to furnish your bank statements over the previous years.
Also, some other important business documents include SSI registration, Board resolution, project report, power allocation, credit information report, IT and ST returns for 2 years, partnership deed if your company is run in partnership etc.
3. Check the eligibility for business loans
As part of your preliminary research, you must check the eligibility criteria for applying for business loans, so that you can plan your business expansion in advance. Although the eligibility criteria vary from bank to bank, here are a few basic ones:
- You should own the business
- You should be aged between 21 years and 65 years
- The business should be 3 years old in the least
- The annual turnover of your business should be $75000
- The minimum profit per annum should be at least $3000
- ITR statements for the past 3 years are needed
4. Be confident of the collateral
As stated above, all banks do not require collaterals, as business loans are largely unsecured by nature. However, you must be prepared in advance when you are preparing to approach banks for business loans. Do you something tangible to show as collateral? Will it be adequate security for the loan you are seeking? Do you have all the documents in place to endorse the collateral? Have you calculated the value of the collateral? Is the collateral worth the risk? These are a few questions you need to answer before going ahead with the application for your business loan.
5. Ensure that all your business statements are reviewed
One of the essential pointers for acquiring a business loan is to make sure that whatever documents you are providing have no loopholes in them. One of the most important documents is the balance sheet.
The balance sheet enlists your latest assets, capital and liabilities. Hence your profit and loss statements over the last three years are crucial. Be systematic with keeping records. Just to be confident with your papers, and if required get your statements checked by an analyst or a chartered accountant to ensure they are sound and error-free. It is especially important to get your statements audited if the scale of your business is larger.
6. Assess the needs of your business and seek finance accordingly
As an entrepreneur, you must have the foresight to judge your business needs. If the loan you are seeking is to meet short-term business goals, you can seek alternate financing options. Study the financing options in front of you. Assess and compare the interest rates offered and choose accordingly.
7. Judge your capacity to repay the loan
Before you decide on the amount of loan you need, you must judge your capacity to repay the loan. Talk to a financial consultant if required and learn how much your EMI will be and assess your repayment capability in accordance with it. Remember banks will only loan money to individuals or companies who have a good credit history and will not default on the EMI.
Alternately, you can use an EMI calculator to find out the exact EMI you will need to repay. Chalk your business plan in accordance with it. If required, take small steps. Take small loans to meet specific goals and repay them comfortably to ensure a steady pace of business growth rather than taking an excessive burden and putting your creditworthiness at risk.
8. Shop around to choose the best bank
The bank or financial institution you choose to take the loan from is of extreme significance. Hence do not be hasty with your decision when choosing the bank. Extensive research is crucial. Study the interest rates offered by different banks and the tenure.
Also, if you have friends who have taken loans from various institutions, talk to them about their experiences when shopping for business loans. Know more about the goodwill of the institutions you have zeroed in upon and then read up on their guidelines and policies so that you know what to expect and what to say when you approach them. When you do your homework, it will surely add to your confidence when you present your business proposal.
While the bank will check your personal credit history for ensuring the security of the loan meted out, it might also need information relating to your insurance policies, banks need to be assured that if anything were to happen to the key partners, the loan will be repaid timely.
This is especially checked for new organizations, which are more dependent on the founders and are not steady yet. So etch your business plan accordingly so that the banks find no loopholes.
10. Assess other financing options
With the rise in business startups all over the world, there is no dearth of loan options for fresh entrepreneurs. When you are stepping into the business loan market, you will see that there are is a myriad of options before you. You do not necessarily have to approach a bank or NBFCs for a loan. There is peer to peer lending that has recently been gaining traction.
There are several private organizations that specifically cater to the startup companies which seek financing. Private and individual lenders are also feasible options. However, it is better that you learn about the credibility of theses lenders before taking the plunge. Use your time efficiently to get hold of the best deals for your business needs.
Preparing a business plan and approaching financial institutions for a loan is not an easy task. It takes a lot of foresight to learn the needs of the hour and prepare a business plan that will capture the interest of banks as a project worth putting their money into. Be smart and crisp, and trim any unnecessary costs to present a plan that cannot be turned down by lenders