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What Your Selfies Reveal About Your Psyche

What Your Selfies Reveal About Your Psyche

The duck face, ugly lip face and no makeup selfie have all been social media trends at one time or another. I am certain that I have participated in a few similar image sharing rituals myself. Dare I mention the time I took a drunk selfie and plastered it all over Facebook?

I am not so sure my family or colleagues were too happy about that either.

Selfies can reveal a great deal

“What selfies unmask about our real personality is shocking.” says Linda Roy, support worker on arousr.com who gets about a thousand selfies to review each and ever day. I thought I had seen just about everything, and then along comes another crazy trend to outdo the last one.

According to Williams and Marquez, co-authors of “The Lonely Selfie King: Selfies and the Conspicuous Presumption of Gender and Race,” a research paper from Texas A&M University, “It’s no secret that taking selfies has become part of the social media phenomenon.” Many psychologists believe that the photos an individual chooses to take can also reveal a great deal.

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  • Individuals such as celebrities who take them without makeup are likely to be confident in their looks.
  • People who take a huge amount of photos of themselves tend to be narcissistic.
  • People who shy away from the mere mention of a selfie may be harboring a deep sense of self-loathing.
  • “Dic Pics” are indicative of a person trying to ascertain power and dominance over the receiver. That explains a lot!

While these points may seem obvious, there just might be more to this selfie story than it meets the eye.

It’s only a selfie – the new ego

The social messages behind selfies are considered part of normal social behavior. However, it is a kind of blind acceptance based entirely on the large number of them. Really, we have no choice. Either we go along with the crowd or get lost in the shuffle. It isn’t who is producing them but rather who is reacting to them that actually determines trends.

When a person posts a selfie, they will be rewarded through likes, approvals and in some cases rejections. This may actually be the motivation for people who post more selfies than others. They are seeking approval or disapproval of projected cultural, gender, and sexual norms. What motivates the people to like or dislike them also plays a huge part in this fame game. Their motivations are purely narcissistic in nature. In some ways, it is a socially acceptable way of being judge, jury, and executioner.

This also explains why some people don’t like to post selfies. They fear rejection. Therefore, it can be assumed that confident people are the ones most likely posting selfies. I can hear the sounds of “Material Girl” playing in the background as I read these words.

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Establishing one’s own self-identity and social identity

These explanations go beyond sociopathic and narcissistic behaviors, though. There is another important reason as well. Social media is a forum for establishing one’s own self-identity and social identity.

Establishing who we are as individuals is based primarily on how people see us in the social media sphere.

For each individual, selfies convey a message about their racial identity, sexual orientation, masculinity or femininity, and the rituals they partake in.

In this context, it is seen as a form of performance art and self-expression. This has two outcomes.

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  1. The art reflects the norms of the culture in which the “performer” is embedded. By continually participating in this ritual, the performer becomes accepted into this culture.
  2. Contributing to this set of rules and norms means they are shifting the norms of gender, sex, and race and forcing others to blindly accept them.

How often a person produces selfies plays a role in determining whether someone is narcissistic or not. How do you put a number on it? How much is too much?  This has yet to be determined. But it is actually quite high. Some individuals post upwards of 20-30 selfies a day.  Yes, Virginia, this is a bit excessive!

In 2015, Guntuki, Qiu, Lin, and Jakhetiya (other researchers) viewed the posting of a selfie as a type of self-portrait. This self-portrait depicted the poster’s wishes of how they wanted to be perceived by the viewer. Whether that happens or not depends solely on the viewer. You cannot make someone think or feel how you want them too. Doing so is simply an egotist approach to art.

“I think it’s pretentious to create art just for the sake of stroking the artist’s ego” – Lou Reed

The people behind the camera

These researchers ran an experiment to see if a computer model could guess the personality of the poster based on visual cues in the photos. The experiment used several categories and indicators or physical markers to make their predictions. The study found significant correlations between various visual indicators and a number of personality traits.

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  • Photos that showed emotional positivity predicted the agreeableness of the person.
  • A smile is indicative of mutual acceptance.
  • Using the duck face predicted neuroticism. Who knew the duck face could say so much?
  • Conscientiousness was predicted by being in a public location when the selfie was taken.
  • The amount of openness of the individual was indicated by eye contact with the camera.
  • Nude selfies paint a completely different picture. They are not indicative of person’s desire to engage in sexual activity but rather his or her performance capabilities. A mating ritual of sorts.

The research clearly shows that selfies contain a wealth of visual information. Do you want that information to be used to determine your worth? Imagine what can be done with this information? This is a potential marketing strategy of the future (if that hasn’t already taken place)

No one knows for sure what will become of the selfie but one thing is for certain, they can be used to study how people judge others.

Other works cited: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/linqiu/publications/ACM2015.pdf

More by this author

Madeline Foster

Free Lance Writer

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Last Updated on September 18, 2020

How to Improve Memory: 7 Natural (and Highly Effective) Ways

How to Improve Memory: 7 Natural (and Highly Effective) Ways

Memory plays an integral role in our lives, both in the short and long term. If you’re wondering how to improve memory, I’m here to tell you that there are natural and effective ways to do so.

Despite what you might think, improving your ability to recall information is certainly possible. You just need to know the right ways to do it.

Let’s dive straight into the first of seven easy ways to improve memory efficiently and reduce the risk of memory loss.

1. Meditate

We live in a world of non-stop, 24/7 information. It’s like a waterfall that’s endlessly pouring news, data, facts, and figures into our conscious minds.

Unfortunately, our brains are not designed to absorb this tremendous amount of information. It’s no wonder, then, that most people struggle to remember information and recall things.

Even if you believe you have a good memory and are comfortable with multi-tasking, you’ll also be aware that there’s only so much information your brain can process at one time. Research suggests that the more information and distractions you receive, the harder it is for you to transfer information to your long-term memory[1].

Fortunately, meditation can help.

Even if you just meditate for 10 minutes per day, you’ll boost your ability to focus, which, in turn, will make it easier for you to remember important facts.

While any amount of meditation will do something to help your memory, one study pointed out that “8 but not 4 weeks of brief, daily meditation decreased negative mood state and enhanced attention, working memory, and recognition memory as well as decreased state anxiety scores”[2].

Therefore, if you’re looking for the most benefits, try sticking with a meditation practice for at least 8 weeks.

However, meditation doesn’t just have to be closing your eyes and sitting in a lotus position. Some people prefer to simply take a short walk in nature. This clears and calms their mind, and still provides the all-important boost to their focus.

2. Get Plenty of Sleep

If you’re sleep deprived or have not been sleeping well, then it’s likely that you’re not able to remember well either. This is because sleep and memory are intimately connected.

If you have a busy life and regularly find yourself not getting enough sleep, then this will negatively impact your cognitive abilities, including your memory.

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If you want to learn how to improve memory, how much sleep should you be getting?

Well, according to the National Sleep Foundation[3], you need a minimum of seven to nine hours of sleep per night. If you get this amount of sleep regularly, then within just a few days, you’ll see a tangible improvement to your ability to remember and recall things[4].

If you want to improve memory, get plenty of sleep.

    Maintaining a proper sleep cycle is not always easy (especially when the latest Netflix series has just been released!), but if you care about improving your long and short term memory, then it’s critical that you try to get at least the recommended amount of sleep every night.

    Try these three things to naturally improve your sleep cycle:

    • Have a fixed bedtime (preferably before 10pm)
    • Don’t eat too late
    • Make sure your bedroom is as dark as possible

    Sleeping is a precious activity. It regenerates your body, clears your mind, and helps with the storing and retrieval of information.

    However, don’t sleep just yet, as I want to tell you about another great way to increase memory.

    3. Challenge Your Brain

    When was the last time you challenged your brain?

    I don’t mean challenged in the sense of overeating or under-sleeping. I’m referring to stretching your mental capabilities through things like crossword puzzles, Sudoku, and memory games.

    To expand your memory bank, and to make your recall razor-sharp, you need to continually challenge your brain.

    Feedback from Lifehack readers such as yourself has suggested that brain training apps are a super-effective way of doing this. Used regularly, these apps can enhance your focus, attention span, problem-solving ability, and memory.

    There are hundreds of these apps available (most of them for free), but I recommend starting out with one of the big three:

    • Peak (Android/iOS, free, 10 million+ downloads)
    • Lumosity (Android/iOS, free, 10 million+ downloads)
    • Elevate (Android/iOS, free, 5 million+ downloads)

    If you normally spend a chunk of your week playing computer games, then instead of shooting and killing your enemies, why not let some of them live while you put your attention into boosting your brain power!

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    Challenging your brain will strengthen your neural pathways and enhance your mental abilities. But don’t just take my word for it; try one of the apps above and see the positive benefits for yourself.

    4. Take More Breaks

    When I think back to my days as a budding entrepreneur, I distinctly remember working all the hours under the sun—and many under the moon, too!

    At that time, I believed that breaks were for the weak, and to become wealthy and successful, I needed to shed blood, sweat, and tears.

    However, if you want to know how to improve memory, taking regular breaks is the best way to keep yourself productive, creative, and alive to opportunities. It’s also the best way to learn new information.

    Typically, when studying lots of new information, most people will spend hours reading it in an attempt to learn and remember the content as quickly as possible. Unfortunately, they’ve overlooked something.

    One 2011 study from the University of Illinois concluded that “the brain is built to detect and respond to change…and prolonged attention to a single task actually hinders performance”[5].

    This is based on something called the “vigilance decrement.” This can be applied to many things. For example, we often don’t notice the feeling of clothing touch our bodies because our brain becomes accustomed to the sensation. However, if you change clothes, you’ll likely notice the difference in texture and temperature for a few minutes.

    When you take a break from memorizing information, it refocuses your attention and energy, leading to increased focus overall.

    It’s similar to physical exercise. You wouldn’t attempt to train vigorously for four hours in a row. Instead, you’d take regular breaks to give your lungs, heart, and muscles adequate time to recover. Failing to do this will result in muscle cramps and overexertion.

    Basically, make sure you take regular breaks when learning new information. I recommend at least a 10-minute break every hour. (You may also want to take a look at the Pomodoro Method.)

    5. Learn a New Skill

    I love this quote, as it’s 100% true but frequently overlooked:

    “Learning never exhausts the mind.” -Leonardo da Vinci

    From my experience of helping to develop the careers of dozens of Lifehack employees, I can definitively say that participating in meaningful and purposeful activities stimulates the mind. It also reduces stress and enhances health and well-being.

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    Let me give you an example of this:

    Imagine you work for a global financial institution in one of their call centers. You take over 100 calls a day, many of them complaints. When you started the job a few months back, you were excited to be in full-time employment and working for a household name.

    Unfortunately, your initial enthusiasm quickly turned into frustration.

    The endless complaint calls began to take their toll on you. And the supervisors irritated you too, as they were far too interested in micro-managing you rather than letting you work in your own way.

    Now, in the story above, the ending could be that you put up with a job you didn’t like and led a dull and frustrated working life for years and years. However, an alternative ending is this: you channeled your dissatisfaction into learning a new skill (computer coding).

    It took you a year or two to get up to speed, but it allowed you to successfully upgrade your career, and the ongoing learning made the call center job much more bearable.

    Clearly, learning new skills gives you impetus, focus, and something to aim for. Your brain loves to learn, and you should tap into this by always seeking out new information. When learning becomes a habit, you’ll find your ability to remember and recall things effortlessly becomes a habit, too.

    If you want to know how to learn something new every day, check out this article.

    6. Start Working out

    If you’re not already working out regularly, then here’s another reason to do so:

    Exercising for 20-30 minutes three times a week will improve your long-term memory[6].

    Regular physical activities increase blood flow in your body and supplies the brain with extra oxygen and nutrients. A well-nourished brain is a well-functioning brain!

    Even if you don’t have much time, research has shown that a daily burst of 60 seconds of high-intensity exercise offered many of the benefits of the longer exercise routines[7].

    Interested in getting started?

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    Here are five different ways that will help you work out:

    • Join a gym
    • Join a sports team
    • Buy a bike
    • Take up hiking
    • Dance to your favorite music

    7. Eat Healthier Foods

    I’m sure you’ve heard the expression: “You are what you eat.”

    This applies to your brain, too.

    The food that you eat helps determine your brain’s capacity to store and recall information. A poor diet (think junk food + soda!) harms not just your physical health, but your mental health, as well.

    Fortunately, there are several foods that are especially good for your brain and your memory. These include: blueberries, celery, and dark chocolate. But any fruits, vegetables, or foods high in antioxidants will have a positive effect on your brain and memory. Here’re some ideas: 15 Brain Foods That Will Super Boost Your Brain Power

    Conversely, highly-processed foods and those loaded with sugar will have a negative impact on your memory. This is due to them providing insufficient nutrients for your brain, leading you to easily suffer from mental fatigue.

    If you want to improve your mental health, eat and drink an abundance of these for brain health:

    • Turmeric – Helps new brain cells grown
    • Broccoli – Protects the brain against damage
    • Nuts – Improves memory
    • Green tea – Enhances brain performance, memory and focus[8]
    • Fish oilFish oil supplements can increase your brain power

    Here’re more brain food options that improve memory!

    Also, remember that your brain is about 75% water, so dehydration can have a huge effect on the way your brain functions. Stay hydrated if you really want to improve memory!

    Final Thoughts

    I sincerely hope these seven memory boosting ways that I’ve covered in this article will be helpful for you.

    You don’t need to implement them all, but you can try out the ones that appeal to you.

    But, if you’re serious about dramatically improving your memory and avoiding cognitive decline, then make a start right now on adopting one or more of the ways I’ve suggested.

    More on How to Improve Memory

    Featured photo credit: Eric Ward via unsplash.com

    Reference

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