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Healthcare Phobia, and 3 Ways to Overcome it

Healthcare Phobia, and 3 Ways to Overcome it

Keeping in check with proper healthcare is vital to long lasting good health. Yet fear and phobia of healthcare is quite common among many people. Whether it’s a yearly routine check-up with your general practitioner, a regular dental check-up, or going in for an examination on any abnormal symptoms that have just been discovered, it’s important to overcome this phobia and make it a point to visit your doctor to prevent a long-term future illness.

Unfortunately, healthcare phobia, or the correct medical term ‘Tomophobia’, is a common anxiety disorder, and sufferers of this disorder fear seeking much needed medical attention. This fear will delay treatment of perhaps a serious or life threatening condition. As a result, their condition could worsen.

This delay in treatment will increase stress and in turn further increase their symptoms resulting in a negative cycle. Studies have shown that stress releases a hormone called cortisol, and with prolonged stress this increase of cortisol will suppress the production of certain cells called Lymphatic-t cells, and NK cells which fight against diseases such as cancer, and will weaken your immune system.

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According to ‘The Psychology of Health and Healthcare’, (Poole, Matheson, Cox, 2012) there are various levels of delay between acknowledging that something is medically wrong and actually seeking medical attention.

The ‘appraisal delay‘ occurs in the time it takes to realize what they are experiencing is a symptom.  The ‘illness delay‘ is the time they take to acknowledge they are ill and deciding to seek medical heathcare. The ‘behavioural delay‘ is the time it takes to actually make the call to their doctor’s office, and the ‘medical delay‘ is the time period the patient must wait for their first appointment.

Studies have found those suffering from personal problems, those who believe they cannot be cured, and those who have lived with the symptom for a long period of time, have the highest rate of delay in seeking required care. While noting this, it’s also very important not to ignore those long-term symptoms…. as they need to be examined, especially if it’s been long-term.

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In fact, many people will seek medical advice on their newer symptoms but ignore older ones due to the fact that they have had them for so long. Does that by chance sound familiar?

Another obstacle preventing patients from treatment is ‘Adherence to Medical Advice‘. For example, they’ve visited their medical practitioner, but for various reasons did not follow through with the medical advice given, or they have altered that advice to fit in with their own plans or schedule. Not following medical advice is quite common and another obstacle in prevention treatment.

Most of the time, these delays are a result of Tomophobia, and this phobia has recently been acknowledged as a disorder. The following forms of treatment are now available.

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1. Hypnosis and Systematic Desensitization

This is used to treat dental phobia, and works well in alleviating fear of the unknown. The patient will imagine the scenario through this systematic desensitization, and thus have a greater comfort level going into their appointment. This form of hypnosis can be successful in teaching the patient to transport themselves to a more meditative state during the procedure.

2. Self Injection Anxiety Therapy (SIAS)

Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia‘ is a classified psychological disorder that includes intense fear of blood, injury, needle injection and invasive medical procedures. SIAS has been found to be very successful in relieving some of the anxiety with relaxation techniques during an easy introduction to the tip of a needle.

3. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

This form of therapy helps with these phobias as it focuses on a new and more appropriate thought process. The patients are asked to question their own maladaptive thinking and to challenge their negative thoughts, replacing them with new and more productive thoughts. This can be beneficial in the long-term because once the new thought process takes over and replaces the old one, it usually lasts.

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Seeking medical attention when you first discover a new symptom and following the exact instructions of your healthcare provider will benefit your health greatly in the prevention of a possible illness. If you can relate to any of the examples in this article then these treatments could help you improve your own personal healthcare routine, and in turn could improve your lifestyle and even possibly extend life longevity!

Featured photo credit: Brogan & Partners via flickr.com

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Kathleen Lum

Freelance Writer

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Last Updated on October 29, 2018

What Causes Brain Fog? (7 Things You Can Do to Prevent and Stop It)

What Causes Brain Fog? (7 Things You Can Do to Prevent and Stop It)

Brain fog is more of a symptom than a medical condition itself, but this doesn’t mean it should be ignored. Brain fog is a cognitive dysfunction, which can lead to memory problems, lack of mental clarity and an inability to focus.

Many often excuse brain fog for a bad day, or get so used to it that they ignore it. Unfortunately, when brain fog is ignored it ends up interfering with work and school. The reason many ignore it is because they aren’t fully aware of what causes it and how to deal with it.

It’s important to remember that if your brain doesn’t function fully — nothing else in your life will. Most people have days where they can’t seem to concentrate or forget where they put their keys.

It’s very normal to have days where you can’t think clearly, but if you’re experiencing these things on a daily basis, then you’re probably dealing with brain fog for a specific reason.

So what causes brain fog? It can be caused by a string of things, so we’ve made a list things that causes brain fog and how to prevent it and how to stop it.

1. Stress

It’s no surprise that we’ll find stress at the top of the list. Most people are aware of the dangers of stress. It can increase blood pressure, trigger depression and make us sick as it weakens our immune system.

Another symptom is mental fatigue. When you’re stressed your brain can’t function at its best. It gets harder to think and focus, which makes you stress even more.

Stress can be prevented by following some simple steps. If you’re feeling stressed you should avoid caffeine, alcohol and nicotine — even though it may feel like it helps in the moment. Two other important steps are to indulge in more physical activities and to talk to someone about it.

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Besides that, you can consider keeping a stress diary, try relaxation techniques like mediation, getting more sleep and maybe a new approach to time management.

2. Diet

Most people know that the right or wrong diet can make them gain or loss weight, but not enough people think about the big impact a specific diet can have on one’s health even if it might be healthy.

One of the most common vitamin deficiencies is vitamin B12 deficiency and especially vegans can be get hid by brain fog, because their diet often lacks the vitamin B-12. The vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to mental and neurological disorders.

The scary thing is that almost 40 % of adults are estimated to lack B12 in their diet. B12 is found in animal products, which is why many vegans are in B12 deficiency, but this doesn’t mean that people need animal products to prevent the B12 deficiency. B12 can be taken as a supplement, which will make the problem go away.

Another vital vitamin that can cause brain fog is vitamin D. More than 1 billion people worldwide don’t have enough vitamin D in their diet. Alongside B12 and vitamin D is omega-3, which because of its fatty acids helps the brain function and concentrate. Luckily, both vitamin D and omega-3 can be taken as supplements.

Then there’s of course also the obvious unhealthy foods like sugar. Refined carbohydrates like sugar will send your blood sugar levels up, and then send you right back down. This will lead to brain fog, because your brain uses glucose as its main source of fuel and once you start playing around with your brain — it gets confused.

Besides being hit by brain fog, you’ll also experience tiredness, mood swings and mental confusion. So, if you want to have clear mind, then stay away from sugar.

Sometimes the same type of diet can be right for some and wrong for others. If you’re experiencing brain fog it’s a good idea to seek out your doctor or a nutritionist. They can take some tests and help you figure out which type of diet works best for your health, or find out if you’re lacking something specific in your diet.

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3. Allergies

If you have food allergies, or are simply a bit sensitive to specific foods, then eating those foods can lead to brain fog. Look out for dairy, peanuts and aspartame that are known to have a bad effect on the brain.

Most people get their calories from corn, soy and wheat — and big surprise — these foods are some of the most common foods people are allergic to. If you’re in doubt, then you can look up food allergies[1] and find some of the most common symptoms.

If you’re unsure about being allergic or sensitive, then you can start out by cutting out a specific food from your diet for a week or two. If the brain fog disappears, then you’re most likely allergic or sensitive to this food. The symptoms will usually go away after a week or two once you remove the trigger food from the diet.

If you still unsure, then you should seek out the help of your doctor.

4. Lack of sleep

All of us know we need sleep to function, but it’s different for everybody how much sleep they need. A few people can actually function on as little as 3-4 hours of sleep every night, but these people are very, very rare.

Most people need 8 to 9 hours of sleep. If you don’t get the sleep you need, then this will interfere with your brain and you may experience brain fog.

Instead of skipping a few hours of sleep to get ahead of things you need to do, you’ll end up taking away productive hours from your day, because you won’t be able to concentrate and your thoughts will be cloudy.

Many people have trouble sleeping but you can help improve your sleep by a following a few simple steps.

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There is the 4-7-8 Breathing Exercise, which is a technique that regulates your breath and helps you fall asleep faster. Another well-known technique is to avoid bright lights before you go to sleep.

A lot of us are guilty of falling asleep with the TV on or with our phone right by us, but the blue lights from these screens suppresses the production of melatonin in our bodies, which actually makes us stay awake longer instead. If you’re having trouble going to sleep without doing something before you close your eyes, then try taking up reading instead.

If you want to feel more energized throughout the day, start doing this.

5. Hormonal changes

Brain fog can be triggered by hormonal changes. Whenever your levels of progesterone and estrogen increases, you may experience short-term cognitive impairment and your memory can get bad.

If you’re pregnant or going through menopause, then you shouldn’t worry too much if your mind suddenly starts to get a bit cloudy. Focus on keeping a good diet, getting enough of sleep and the brain fog should pass once you’re back to normal.

6. Medication

If you’re on some medication, then it’s very normal to start experiencing some brain fog.

You may start to forget things that you used to be able to remember, or you get easily confused. Maybe you can’t concentrate the same way that you used to. All of these things can be very scary, but you shouldn’t worry too much about it.

Brain fog is a very normal side effect of drugs, but by lowering your dosage or switching over to another drug; the side effect can’t often be improved and maybe even completely removed.

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7. Medical condition

Brain fog can often be a symptom of a medical condition. Medical conditions that include inflammation, fatigue, changes in blood glucose level are known to cause brain fog.

Conditions like chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, anemia, depression, diabetes, migraines, hypothyroidism, Sjögren syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, Lupus and dehydration can all cause brain fog.[2]

The bottom line

If you haven’t been diagnosed, then never start browsing around Google for the conditions and the symptoms. Once you start looking for it; it’s very easy to (wrongfully) self-diagnose.

Take a step back, put away the laptop and relax. If you’re worried about being sick, then always check in with your doctor and take it from there.

Remember, the list of things that can cause brain fog is long and it can be something as simple as the wrong diet or not enough sleep.

Featured photo credit: Asdrubal luna via unsplash.com

Reference

[1]Food Allergy: Common Allergens
[2]HealthLine: 6 Possible Causes of Brain Fog

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