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Is Drinking a Lot of Water Good For You?

Is Drinking a Lot of Water Good For You?

There is a common belief that drinking an excessive amount of water is somehow good for the human body.

Many claim that increasing our intake of water can lead to all sorts of health benefits including increased fat burning, less appetite, more energy, etc. But, what does the actual science say about that?

Is there any real benefit to drinking more water than the plain old thirst commands? Or are we just wasting our effort filling and refilling those water bottles all the time? (not to mention having to pee every hour of the day)

First of All, How Much is Too Much?

Before I continue, I should clarify what “a lot of water” means. “A lot of water” implies drinking many glasses of water per day, despite not being thirsty. People who do this often carry water bottles with them everywhere they go, and go to the bathroom to pee all the time.

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There is such a thing as “too much water”, which is water intake to the extent that it becomes dangerous. If you drink an insane amount, like in a water drinking contest (very stupid), you may go into a condition known as water intoxication, which can be deadly. The body’s cells need a constant balance of various electrolytes (salts). When you pee and sweat, some electrolytes tend to get out along with the water. Athletes that drink a lot of water to replace intense sweating, without replenishing the body’s salts, may dilute their body fluids. This can mess up the electrolyte balance and cause a condition known as hyponatremia, which can also be deadly.

Therefore, it is important to get in some electrolytes (salts) along with your water if you exercise intensely and sweat a lot. Some sports drinks include the necessary electrolytes to replace what is lost through sweat. But given that you are not participating in a water drinking contest (you’re smarter than that, anyway), and that you make sure to replace massive sweating with both water and electrolytes, then drinking a lot of water is completely safe.

Water and Cognitive Function

Drinking a lot of water isn’t going to make you smarter, but there is a tiny bit of evidence to show that a mild dehydration can slightly impair mental function.

25 healthy women were dehydrated by means of either exercise or diuretics. On average, they lost a little over 1% of their body mass. The women who were dehydrated had an increased perception of task difficulty, less focus, more symptoms of headache, and a degraded mood compared to controls. Thus, it does seem like a good idea to make sure you do not get dehydrated, and take note that 1% of body mass is a very mild dehydration.

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If you do feel a little blue at times, then perhaps you’re only a few glasses of water away from feeling your best again.

Water Intake and Bladder Cancer

There was one large-scale prospective study performed on 47.909 health professionals. This study found water intake to be inversely associated with cancer of the urinary bladder, with those who drank 6 or more (1440ml+) cups per day half as likely to get bladder cancer than those drinking less than 1 cup per day (-240ml).

In fact, the authors noted that each additional cup (240ml) lowered the risk by 7%. However, other studies found no protective effect against bladder cancer by drinking more water.

Water and Colorectal Cancer

Several studies show a significant protective effect of water intake against colorectal cancer, which is both common and deadly. In fact it is the third most common cause of cancer death.

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These studies show a risk reduction as high as 30-60%, but in some cases they are not statistically significant so they should be taken with a grain of salt.

Fluid Intake and Urinary Health

There is some evidence that drinking plenty of water might reduce chances of recurrence in patients who have been previously diagnosed and treated with kidney stones.

Water as a fat burning beverage

An observational study of 5.783 Chinese adults found that water intake was inversely associated with energy density of the diet, total energy intake and overweight status. Another study in 24 lean women found out that those who ate liquid food (soup) ate a lot less than those who had the same amount of food in solid form. However, eating the solid food with a glass of water on the side had no effect.

I’d like to point out, that despite water with a meal slightly increasing satiety, there is no indication that this would lead to weight loss in the long term, as there are so many other factors at play. There is, however, a small chance that if you stay well hydrated throughout the day, you won’t feel as hungry and won’t eat as much.

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If you really want to dig into the whole science behind water intake and health, then I recommend you take a look at this paper (12 – PDF).

Conclusion

In fact, if you don’t drink water for a few days, you will die. If you’re thirsty, water is the way to go. It is clean, calorie free, contains no additives and it’s really the only thing adult humans and pre-humans have been drinking for the last millions of years.

Elderly people may need to consciously make sure to drink water throughout the day as their brain may start to underestimate their required intake. That being said, I do not see any reason why it would be a good idea for young, healthy people to drink a lot more water than what thirst commands. The mechanism in our brain that controls water balance is incredibly efficient.

A common recommendation is eight 8 ounce glasses of water per day (the 8×8 rule). According to the studies above, 5 glasses might be enough. Make sure you don’t get dehydrated, drink 5 glasses of water throughout the day (especially with meals), but definitely increase your intake of water preferably alkaline water before, during, and after workouts to keep ultra-hydrated and to reduce the accumulation of acidity in your exercising muscles for a better workout intensity and recovery time. This less acidic water is available both in bottles and thru specialized machines.

All in all, there doesn’t seem to be any reason to carry a water bottle around all day and drink so much that you have to pee all the time except, of course, when exercising. If you’ve got all that covered, then you have nothing to worry about.

Featured photo credit: pixabay via pixabay.com

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Last Updated on July 10, 2020

How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

We all have them—those hurtful, frustrating, offensive, manipulative people in our lives. No matter how hard we try to surround ourselves with positive and kind people, there will always be those who will disrespect, insult, berate, and misuse you if we allow them to.

We may, for a variety of reasons, not be able to avoid them, but we can determine how we interact with them and how we allow them to interact with us.

So, how to take control of your life and stop being pushed around?

Learning to set clear firm boundaries with the people in our lives at work and in our personal lives is the best way to protect ourselves from the negative effects of this kind of behavior.

What Boundaries Are (And What They’re Not)

Boundaries are limits

—they are not threats or ultimatums. Boundaries inform or teach. They are not a form of punishment.

Boundaries are firm lines—determined by you—which cannot be crossed by those around you. They are guidelines for how you will allow others to treat you and what kind of behaviors you will expect.

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Healthy personal boundaries help protect you from physical or emotional pain. You may also need to set firm boundaries at work to ensure you and your time are not disrespected. Don’t allow others to take advantage of your kindness and generosity.

Clear boundaries communicate to others that you demand respect and consideration—that you are willing to stand up for yourself and that you will not be a doormat for anyone. They are a “no trespassing” sign that makes it very clear when a line has been crossed and that there will be consequences for doing so.

Boundaries are not set with the intention of changing other people. They may change how people interact with you, but they are more about enforcing your needs than attempting to change the general behavior and attitude of others.

How to Establish Boundaries and Take Control of Your Life

Here are some ways that you can establish boundaries and take control of your life.

1. Self-Awareness Comes First

Before you can establish boundaries with others, you first need to understand what your needs are.

You are entitled to respect. You have the right to protect yourself from inappropriate or offensive behavior. Setting boundaries is a way of honoring your needs.

To set appropriate boundaries, you need to be clear about what healthy behaviors look like—what healthy relationships look like.

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You first have to become more aware of your feelings and honest with yourself about your expectations and what you feel is appropriate behavior:

  • Where do you need to establish better boundaries?
  • When do you feel disrespected?
  • When do you feel violated, frustrated, or angered by the behavior of others?
  • In what situations do you feel you are being mistreated or taken advantage of?
  • When do you want to be alone?
  • How much space do you need?

You need to honor your own needs and boundaries before you can expect others to honor them. This allows you to take control of your life.

2. Clear Communication Is Essential

Inform others clearly and directly what your expectations are. It is essential to have clear communication if you want others to respect your boundaries. Explain in an honest and respectful tone what you find offensive or unacceptable.

Many people simply aren’t aware that they are behaving inappropriately. They may never have been taught proper manners or consideration for others.

3. Be Specific but Don’t Blame

Taking a blaming or punishing attitude automatically puts people on the defensive. People will not listen when they feel attacked. It’s part of human nature.

That said, you do not need to overexplain or defend yourself. Boundaries are not open to compromise.

Sample language:

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  • “You may not…yell or raise your voice to me…”
  • “I need…to be treated with respect…”
  • “It’s not okay when…you take things from my desk without asking…”
  • “I won’t…do your work…cover for you anymore…”
  • “It’s not acceptable when…you ridicule or insult me…”
  • “I am uncomfortable when…you use offensive language”
  • “I will no longer be able to…lend you money…”

Being able to communicate these without sounding accusatory is essential if you want others to respect your boundaries so you can take control of your life.

4. Consequences Are Often Necessary

Determine what the appropriate consequences will be when boundaries are crossed. If it’s appropriate, be clear about those consequences upfront when communicating those boundaries to others.

Follow through. People won’t respect your boundaries if you don’t enforce them.

Standing our ground and forcing consequences doesn’t come easily to us. We want to be nice. We want people to like us, but we shouldn’t have to trade our self-respect to gain friends or to achieve success.

We may be tempted to let minor disrespect slide to avoid conflict, but as the familiar saying goes, “if you give people an inch, they’ll take a mile.”

It’s much easier to address offensive or inappropriate behavior now than to wait until that behavior has gotten completely out of hand.

It’s also important to remember that positive reinforcement is even more powerful than negative consequences. When people do alter the way they treat you, acknowledge it. Let people know that you notice and appreciate their efforts.

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Final Thoughts

Respect is always a valid reason for setting a boundary. Don’t defend yourself or your needs. Boundaries are often necessary to protect your time, your space, and your feelings. And these are essential if you want to take control of your life.

Start with the easiest boundaries first. Setting boundaries is a skill that needs to be practiced. Enlist support from others if necessary. Inform people immediately when they have crossed the line.

Don’t wait. Communicate politely and directly. Be clear about the consequences and follow them through.

The better you become at setting your own boundaries, the better you become at recognizing and respecting the boundaries of others.

Remember that establishing boundaries is your right. You are entitled to respect. You can’t control how other people behave, but you do have control over the way you allow people to treat you.

Learning to set boundaries is not always easy, but with time, it will become more comfortable. You may eventually find that boundaries become automatic and you no longer need to consciously set them.

They will simply become a natural extension of your self-respect.

Featured photo credit: Thomas Kelley via unsplash.com

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