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Apples That Will Never Turn Brown Are About To Hit The Market

Apples That Will Never Turn Brown Are About To Hit The Market

Apples that won’t turn brown when sliced are about to hit the market.

How is this possible?

First, we should understand what happens to a standard apple when you slab it and leave it.

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When you slice an apple, you let oxygen reach the plant tissue. Once oxygen impacts the cells, it starts some chemical reactions that oxidize the apple. This process is known as enzymatic browning and also occurs in other fruits and vegetables like bananas & potatoes. You can find a more detailed explanation here.

The idea is to produce apples that won’t become brown. For your understanding let’s go through why these apples won’t turn brown.

Why doesn’t a GMO apple turn brown?

Through genetic modification, engineers insert extra copies of genes that the apple already has. When these extra genes are added, the apple reacts by locking all of its normally functioning activities, and stops itself from producing the enzyme that causes the browning reaction.

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It sounds easy and clean, but this kind of manipulation (RNA Interference) causes a lot of unexpected and unintended side effects.

Genetic engineering (RNA interference)

As we just mentioned, in order to modify an apple, we manipulate what is known as the RNA interference.

RNA interference limits transcript levels in the apple by either suppressing transcription or by beginning a sequence-specific RNA degeneration method. For a full understanding, you should check this out. However, these methods of manipulation are those that have the unintended side effects for the plant and also on the organisms that eat it. Why? Well logically speaking, browning is an essential sign to consumers in deciding how fresh a plant is. If we suppress and hide the signs of nature we use to identify the state of a plant, consumers (whether in the wild or at your local store) will fall into the trap of eating something that looks fresh and edible, but is in fact not even close.

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One of the best-known side-effects of GMO crops is the “herbicide tolerance” they often develop. The genetically modified crop, whichever kind it is, learns to resist normal levels of pesticide the farmers usually spray. In reaction to the crops’ new resistance, farmers increase the levels of pesticide they normally use in order to counter the problem. What we end up with is not only environmental contamination, but also a HUGE amount of toxic residue on our fresh produce. This all ends up inside of us and in other organisms.

Additionally, you should know that food allergies have skyrocketed since 1996, curiously just after GMOs were introduced. Click the link to read more about GMO risks.

Gene modification is not specific, precise, or predictable

We don’t entirely understand how genes work. How could we guarantee that RNA interference has no life threatening side effects? Every scientist knows that any gene can generate more than one protein, and that injecting a gene anywhere in a plant can produce rogue proteins.

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It’s been twenty years since genetically engineered crops have appeared in your local store, however studies on how they impact human beings are only just now beginning!

Finally, we are in severe risk of making major biological pollution. How can we avoid massive contamination?

Please take a few minutes to imagine this scenario: Somewhere, a crop exists with these kinds of modified fruits or veggies. Birds who eat the plants in one field, fly and release its seeds in the field of a different area, eventually spreading this half-baked recipe for disaster. When the soil used to raise GMO crops become contaminated, that is another risk we take in poisoning our own water. It is impossible to isolate the poison exclusively to the fields we grow GMO crops in, and also claim that we can avoid the risk of contaminating our water, animals, insects, and human beings in the process.

If you enjoyed this article and want to do something about GMO crops, then click here to take some action!

Featured photo credit: Arctic® Apple 24 Hour Time-Lapse via i.ytimg.com

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Carlos Alberto Romay

Freelance Writer

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Last Updated on June 13, 2019

5 Fixes For Common Sleep Issues All Couples Deal With

5 Fixes For Common Sleep Issues All Couples Deal With

Sleeping next to your partner can be a satisfying experience and is typically seen as the mark of a stable, healthy home life. However, many more people struggle to share a bed with their partner than typically let on. Sleeping beside someone can decrease your sleep quality which negatively affects your life. Maybe you are light sleepers and you wake each other up throughout the night. Maybe one has a loud snoring habit that’s keeping the other awake. Maybe one is always crawling into bed in the early hours of the morning while the other likes to go to bed at 10 p.m.

You don’t have to feel ashamed of finding it difficult to sleep with your partner and you also don’t have to give up entirely on it. Common problems can be addressed with simple solutions such as an additional pillow. Here are five fixes for common sleep issues that couples deal with.

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1. Use a bigger mattress to sleep through movement

It can be difficult to sleep through your partner’s tossing and turning all night, particularly if they have to get in and out of bed. Waking up multiple times in one night can leave you frustrated and exhausted. The solution may be a switch to a bigger mattress or a mattress that minimizes movement.

Look for a mattress that allows enough space so that your partner can move around without impacting you or consider a mattress made for two sleepers like the Sleep Number bed.[1] This bed allows each person to choose their own firmness level. It also minimizes any disturbances their partner might feel. A foam mattress like the kind featured in advertisements where someone jumps on a bed with an unspilled glass of wine will help minimize the impact of your partner’s movements.[2]

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2. Communicate about scheduling conflicts

If one of you is a night owl and the other an early riser, bedtime can become a source of conflict. It’s hard for a light sleeper to be jostled by their partner coming to bed four hours after them. Talk to your partner about negotiating some compromises. If you’re finding it difficult to agree on a bedtime, negotiate with your partner. Don’t come to bed before or after a certain time, giving the early bird a chance to fully fall asleep before the other comes in. Consider giving the night owl an eye mask to allow them to stay in bed while their partner gets up to start the day.

3. Don’t bring your technology to bed

If one partner likes bringing devices to bed and the other partner doesn’t, there’s very little compromise to be found. Science is pretty unanimous on the fact that screens can cause harm to a healthy sleeper. Both partners should agree on a time to keep technology out of the bedroom or turn screens off. This will prevent both partners from having their sleep interrupted and can help you power down after a long day.

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4. White noise and changing positions can silence snoring

A snoring partner can be one of the most difficult things to sleep through. Snoring tends to be position-specific so many doctors recommend switching positions to stop the snoring. Rather than sleeping on your back doctors recommend turning onto your side. Changing positions can cut down on noise and breathing difficulties for any snorer. Using a white noise fan, or sound machine can also help soften the impact of loud snoring and keep both partners undisturbed.

5. Use two blankets if one’s a blanket hog

If you’ve got a blanket hog in your bed don’t fight it, get another blanket. This solution fixes any issues between two partners and their comforter. There’s no rule that you have to sleep under the same blanket. Separate covers can also cut down on tossing and turning making it a multi-useful adaptation.

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Rather than giving up entirely on sharing a bed with your partner, try one of these techniques to improve your sleeping habits. Sleeping in separate beds can be a normal part of a healthy home life, but compromise can go a long way toward creating harmony in a shared bed.

Featured photo credit: Becca Tapert via unsplash.com

Reference

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