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Apples That Will Never Turn Brown Are About To Hit The Market

Apples That Will Never Turn Brown Are About To Hit The Market

Apples that won’t turn brown when sliced are about to hit the market.

How is this possible?

First, we should understand what happens to a standard apple when you slab it and leave it.

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When you slice an apple, you let oxygen reach the plant tissue. Once oxygen impacts the cells, it starts some chemical reactions that oxidize the apple. This process is known as enzymatic browning and also occurs in other fruits and vegetables like bananas & potatoes. You can find a more detailed explanation here.

The idea is to produce apples that won’t become brown. For your understanding let’s go through why these apples won’t turn brown.

Why doesn’t a GMO apple turn brown?

Through genetic modification, engineers insert extra copies of genes that the apple already has. When these extra genes are added, the apple reacts by locking all of its normally functioning activities, and stops itself from producing the enzyme that causes the browning reaction.

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It sounds easy and clean, but this kind of manipulation (RNA Interference) causes a lot of unexpected and unintended side effects.

Genetic engineering (RNA interference)

As we just mentioned, in order to modify an apple, we manipulate what is known as the RNA interference.

RNA interference limits transcript levels in the apple by either suppressing transcription or by beginning a sequence-specific RNA degeneration method. For a full understanding, you should check this out. However, these methods of manipulation are those that have the unintended side effects for the plant and also on the organisms that eat it. Why? Well logically speaking, browning is an essential sign to consumers in deciding how fresh a plant is. If we suppress and hide the signs of nature we use to identify the state of a plant, consumers (whether in the wild or at your local store) will fall into the trap of eating something that looks fresh and edible, but is in fact not even close.

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One of the best-known side-effects of GMO crops is the “herbicide tolerance” they often develop. The genetically modified crop, whichever kind it is, learns to resist normal levels of pesticide the farmers usually spray. In reaction to the crops’ new resistance, farmers increase the levels of pesticide they normally use in order to counter the problem. What we end up with is not only environmental contamination, but also a HUGE amount of toxic residue on our fresh produce. This all ends up inside of us and in other organisms.

Additionally, you should know that food allergies have skyrocketed since 1996, curiously just after GMOs were introduced. Click the link to read more about GMO risks.

Gene modification is not specific, precise, or predictable

We don’t entirely understand how genes work. How could we guarantee that RNA interference has no life threatening side effects? Every scientist knows that any gene can generate more than one protein, and that injecting a gene anywhere in a plant can produce rogue proteins.

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It’s been twenty years since genetically engineered crops have appeared in your local store, however studies on how they impact human beings are only just now beginning!

Finally, we are in severe risk of making major biological pollution. How can we avoid massive contamination?

Please take a few minutes to imagine this scenario: Somewhere, a crop exists with these kinds of modified fruits or veggies. Birds who eat the plants in one field, fly and release its seeds in the field of a different area, eventually spreading this half-baked recipe for disaster. When the soil used to raise GMO crops become contaminated, that is another risk we take in poisoning our own water. It is impossible to isolate the poison exclusively to the fields we grow GMO crops in, and also claim that we can avoid the risk of contaminating our water, animals, insects, and human beings in the process.

If you enjoyed this article and want to do something about GMO crops, then click here to take some action!

Featured photo credit: Arctic® Apple 24 Hour Time-Lapse via i.ytimg.com

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Carlos Alberto Romay

Freelance Writer

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Last Updated on March 13, 2019

How to Get out of a Rut: 12 Useful Ways to Get Unstuck

How to Get out of a Rut: 12 Useful Ways to Get Unstuck

Have you gotten into a rut before? Or are you in a rut right now?

You know you’re in a rut when you run out of ideas and inspiration. I personally see a rut as a productivity vacuum. It might very well be a reason why you aren’t getting results. Even as you spend more time on your work, you can’t seem to get anything constructive done. While I’m normally productive, I get into occasional ruts (especially when I’ve been working back-to-back without rest). During those times, I can spend an entire day in front of the computer and get nothing done. It can be quite frustrating.

Over time, I have tried and found several methods that are helpful to pull me out of a rut. If you experience ruts too, whether as a working professional, a writer, a blogger, a student or other work, you will find these useful. Here are 12 of my personal tips to get out of ruts:

1. Work on the small tasks.

When you are in a rut, tackle it by starting small. Clear away your smaller tasks which have been piling up. Reply to your emails, organize your documents, declutter your work space, and reply to private messages.

Whenever I finish doing that, I generate a positive momentum which I bring forward to my work.

2. Take a break from your work desk.

Get yourself away from your desk and go take a walk. Go to the washroom, walk around the office, go out and get a snack.

Your mind is too bogged down and needs some airing. Sometimes I get new ideas right after I walk away from my computer.

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3. Upgrade yourself

Take the down time to upgrade yourself. Go to a seminar. Read up on new materials (#7). Pick up a new language. Or any of the 42 ways here to improve yourself.

The modern computer uses different typefaces because Steve Jobs dropped in on a calligraphy class back in college. How’s that for inspiration?

4. Talk to a friend.

Talk to someone and get your mind off work for a while.

Talk about anything, from casual chatting to a deep conversation about something you really care about. You will be surprised at how the short encounter can be rejuvenating in its own way.

5. Forget about trying to be perfect.

If you are in a rut, the last thing you want to do is step on your own toes with perfectionist tendencies.

Just start small. Do what you can, at your own pace. Let yourself make mistakes.

Soon, a little trickle of inspiration will come. And then it’ll build up with more trickles. Before you know it, you have a whole stream of ideas.

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6. Paint a vision to work towards.

If you are continuously getting in a rut with your work, maybe there’s no vision inspiring you to move forward.

Think about why you are doing this, and what you are doing it for. What is the end vision in mind?

Make it as vivid as possible. Make sure it’s a vision that inspires you and use that to trigger you to action.

7. Read a book (or blog).

The things we read are like food to our brain. If you are out of ideas, it’s time to feed your brain with great materials.

Here’s a list of 40 books you can start off with. Stock your browser with only the feeds of high quality blogs, such as Lifehack.org, DumbLittleMan, Seth Godin’s Blog, Tim Ferris’ Blog, Zen Habits or The Personal Excellence Blog.

Check out the best selling books; those are generally packed with great wisdom.

8. Have a quick nap.

If you are at home, take a quick nap for about 20-30 minutes. This clears up your mind and gives you a quick boost. Nothing quite like starting off on a fresh start after catching up on sleep.

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9. Remember why you are doing this.

Sometimes we lose sight of why we do what we do, and after a while we become jaded. A quick refresher on why you even started on this project will help.

What were you thinking when you thought of doing this? Retrace your thoughts back to that moment. Recall why you are doing this. Then reconnect with your muse.

10. Find some competition.

Nothing quite like healthy competition to spur us forward. If you are out of ideas, then check up on what people are doing in your space.

Colleagues at work, competitors in the industry, competitors’ products and websites, networking conventions.. you get the drill.

11. Go exercise.

Since you are not making headway at work, might as well spend the time shaping yourself up.

Sometimes we work so much that we neglect our health and fitness. Go jog, swim, cycle, whichever exercise you prefer.

As you improve your physical health, your mental health will improve, too. The different facets of ourselves are all interlinked.

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Here’re 15 Tips to Restart the Exercise Habit (and How to Keep It).

12. Take a good break.

Ruts are usually signs that you have been working too long and too hard. It’s time to get a break.

Beyond the quick tips above, arrange for a 1-day or 2-days of break from your work. Don’t check your (work) emails or do anything work-related. Relax and do your favorite activities. You will return to your work recharged and ready to start.

Contrary to popular belief, the world will not end from taking a break from your work. In fact, you will be much more ready to make an impact after proper rest. My best ideas and inspiration always hit me whenever I’m away from my work.

Take a look at this to learn the importance of rest: The Importance of Scheduling Downtime

More Resources About Getting out of a Rut

Featured photo credit: Joshua Earle via unsplash.com

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