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Apples That Will Never Turn Brown Are About To Hit The Market

Apples That Will Never Turn Brown Are About To Hit The Market

Apples that won’t turn brown when sliced are about to hit the market.

How is this possible?

First, we should understand what happens to a standard apple when you slab it and leave it.

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When you slice an apple, you let oxygen reach the plant tissue. Once oxygen impacts the cells, it starts some chemical reactions that oxidize the apple. This process is known as enzymatic browning and also occurs in other fruits and vegetables like bananas & potatoes. You can find a more detailed explanation here.

The idea is to produce apples that won’t become brown. For your understanding let’s go through why these apples won’t turn brown.

Why doesn’t a GMO apple turn brown?

Through genetic modification, engineers insert extra copies of genes that the apple already has. When these extra genes are added, the apple reacts by locking all of its normally functioning activities, and stops itself from producing the enzyme that causes the browning reaction.

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It sounds easy and clean, but this kind of manipulation (RNA Interference) causes a lot of unexpected and unintended side effects.

Genetic engineering (RNA interference)

As we just mentioned, in order to modify an apple, we manipulate what is known as the RNA interference.

RNA interference limits transcript levels in the apple by either suppressing transcription or by beginning a sequence-specific RNA degeneration method. For a full understanding, you should check this out. However, these methods of manipulation are those that have the unintended side effects for the plant and also on the organisms that eat it. Why? Well logically speaking, browning is an essential sign to consumers in deciding how fresh a plant is. If we suppress and hide the signs of nature we use to identify the state of a plant, consumers (whether in the wild or at your local store) will fall into the trap of eating something that looks fresh and edible, but is in fact not even close.

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One of the best-known side-effects of GMO crops is the “herbicide tolerance” they often develop. The genetically modified crop, whichever kind it is, learns to resist normal levels of pesticide the farmers usually spray. In reaction to the crops’ new resistance, farmers increase the levels of pesticide they normally use in order to counter the problem. What we end up with is not only environmental contamination, but also a HUGE amount of toxic residue on our fresh produce. This all ends up inside of us and in other organisms.

Additionally, you should know that food allergies have skyrocketed since 1996, curiously just after GMOs were introduced. Click the link to read more about GMO risks.

Gene modification is not specific, precise, or predictable

We don’t entirely understand how genes work. How could we guarantee that RNA interference has no life threatening side effects? Every scientist knows that any gene can generate more than one protein, and that injecting a gene anywhere in a plant can produce rogue proteins.

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It’s been twenty years since genetically engineered crops have appeared in your local store, however studies on how they impact human beings are only just now beginning!

Finally, we are in severe risk of making major biological pollution. How can we avoid massive contamination?

Please take a few minutes to imagine this scenario: Somewhere, a crop exists with these kinds of modified fruits or veggies. Birds who eat the plants in one field, fly and release its seeds in the field of a different area, eventually spreading this half-baked recipe for disaster. When the soil used to raise GMO crops become contaminated, that is another risk we take in poisoning our own water. It is impossible to isolate the poison exclusively to the fields we grow GMO crops in, and also claim that we can avoid the risk of contaminating our water, animals, insects, and human beings in the process.

If you enjoyed this article and want to do something about GMO crops, then click here to take some action!

Featured photo credit: Arctic® Apple 24 Hour Time-Lapse via i.ytimg.com

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Carlos Alberto Romay

Freelance Writer

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Last Updated on August 20, 2018

35 Anniversary Ideas to Bring You Closer Together

35 Anniversary Ideas to Bring You Closer Together

Every mature relationship has had a less-than-memorable anniversary. Maybe one of you forgot, or both of you got busy with work, kids, family issues, or something else. Whatever happened, the day came and went without fanfare. And neither of you seemed to notice or much care.

But for the health of any relationship, it’s important to make important days feel special. Anniversaries offer the wonderful opportunity to relive beautiful memories, practice gratefulness for your partner, and to show your love and strengthen your bond. Make this year’s anniversary with your significant other something special  — one that will bring you closer together.

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The best way to create a memorable anniversary is to do something new and different together as a couple. Stretch yourselves a bit.

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While boredom can silently kill a relationship, new experiences reinforce the shared bond you already have and create strong new memories. Just think back to the most significant memories you have right now with your spouse and imagine what new ones you can create!

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While you enjoy your chosen anniversary activity, be sure to keep a positive attitude and make your partner happy too on that day. Leave all arguments and day to day detail behind. Just celebrate your relationship. Whether you’re going to spend the day together at home, getting away, or having a wild and crazy new experience together, you can have your best anniversary yet!

If You’re Staying In

  1. Spend an evening with no technology, just the two of you and maybe a board game. It’s hard to keep ourselves away from our computers and smartphones long enough to have a meaningful conversation. Make a rule not to use your tech and you’ll rekindle your relationship!
  2. Make wine or beer together. If you enjoy drinking together, this is a fun activity to try together. Just remember to buy the necessary equipment ahead of time.
  3. Learn something new about each other. With an open mind, try asking some of the New York Times’ 36 questions that lead to love. They’ll help spark intimacy and will lead to some really honest moments.
  4. Have a lazy day. Breakfasts in bed, spend all day in bed talking and napping. Follow breakfast with champagne and dessert! If you feel like getting more active, cook together or play some games. Here’re some simple breakfast ideas for you.
    • Learn to dance at home. This is best for those active couples who work out together and also enjoy learning something new together. Just go on Youtube to find any music with dance tutorials and learn together.
    • Visit model homes or open houses and plan your dream home.
    • Have a special dessert – champagne and chocolate covered strawberries. Having an unusual treat makes a day feel extra special. If you want to make the dessert really special, try these tasty dessert recipes.
    • Create a playlist of your favorite songs as a couple. Choose songs that tell your story, and songs that you bonded over throughout your relationships. Here’re some love songs ideas for your inspirations.
      • Write your love story. Write it together or ave each of you write your own and then bring them together in an interesting, both sides of the story format.
      • Get a fondue pot. Fondue is a fun way to enjoy melted cheeses (for savory items) and melted chocolate (for sweeter treats).
      • Decorate! Turn your home into a dressed-up french cottage, a sophisticated restaurant, or simply with flowers. The different ambience will immediately change the feel of your home and make it feel like a staycation.
        • Talk about the future together. It might sound simple and everyday, but imagining how you want to spend your retirement together, or planning future trips can be exciting and romantic.

        If You Want to Get Away

        1. Take a day trip together to your favorite spot. If you live in a city, it can be incredibly refreshing to get away for an afternoon and drink in the outdoors.
        2. Go on a scenic drive and stop at a wine and cheese bar. Or, if you’re lucky enough to have lots of options where you live, try a brewpub. There are tons of small craft breweries with fantastic food options too.
        3. Go camping. Relatively affordable and, if the weather’s right, beautiful and romantic.
          • Take an overnight backpacking trip. For the more adventurous couples, backpacking is an even more intense way to challenge yourself physically while becoming one with nature.
          • Take a wine tasting tour. If you live on the West Coast or in the Northeast, take a drive to the nearest winery. Many offer relatively inexpensive tastings and deals if you purchase a certain amount.
          • Take a scenic train trip. Taking the train means less stress traveling: nobody has to drive, you don’t have to stop for breaks every few hours, and you can sleep if you need to!
          • Save up for a destination vacation. What better time than your anniversary to enjoy the beach at a beautiful resort?
          • Explore a new city. Whether you’re on a budget or have a lot saved up, you can have a great time just exploring an unfamiliar town.
          • Rent a cabin for a weekend away, in the woods or next to a lake or ocean. If you like the outdoors but can only take so much nature, try glamping.
            • Go on a retreat. Yoga retreats, meditation retreats, beautiful natural surroundings … they’re all the rage. Search for centeredness and calm with your partner.
            • Spend a day at a food festival. Many cities have fun and affordable food festivals, occasionally based on a theme. Check out your town’s (or a nearby city) calendar for inspiration!

            New & Exciting Experiences

            1. Go spelunking. Dark, damp, and utterly exciting!
            2. Go on a hot air balloon ride. Because the basket is relatively small, this can be a romantic and deeply personal – and yet thrilling –
              experience.
              • Try sky diving. If you and you S.O. are real thrill-seekers, sky diving can really push you to the edge!
              • Explore the underwater world by snorkeling or scuba diving. This may take you far away from where you normally live and work, which is an added bonus.
              • Experience white water rafting.
              • Drive or hike to the highest spot nearby for a new view of the world. America has tons of beautiful mountains where challenging hikes (or drives) can deliver breathtaking views.
              • Take a craft or cooking class. Up your craft skills or food  making skills, and enjoy something new!
                • Take a wine and painting class today. These classes are easily found these days and even a beginning painter can create a nice painting. Challenging but relaxing, fun, and you get to go home with some artwork!
                • Learn to salsa dance. Dancing is a fantastic way to actively get closer and coordinate physically with one another.
                  • Visit a nearby festival you’ve always wanted to go to. Have fun and let go with fellow audience-members!
                  • Spend the day at an amusement park together. Laugh and carry on like teenagers.
                  • Meet new people! At a restaurant, concert, or class, make it a point to meet new friends. Striking up conversation with someone you don’t know – but with whom you have shared interests – can be an adventurous and rewarding experience.

                  Whether your budget is big or small, and whether you have a little or a ton of time together, focus on each other. There are tons of options, in terms of location, level of physical activity, and cost. You can make the day special in a way that’s right for you!

                  Featured photo credit: Photo by Taylor L. Spurgeon on Unsplash via unsplash.com

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