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5 Money Mistakes Parents of Special Needs Kids Make

5 Money Mistakes Parents of Special Needs Kids Make

Children with special needs require a lot of attention and care, so parents need to be extra careful when planning their future so as not to make any plans that will put their child in jeopardy or have a serious, long-lasting effect on the child.

In some instances, when the child grows, he or she may not be able to qualify for vital benefits from the federal government or the parents might die without making monetary provisions for the child. This article is centered on parents of special needs kids and the mistakes they make when planning their estates.

1. Disinheriting the Child

When children with special needs reach adulthood, they tend to rely on the federal government to help with their fundamental needs like food and shelter. This is often done through federal means-tested programs (a program in which the recipient’s financial resources determines the eligibility) like Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Medicaid.

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Parents are often advised to disinherit their child to enable them to qualify for the federal programs. This advice is not really the best for a special needs child because these federal programs offer very low finances. A special needs child may not be able to work to get additional money to help out like their counterparts who do not have special needs.

It is more advisable for the parents to open a Special Needs Trust (Supplemental Needs Trust) for their child. The parents can put money in the trust for their child without any risk of disqualifying the child from benefitting from federal programs.

Other family members or well-wishers can also leave money in the trust or set up another one. Also, if the parents die or become impaired, the child’s trust will be able to support the child.

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A Special Needs Trust needs to be set up by an experienced attorney to avoid complications. It is important not to do it on your own; an attorney can help you align your life insurance, retirement accounts, and other beneficiary accounts with the Special Needs Trust of your child.

2. Procrastinating

Parents need to plan in advance for a time when they’ll die or simply won’t be able to cater financially for their child. Since nobody knows what could happen tomorrow, the earlier we plan, the better we can secure our children financially. Parents who do not plan ahead could die and end up leaving their special needs children with no resources to maintain the standard of living they were used to. Especially for parents who own businesses or do freelance work, setting up automatic systems for taking care of business concerns needs to be done today, not tomorrow.

3. Not Making Your Planning a Team Effort

Parents cannot work alone when making an estate plan for a special needs child. The process is very complex and therefore requires the services of people experienced in special needs planning to make sure the plan goes well. They need an attorney with experience in special needs, a life insurance professional that will help plan the money needed to increase the benefits needed for the child, a CPA to prepare the tax return of the trust, an investment adviser to manage the finances so that the money in the trust fund will last for the whole of the child’s life, and also any other advisers that may be able to help in the success of the trust.

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4. Ignoring the Particular Needs of a Special Needs Child

Plans that are focused on the particular needs of a special needs child have to be made. If the planning doesn’t meet their needs, the child will not qualify for government benefits. Setting up a proper Special Needs Trust will satisfy the child’s needs and also allow the child to be eligible for benefits. The trust must satisfy a lot of needs, like medical bills, annual check-ups, any special equipment (like a specially equipped van), training, education, insurance, transport, and feeding.

A properly funded Trust will go much further in providing the child with electronic equipment, appliances, and computers, fund vacation trips for them, allow them to go to the cinema and have a good living situation, and provide many other things that a parent wishes for their child to improve their quality of life.

A generic or “form” special needs trust has very strict distribution policies, and so the child may not be exposed to some things that he or she would normally have enjoyed.

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5. Including a “Payback” Provision in the Trust

Payback in the trust means that if the child dies, any money remaining in the trust is given to the government and not the family. This payback clause is a mistake made by most parents. An experienced attorney can be employed to make sure that money left goes to the family instead of the government.

Featured photo credit: Visit St. Pete/Clearwater via flickr.com

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Last Updated on January 2, 2019

How Personal Finance Software Helps You Get More Out of Your Money

How Personal Finance Software Helps You Get More Out of Your Money

Do you know what mental health experts point to as the biggest cause of stress in the United States today? If you said “money,” then ding, ding, we have a winner!

Three out of four adults today report feeling stressed out about money at least part of the time. People are either worried about not having enough money or whether they’re putting the money they do have to use in the best possible way.

Your money is either in charge of you or you’re in charge of it, there’s no middle ground. Using some type of personal finance software can help alleviate some of that money stress and better allow you to manage your money effectively. Without it, you may just be setting yourself up for constant financial worry. Life is already tough enough and there’s no need to make it more difficult by simply hoping your money issues will all work out in your favor. Hint: they won’t.

This guide will help you to understand how personal finance software can better assist with both accomplishing long term financial goals and managing day-to-day aspects of life.

Whether it’s tracking the savings plan for your child’s college fund or making sure you won’t be in the red with the month’s grocery budget, personal finance software keeps all this information in one convenient place.

What Exactly is Personal Finance Software?

Think of it like the dashboard in your car. You have a speedometer to tell you how fast you’re going, an odometer to tell you how far you’ve traveled, and then other gauges to tell you things like how much gas is in the tank and your engine temperature. Personal finance software is essentially the same thing for your money.

When you install this software on your computer, tablet, or smartphone, it helps to track your money — how much is going in, how much is going out, and its growth. Most personal finance software programs will display your budget, spending, investments, bills, savings accounts, and even retirement plans, levels of debt, and credit score.

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How It Leads to Financial Improvement

It shouldn’t come as a surprise, but people who regularly monitor their finances end up wealthier than those who don’t. When you were a kid, keeping track of all of your money in a porcelain piggy bank was pretty easy. As we get older, though, our money becomes spread out across things like car payments, mortgages, retirement funds, taxes, and other investments and debts. All of these things make keeping track of our money a lot more complicated.

Some types of personal finance software can help make things a little less complicated, setting you up to meet financial goals and taking away some of the stress associated with money.

Even if you already have a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) some type of personal finance software can be of great benefit. Whereas CFPs focus on the big picture of your money, they don’t handle the day-to-day aspects that determine your overall financial health.

It’s also not nearly as complicated as you might think and can take out a lot of the tedium that comes with doing everything on an Excel spreadsheet or with a pad and pencil.

Types of Personal Finance Software

When it comes to personal finance software, it generally fits into two categories: tax preparation and money management.

Tax preparation software such as Turbo Tax and H&R Block’s software can help with everything from filing income taxes to IRS rules and regulations and even estate plans. Plus, there’s the benefit of filing online and getting your refund check a lot faster than if you were to mail off your forms after waiting in line at the post office.

For the purpose of this article, however, will be focusing more on the personal finance software that aids with money management.

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Money management personal finance software will help you to see the health of your cash flow, pay down debt, forecast for expenses and savings, track investments, pay bills, and do a host of other things that 30 years ago would have practically required a team of accountants.

When to Use Personal Finance Software

So far we’ve gone over what exactly personal finance software is and how it can be a benefit to your money. The next logical step in this whole equation is determining when it should be used and how is the best way to go about getting started using it.

Below are four of the most common and practical ways to use personal finance software. If all or any of these apply to you and your money, then downloading some type of personal finance software is going to be a smart move.

1. You Have Multiple Accounts

There’s a good chance that when it comes to your money, it’s in more than one place. Sure, you probably have a checking account, but you may also have a savings account, money market account, and retirement accounts such as an IRA or 401k.

If you’re like the average American, you probably have two to three credit cards as well. Fifty percent of Americans also don’t have loyalty to just one bank and spread their money across multiple banks.

Rather than spending hours typing in every detail of every account you have into a spreadsheet, many programs allow you to easily import your account information. This will help to eliminate any mistakes and give you a bird’s eye view of everything at once.

2. You Want to Automate Some or All of Your Payments

Please don’t say that you’re still writing out paper checks and dropping each bill in the mailbox. While it’s noble that you’re doing your part to keep postal workers employed, we’re 18 years into the 21st century and you can literally pay every bill online now.

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There’s no need to log into every account you have and type in your routing number either.

With personal finance software you can schedule automatic payments and transfers between all of your imported accounts. Automatic transfers will help to make sure you have the necessary funds in the right account to ensure all bills are paid on the appropriate date. Late fees are annoying and do nothing but cost you money. It’s time that you said goodbye to them once and for all.

3. You Need to Streamline Your Budget

Perhaps the best feature of personal finance software is that it allows you track everything going in and out of your virtual wallet.

Nearly every brand of personal finance software out there has easy-to-read graphs and charts that allow you track every cent you spend or earn, should you choose. You might be pretty amazed when you see just how much you spent on eating out last month or if you splurged a little more than you should have on Christmas gifts last year.

Every successful business on the planet has a budget and using personal finance software can help you trim the fat on your spending in ways that affect your everyday life.

4. You Have Specific Goals to Meet

Maybe it’s paying off debt or saving for up something like a European vacation. Whatever your financial goal is, whether it’s long-term or short-term, personal finance software programs are one of the savviest ways to go about reaching those goals.

You can do everything from set spending alerts to notify you when you’re over budget to automating what percentage of your paycheck goes to things like retirement investments. The personal finance software that you choose should show you exactly how close you are to hitting those goals at any given time.

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How to Get Started

From AceMoney to Mint and Quicken, there ’s no shortage of personal finance software apps out there. Many of these programs are free to download and will allow you to pay bills, invest, monitor your net worth and credit profile, and even get a loan with the swipe of a finger.

Other programs may only offer you limited services and will require a one-time fee or subscription to unlock all that they offer. These fees can often vary from as little as two dollars to 50 bucks a month.

It’s best to start off with the free version and then gauge whether you’re able to accomplish everything you’d like or if it’s worth exploring one of the paid options. Often times the subscription programs come with assistance from financial planning and investment experts — so that can be a real benefit.

When deciding which personal finance software program to use, it’s also important to look at how many accounts you wish to monitor. Certain programs limit the number of accounts you can add. Be sure that if you have checking, credit card, and investment accounts to monitor, that you choose a service that can monitor them all.

Finally, when looking around for the right personal finance software that meets your needs, make sure that you’re comfortable with the program’s interface. It shouldn’t be expected that you recognize every single feature instantly, but if the features don’t seem readable and manageable to you, then you’re not as likely to use it and get the full benefits.

Final Thoughts

Personal finance software can go a long way in helping you to take control of your money and meeting your financial goals. It’s important to note, however, that some focus more on budgeting and expense tracking while others prioritize investing portfolios and income taxes. Explore several different programs and read reviews to find the one that’s right for you.

In this day and age, managing one’s personal finances in a secure manner that allows the user to have a real-time visual representation of their money is easier than ever before. With the numerous applications that are out there — both free and subscription-based — there’s no reason that every person can’t take control of their money and ensure they’re making smart money moves.

Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

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