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Short-Term and Long-Term Investments: Which Is Right For You?

Short-Term and Long-Term Investments: Which Is Right For You?

Investing your hard-earned cash is inherently risky. However, the risks you take vary depending on a variety of factors – one of the most prominent being the length of time you wish to keep your money out of your pocket and in the stock market.

Before you invest your money, you should know and understand the risks involved with both short- and long-term investments.

Capital Gains

Capital gains are simply the income you earn from an investment. You find it by subtracting the amount invested from the amount you ended up with. If you invest $500 and cash out $600, you’ve made $100 in capital gains. When calculating capital gains, you don’t take other factors – such as taxable income – into consideration just yet. However, it’s beneficial to have a good idea of where you will stand once you do factor in taxes.

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Short-Term

Short-term investments are those which last less than a single year. Because they last for a short period of time, they often won’t earn you too much money – unless you’re working with short-term, high-yield investments. In exchange for smaller rewards, though, short-term investments are usually much less risky. Short-term investments are usually finite in that investors will set a goal for how much they want to earn, and will “cash out” once they hit their goal.

The capital gains from short-term investments are lumped in with the investor’s regular income – no matter how large or small these gains may be. When it comes to paying income tax, the gains you’ve made on investments may drastically affect what tax bracket you land in, and how much you owe.

Long-Term

Long-term investments, by definition, are those which last for at least one year – and can stay open for as long as the investor chooses. Since long-term investments require leaving the money you invested out of your own pocket for longer periods of time, they’re much more risky than their short-term counterparts. You’ll also usually reinvest your capital gains into your long-term investments, as well. However, the gains you receive once you decide to sell tend to be much greater.

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The capital gains from long-term investments stand alone as far as taxation is concerned. The money you make from them has no bearing whatsoever on your income tax.

Tax Rate

As previously mentioned, the amount you are taxed on investments depends on if you intend to invest for a short or long period of time. It’s incredibly important to keep this in mind when deciding how to invest your money, because the tax you’ll pay may drastically affect your bottom line, and making potentially large capital gains not worth the investment in the first place.

Short-Term

Because short-term investments are lumped in with the rest of the money you make in a year, there’s no specific tax rate for investments that last less than a year. However, the money you make on a short-term investment may actually end up costing you in the long run. For example, if you made $37,000 in 2016, your tax rate is 15% – owing roughly $5,550. However, if you make an extra $700 from a short-term investment, you’ll be pushed up into the 25% tax bracket – meaning you’ll owe $9,425. While a $700 up front gain might seem enticing, you’ll end up losing almost $3,500 in the process.

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Long-Term

On the other hand, since long-term investments aren’t lumped in with the rest of your income, it’s much easier to figure out how much you’ll owe in taxes on your capital gains. While the most you’ll pay is 20% of your investment capital, if you only make 15% profit on your investment, you won’t owe any tax at all. In exchange for a lower tax rate, though, you’ll be keeping your money “on the table” for a much longer period of time – meaning you’ll be risking it for longer.

Verdict

Short-Term

Short-term investments are good for a quick win, and allow you to take your money out immediately if you choose to do so. They’re the best option if you don’t want to become too involved with the market, and are positive you’ll quit as soon as you hit a specific dollar amount.

On the other hand, short-term investments may cause more harm than good if you’re on the cusp of a certain tax bracket. Unfortunately, this is considerably counterintuitive to the purpose of a short-term investment. Most newcomers to the stock market looking to make a “quick kill” are doing so because they need some extra income immediately, but the system is set up to discourage people from making such investments. If you’re going to make a short-term investment, make sure you have capital to invest that the gains you make are worth the extra taxes you’ll end up paying.

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Long-Term

Long-term investments have the potential to drastically increase your net worth, as long as you’re patient. If you keep your investment open for longer than a year, you won’t have to worry about being bumped up into a tax bracket that you can’t afford to be in. Additionally, if you happen to lose any of your capital over the course of your investment, you may be able to claim these losses come tax season.

However, it (obviously) takes longer to reap the rewards of a long-term investment. Long-term investments are those made with the understanding that you don’t need the money right away, and are willing to go without for some time while your investment capital grows. You’ll also have to patiently wait out any dips in the economy, during which your investment may decrease heavily in value.

As long as you can afford to lose the money you put in, long-term investments end up being the much smarter bet.

Featured photo credit: Investment / Simon Cunningham / Flickr via farm6.staticflickr.com

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Published on November 20, 2018

The Best Ways to Save Money Even Impulsive Spenders Can Get Behind

The Best Ways to Save Money Even Impulsive Spenders Can Get Behind

The truth is, there are many “money saving guides” online, but most don’t cover the root issue for not saving.

Once I’d discovered a few key factors that allowed me to save 10k in one year, I realized why most articles couldn’t help me. The problem is that even with the right strategies you can still fail to save money. You need to have the right systems in place and the right mindset.

In this guide, I’ll cover the best ways to save money — practical yet powerful steps you can take to start saving more. It won’t be easy but with hard work, I’m confident you’ll be able to save more money–even if you’re an impulsive spender.

Why Your Past Prevents You from Saving Money

Are you constantly thinking about your financial mistakes?

If so, these thoughts are holding you back from saving.

I get it, you wish you could go back in time to avoid your financial downfalls. But dwelling over your past will only rob you from your future. Instead, reflect on your mistakes and ask yourself what lessons you can learn from them.

It wasn’t easy for me to accept that I had accumulated thousands of dollars in credit card debt. Once I did, I started heading in the right direction. Embrace your past failures and use them as an opportunity to set new financial goals.

For example, after accepting that you’re thousands of dollars in debt create a plan to be debt free in a year or two. This way when you’ll be at peace even when you get negative thoughts about your finances. Now you can focus more time on saving and less on your past financial mistakes.

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How to Effortlessly Track Your Spending

Stop manually tracking your spending.

Leverage powerful analytic tools such as Personal Capital and these money management apps to do the work for you. This tool has worked for me and has kept me motivated to why I’m saving in the first place. Once you login to your Personal Capital dashboard, you’re able to view your net worth.

When I’d first signed up with Personal Capital, I had a negative net worth, but this motivated me to save more. With this tool, you can also view your spending patterns, expenses, and how much money you’re saving.

Use your net worth as your north star to saving more. Whenever you experience financial setbacks, view how far you’ve come along. Saving money is only half the battle, being consistent is the other half.

The Truth on Why You Keep Failing

Saving money isn’t sexy. If it was, wouldn’t everyone be doing it?

Some people are natural savers, but most are impulsive spenders. Instead of denying that you’re an impulsive spender, embrace it.

Don’t try to save 60 to 70% of your income if this means you’ll live a miserable life. Saving money isn’t a race but a marathon. You’re saving for retirement and for large purchases.

If you’re currently having a hard time saving, start spending more money on nice things. This may sound counterintuitive but hear me out. Wouldn’t it be better to save $200 each month for 12 months instead of $500 for 3 months?

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Most people run into trouble because they create budgets that set them up for failure. This system won’t work for those who are frugal, but chances are they don’t need help saving. This system is for those who can’t save money and need to be rewarded for their hard work.

Only because you’re buying nice things doesn’t mean that you’ll save less. Here are some rules you should have in place:

  1. Save more than 50% of your available money (after expenses)
  2. Only buy nice things after saving
  3. Automate your savings with automatic bank transfers

These are the same rules that helped me save thousands each year while buying the latest iPhone. Focus only on items that are important to you. Remember, you can afford anything but not everything.

How to Foolproof Yourself out of Debt

Personal finance is a game. On one end, you’re earning money; and on the to other, you’re saving. But what ends up counting in the end isn’t how much you earn but how much you save. Research shows that about 60% of Americans spend more than they save.[1]

So how can you separate yourself from the 60%?

By not accumulating more debt. This way you’ll have more money to save and avoid having more financial obligations. A great way to stop accumulating debt is using cash to pay for all your transactions.

This will be challenging, depending on how reliant you are with your credit card, but it’s worth the effort. Not only will you stop accruing debt, but you’ll also be more conscious with what you buy.

For example, you’ll think twice about purchasing a new $200 headphone despite having the cash to buy them. According to a poll conducted by The CreditCards.com, 5 out of 6 Americans are impulsive spenders.[2]

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Telling yourself that you’ll have the discipline to not buy things won’t cut it. This is equal to having junk food in your fridge while trying to eat healthy–it’s only a matter of time before you slip. By using cash to make your purchases, you’ll spend less and save more.

A Proven Formula to Skyrocket Your Savings

Having proven systems in place to help you save more is important, but they’re not the best way to save money.

You can search for dozens of ways to save money, but there’ll always be a limit. Instead of spending the majority of your effort saving, look for ways to increase your income. The truth is that once you have the right systems in place, saving is easy.

What’s challenging is earning more money. There are many routes you can take to achieve this. For example, you can work long and hard at your current job to earn a raise. But there’s one problem–you’re depending on someone else to give you a raise.

Your company will have to have the budget, and you’ll have to know how to toot your own horn to get this raise. This isn’t to say that earning a raise is impossible, but things are better when you’re in control right? That’s why building a side-hustle is the best way to increase your income.

Think of your side-hustle as a part-time job doing something you enjoy. You can sell items on eBay for a profit, or design websites for small businesses. Building a side-hustle will be on the hardest things you’ll do, be too stubborn to quit.

During the early stages, you won’t be making money and that’s okay. Since you already have a source of income, you won’t be dependent on your side-hustle to pay for your expenses. Depending on how much time you invest in your side-hustle, it can one day replace your current income.

Whatever route you take, focus more on earning and save as much as possible. You have more control than you give yourself credit for.

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Transform Yourself into a Saving Money Machine

Saving money isn’t complicated but it’s one of the hardest things you’ll do.

By learning from your mistakes and rewarding yourself after saving you’ll save more. What would you do with an extra $200 or $500 each month? To some, this is life-changing money that can improve the quality of their lives.

The truth is saving money is an art. Save too much and you’ll quit, but save too little and you’ll pay for the consequences in the future. Saving money takes effort and having the right systems in place.

Imagine if you’d started saving an extra $100 this next month? Or, saved $20K in one year? Although it’s hard to imagine, this can be your reality if you follow the principles covered in this guide.

Take a moment to brainstorm which goals you’d be able to reach if you had extra money each month. Use these goals as motivation to help you stay on track on your journey to saving more. If I was able to save thousands of dollars with little guidance, imagine what you’ll be able to do.

What are you waiting for? Go and start saving money, the sky is your limit.

Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

Reference

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