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Short-Term and Long-Term Investments: Which Is Right For You?

Short-Term and Long-Term Investments: Which Is Right For You?

Investing your hard-earned cash is inherently risky. However, the risks you take vary depending on a variety of factors – one of the most prominent being the length of time you wish to keep your money out of your pocket and in the stock market.

Before you invest your money, you should know and understand the risks involved with both short- and long-term investments.

Capital Gains

Capital gains are simply the income you earn from an investment. You find it by subtracting the amount invested from the amount you ended up with. If you invest $500 and cash out $600, you’ve made $100 in capital gains. When calculating capital gains, you don’t take other factors – such as taxable income – into consideration just yet. However, it’s beneficial to have a good idea of where you will stand once you do factor in taxes.

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Short-Term

Short-term investments are those which last less than a single year. Because they last for a short period of time, they often won’t earn you too much money – unless you’re working with short-term, high-yield investments. In exchange for smaller rewards, though, short-term investments are usually much less risky. Short-term investments are usually finite in that investors will set a goal for how much they want to earn, and will “cash out” once they hit their goal.

The capital gains from short-term investments are lumped in with the investor’s regular income – no matter how large or small these gains may be. When it comes to paying income tax, the gains you’ve made on investments may drastically affect what tax bracket you land in, and how much you owe.

Long-Term

Long-term investments, by definition, are those which last for at least one year – and can stay open for as long as the investor chooses. Since long-term investments require leaving the money you invested out of your own pocket for longer periods of time, they’re much more risky than their short-term counterparts. You’ll also usually reinvest your capital gains into your long-term investments, as well. However, the gains you receive once you decide to sell tend to be much greater.

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The capital gains from long-term investments stand alone as far as taxation is concerned. The money you make from them has no bearing whatsoever on your income tax.

Tax Rate

As previously mentioned, the amount you are taxed on investments depends on if you intend to invest for a short or long period of time. It’s incredibly important to keep this in mind when deciding how to invest your money, because the tax you’ll pay may drastically affect your bottom line, and making potentially large capital gains not worth the investment in the first place.

Short-Term

Because short-term investments are lumped in with the rest of the money you make in a year, there’s no specific tax rate for investments that last less than a year. However, the money you make on a short-term investment may actually end up costing you in the long run. For example, if you made $37,000 in 2016, your tax rate is 15% – owing roughly $5,550. However, if you make an extra $700 from a short-term investment, you’ll be pushed up into the 25% tax bracket – meaning you’ll owe $9,425. While a $700 up front gain might seem enticing, you’ll end up losing almost $3,500 in the process.

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Long-Term

On the other hand, since long-term investments aren’t lumped in with the rest of your income, it’s much easier to figure out how much you’ll owe in taxes on your capital gains. While the most you’ll pay is 20% of your investment capital, if you only make 15% profit on your investment, you won’t owe any tax at all. In exchange for a lower tax rate, though, you’ll be keeping your money “on the table” for a much longer period of time – meaning you’ll be risking it for longer.

Verdict

Short-Term

Short-term investments are good for a quick win, and allow you to take your money out immediately if you choose to do so. They’re the best option if you don’t want to become too involved with the market, and are positive you’ll quit as soon as you hit a specific dollar amount.

On the other hand, short-term investments may cause more harm than good if you’re on the cusp of a certain tax bracket. Unfortunately, this is considerably counterintuitive to the purpose of a short-term investment. Most newcomers to the stock market looking to make a “quick kill” are doing so because they need some extra income immediately, but the system is set up to discourage people from making such investments. If you’re going to make a short-term investment, make sure you have capital to invest that the gains you make are worth the extra taxes you’ll end up paying.

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Long-Term

Long-term investments have the potential to drastically increase your net worth, as long as you’re patient. If you keep your investment open for longer than a year, you won’t have to worry about being bumped up into a tax bracket that you can’t afford to be in. Additionally, if you happen to lose any of your capital over the course of your investment, you may be able to claim these losses come tax season.

However, it (obviously) takes longer to reap the rewards of a long-term investment. Long-term investments are those made with the understanding that you don’t need the money right away, and are willing to go without for some time while your investment capital grows. You’ll also have to patiently wait out any dips in the economy, during which your investment may decrease heavily in value.

As long as you can afford to lose the money you put in, long-term investments end up being the much smarter bet.

Featured photo credit: Investment / Simon Cunningham / Flickr via farm6.staticflickr.com

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Published on July 4, 2018

Top 10 Recommendations on Money Management Apps

Top 10 Recommendations on Money Management Apps

Don’t want to overspend your budget, swipe your credit card too many times, and feel like a financial mess? Instead of beating yourself up for the bad financial decisions you’ve ever made, create a new plan!

The solution is simple, save more and spend less. But, we all know it’s easier said than done.

One problem is finding quality apps that save you time and money, and aren’t just hype.

Luckily, there’re many great money management apps available at your fingertips. Here are 10 reliable money management apps that can help you save money, and crush debt.

1. Personal Capital

    When was the last time you’ve tracked your net worth? Probably months ago or maybe never. Personal Capital allows you to easily track your net worth and plan for retirement.

    Here are some of its main features:

    • Sync many investment accounts, and expenses (mortgage, credit cards, etc.) in one place
    • Discover hidden fees and how much they’re affecting your retirement plan
    • Wealth management for investors requiring a long-term strategy

    With Personal you’re free to track your expenses and net worth.

    Available for: iOS and Android

    2. Mint

      If your smartphone could only install a few apps, Mint would be one of them. Why? Because Mint tracks all your balances and bills in one place.

      Here are some of its main features:

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      • Effortlessly track all your bills and balances in one dashboard
      • Categorized expenses to understand where you spend your money
      • Uncover hidden fees, and determine your investment style with sophisticated retirement tools.

      Feel at ease with managing your money by a reputable company that isn’t going anywhere.

      Available for: iOS and Android

      3. YNAB

        Everyone needs a budget, there’s no way around it. YNAB (You Need A Budget) is an easy to use app that will change the way you think about money. Their motto is to “give every dollar a job”, and you’ll quickly discover why.

        Here are some of its main features:

        • Easily sync all bank accounts in one place
        • Visually see your debt paying progress with eye-catching charts and notifications
        • Customized categories setting saving goals

        The best part about YNAB is the community that comes along with it. You can hop on the YNAB forum to receive support, listen to the YNAB Podcast or stay tuned for their weekly videos.

        Available for: iOS and Android

        4. Wealthfront

          Albert Einstein once said “compound interest is the eight wonder in the world”, and for a very good reason. The problem is, most people are scared or unwilling to learn the basics of investing. This is why Wealthfront is the perfect solution for the hands-off investors.

          Here are some of its main features:

          • Variety of investment account options including IRA, Roth IRA, and more
          • Your portfolio composed of 7 different asset classes
          • Automatically rebalanced portfolio
          • Daily tax loss harvesting

          Wealthfront is perfect for people requiring investment guidance, or prefer a hands-off solution.

          Available for: iOS and Android

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          5. Clarity Money

            If you’re staying on top of your budget but want to take your finances to the next level, Clarity Money can help you. Clarity Money helps you stay under budget and build a personalized savings plan.

            Here are some of its main features:

            • Easily cancel subscriptions with one click
            • Synchronize bank accounts fast
            • Transfer money effortlessly between different accounts

            Clarity Money isn’t an app that does it all. But, it does make transferring money and canceling subscriptions fast and efficient.

            Available for: iOS and Android

            6. Acorns

              What if there was a way to quickly gain confidence in investing your money, without too much risk? There is, and Acorns is your solution. With Acorns’s technology, you’re able to make investments as small as $5.

              Here are some of its main features:

              • Automatic contribution option
              • Customized portfolio tailored to your needs
              • Low management fees ranging from $1-$2 per month

              Stop wasting dollars on expensive coffee. Instead, invest them towards a brighter financial future.

              Available for: iOS and Android

              7. Albert

                Do you budget by only subtracting your expenses from your income? If so, how would you discover any overpayments or extra money you could save? This is where Albert shines, and it does it all free.

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                Here are some of its main features:

                • Receive notifications for overpayments, hidden fees, and low balances
                • An Automatic budget that’s built around your spending and income
                • Easily track debt and set new financial goals

                While Albert does offer a paid option, most of its core features are FREE. So, what better option to save?

                Available for: iOS

                8. Prism

                  Have you recently forgot to pay a bill because life got in the way? Prism automatically tracks your bills and syncs your bank accounts in one place.

                  Here are some of its main features:

                  • View all your account balances in one glance
                  • Bill due dates are automatically pulled and tracked
                  • Receive early reminders for upcoming bills

                  If your budget is on “fleek” but can’t seem to stay on top of your bills, Prism is your go-to app.

                  Available for: iOS, Android, Windows, Amazon

                  9. Mvelopes

                    Remember hearing about people using envelopes to budget their money? Well, Mvelopes is the new envelope system for this generation. Easily create monthly budgets and track your saving goals.

                    Here are some of its main features:

                    • Connect unlimited bank accounts
                    • Real-time budgeting with auto transaction syncing
                    • Low monthly $4 fee or $40 annual

                    Mvelopes can help you crush debt, save more, and help you stop overspending. With its low monthly fee, it’s worth a try.

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                    Available for: iOS and Android

                    10. Wallaby

                      Most people don’t have time to track their credit card’s changing rewards and interest rates. Because of this, you need help reaping the most of your credit card’s rewards. Wallaby is the app that will help you do just that.

                      Here are some of its main features:

                      • Automatic recommendations for the best credit card to use for each transaction
                      • A friendly user interface, displaying credit cards with their corresponding images
                      • Free to use

                      If you’re using the same credit card to make your purchases, you may be leaving money on the table. Give Wallaby a try if you’re ready to maximize your credit card’s rewards.

                      Available for: iOS and Android

                      Take control of your finances and experience financial freedom

                      Picture yourself staying on budget and saving more money than you’d ever imagined.

                      It took hard work and dedication but you’d finally learned how to manage your money. You have to start taking control of your spending and saving habits.

                      You now have a list of reliable apps that can help you build better money habits, what are you waiting for?

                      Featured photo credit: Pexels via pexels.com

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