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When Is A Good Time To Refinance Your Student Loans?

When Is A Good Time To Refinance Your Student Loans?

Student loan debt. Those three words are more important to people in their 20’s and 30’s today than any prior generation. The cost of education has continued to rise alongside a growing expectation that most individuals seeking decent salaries should go well-beyond a high school diploma.

It’s increasingly common now to hear presidential candidates address student loans, and eventually one president will propose a comprehensive solution, especially as recent undergraduates and post-graduates begin their careers, start families, and, above all, become the primary voting bloc.

Federal Refinancing Isn’t An Option…Yet

One solution that has been proposed is a federal refinancing option. If you are unfamiliar with the term, refinancing essentially means getting a new interest rate and new repayment terms. Unfortunately, that doesn’t exist for federal student loans now, and may not for a while.

There are, however, many for-profit companies that offer refinancing for those with private loans, and for those with federal loans who are willing to go with a private company to get a lower interest rate.

Should I Refinance My Student Loans?

You may be one of those graduates wondering if now is the best time to refinance your student loans. The answer is both short and long: it depends. Refinancing could be a smart move, particularly for students who have private loans with high interest rates. Federal student loans can’t be refinanced with the government and therefore require you to go private.

Nevertheless, although you may successful lower your monthly payments, no private company offers the generous terms the government offered when you took out the loan. Remember, the federal government is a non-profit entity, whereas private lenders are for-profit.

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How To Determine If Refinancing Makes Sense

Figuring out whether refinancing makes sense at first requires a bit of math, but there are many sites out there that can help you see the different ways you can approach repayment.

If you think about your student loan as one large payment (with principal and interest included) instead of many monthly payments, it’s easier to understand why refinancing may be useful for some borrowers.

To put it simply – each month, interest on the loan is calculated and added to the principal. When you make a payment, you pay off the accrued interest plus a small portion of the principal. Sometimes, those with a particularly high interest rate can feel like they are paying and paying and their balance never seems to budge.

When that interest number goes down, the amount you owe is reduced a little as well. At the most basic level, the benefit of a lower interest rate is that, over the life of the loan, the total sum of all your payments will be smaller, thus saving you money.

Factors To Consider Before Refinancing

Once you know what your rate options are, how do you determine if now is the right time to refinance your student loans?

Employment

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First, you should take honest stock of your current employment status and your future earning potential. These are important factors, because refinancing and exchanging a federal loan for a private one can remove some flexibility in your payment schedule. Stability in a current position as well as the likelihood of a promotion with salary increases work in your favor when refinancing because they allow you to plan with confidence.

Terms and Conditions of the New Loan

If you feel like you could be laid off or terminated in the near future, or if you are seeking a career change, it might not be a great time to refinance. One way that a new set of terms could be less forgiving than your previous ones is that you might not have the forbearance or deferment option. Forbearance allows you to temporarily postpone or reduce your student loan payments.

Another factor may be that the lender requires a loan to be paid off in 10 years instead of 20. Even if you get a lower interest rate, the accelerated payments will result in a higher monthly expense.

Your Credit Score

When considering the option of refinancing your student debt, it is important to research your credit score. If you’re in a good credit score range, you will be eligible for the lender’s lowest interest rates and most generous terms. On the other hand, a bad credit score might force you to hold off until your credit is better.

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Fixed vs Variable Rates

Also, take some time to mull over your fixed versus variable rate options. Fixed rates are great if you lock in a low one, meanwhile variable rates are adjustable. Given that we are in a rising interest rate environment, your variable rate is likely to increase significantly over time, so it is best to focus on refinancing for the lowest rate possible.

Read The Fine Print

If you have federal loans, and refinancing them into private loans seems to make sense after the aforementioned considerations, be careful and read the small print. There are a number of programs and perks that came with your federal loans that don’t apply to private loans. These include income-based repayment and loan forgiveness.

For example, if you are employed by a non-profit and you are working toward complete loan forgiveness in 10 years, remember that once you refinance your federal students loans to become private, you will lose that opportunity. In fact, your current employer may even have a program to help pay off your student loans that you aren’t even using yet.

Long-Term Financial Goals

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After you do research and know your options, think about your 5 and 10 year plan, both personally and professionally. If you are in a place in your life where you anticipate some bigger purchases, such as a house, car, or business, you should factor those potential buying decisions into the equation. And don’t forget – it’s always best to start saving for retirement early, even if you have to invest with little money.

Similarly, marriage and children maybe critical elements of your future financial planning. The extra few hundred dollars a month that you might be putting toward student loan repayment might be better spent on a down payment for a home or toward saving for costs associated with a growing family.

Final Word

If refinancing makes financial sense for you, do it sooner rather than later. Each month that you pay your old, higher interest rate is another month that money could have been allocated to something else other than an inflated interest expense. If, after researching your options, you decide that refinancing your student loans might not be a smart move right now, there are still things you can do to make good financial decisions.

If you can afford it, pay more than your monthly payment. The more you can put toward prepayment, the more your principal will be reduced each month and the less you will pay in the long-term.

The choice of if or when to refinance student debt is a personal one. This decision is best made by weighing the pros and cons of all options. You can control some things in life, but not everything, like interest rates. With dedication to smart research and a bit of good timing, you could be on your way to a lower monthly payment that could save you thousands in student loan interest.

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Gary Dekmezian

Entrepreneur

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Published on November 20, 2018

The Best Ways to Save Money Even Impulsive Spenders Can Get Behind

The Best Ways to Save Money Even Impulsive Spenders Can Get Behind

The truth is, there are many “money saving guides” online, but most don’t cover the root issue for not saving.

Once I’d discovered a few key factors that allowed me to save 10k in one year, I realized why most articles couldn’t help me. The problem is that even with the right strategies you can still fail to save money. You need to have the right systems in place and the right mindset.

In this guide, I’ll cover the best ways to save money — practical yet powerful steps you can take to start saving more. It won’t be easy but with hard work, I’m confident you’ll be able to save more money–even if you’re an impulsive spender.

Why Your Past Prevents You from Saving Money

Are you constantly thinking about your financial mistakes?

If so, these thoughts are holding you back from saving.

I get it, you wish you could go back in time to avoid your financial downfalls. But dwelling over your past will only rob you from your future. Instead, reflect on your mistakes and ask yourself what lessons you can learn from them.

It wasn’t easy for me to accept that I had accumulated thousands of dollars in credit card debt. Once I did, I started heading in the right direction. Embrace your past failures and use them as an opportunity to set new financial goals.

For example, after accepting that you’re thousands of dollars in debt create a plan to be debt free in a year or two. This way when you’ll be at peace even when you get negative thoughts about your finances. Now you can focus more time on saving and less on your past financial mistakes.

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How to Effortlessly Track Your Spending

Stop manually tracking your spending.

Leverage powerful analytic tools such as Personal Capital and these money management apps to do the work for you. This tool has worked for me and has kept me motivated to why I’m saving in the first place. Once you login to your Personal Capital dashboard, you’re able to view your net worth.

When I’d first signed up with Personal Capital, I had a negative net worth, but this motivated me to save more. With this tool, you can also view your spending patterns, expenses, and how much money you’re saving.

Use your net worth as your north star to saving more. Whenever you experience financial setbacks, view how far you’ve come along. Saving money is only half the battle, being consistent is the other half.

The Truth on Why You Keep Failing

Saving money isn’t sexy. If it was, wouldn’t everyone be doing it?

Some people are natural savers, but most are impulsive spenders. Instead of denying that you’re an impulsive spender, embrace it.

Don’t try to save 60 to 70% of your income if this means you’ll live a miserable life. Saving money isn’t a race but a marathon. You’re saving for retirement and for large purchases.

If you’re currently having a hard time saving, start spending more money on nice things. This may sound counterintuitive but hear me out. Wouldn’t it be better to save $200 each month for 12 months instead of $500 for 3 months?

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Most people run into trouble because they create budgets that set them up for failure. This system won’t work for those who are frugal, but chances are they don’t need help saving. This system is for those who can’t save money and need to be rewarded for their hard work.

Only because you’re buying nice things doesn’t mean that you’ll save less. Here are some rules you should have in place:

  1. Save more than 50% of your available money (after expenses)
  2. Only buy nice things after saving
  3. Automate your savings with automatic bank transfers

These are the same rules that helped me save thousands each year while buying the latest iPhone. Focus only on items that are important to you. Remember, you can afford anything but not everything.

How to Foolproof Yourself out of Debt

Personal finance is a game. On one end, you’re earning money; and on the to other, you’re saving. But what ends up counting in the end isn’t how much you earn but how much you save. Research shows that about 60% of Americans spend more than they save.[1]

So how can you separate yourself from the 60%?

By not accumulating more debt. This way you’ll have more money to save and avoid having more financial obligations. A great way to stop accumulating debt is using cash to pay for all your transactions.

This will be challenging, depending on how reliant you are with your credit card, but it’s worth the effort. Not only will you stop accruing debt, but you’ll also be more conscious with what you buy.

For example, you’ll think twice about purchasing a new $200 headphone despite having the cash to buy them. According to a poll conducted by The CreditCards.com, 5 out of 6 Americans are impulsive spenders.[2]

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Telling yourself that you’ll have the discipline to not buy things won’t cut it. This is equal to having junk food in your fridge while trying to eat healthy–it’s only a matter of time before you slip. By using cash to make your purchases, you’ll spend less and save more.

A Proven Formula to Skyrocket Your Savings

Having proven systems in place to help you save more is important, but they’re not the best way to save money.

You can search for dozens of ways to save money, but there’ll always be a limit. Instead of spending the majority of your effort saving, look for ways to increase your income. The truth is that once you have the right systems in place, saving is easy.

What’s challenging is earning more money. There are many routes you can take to achieve this. For example, you can work long and hard at your current job to earn a raise. But there’s one problem–you’re depending on someone else to give you a raise.

Your company will have to have the budget, and you’ll have to know how to toot your own horn to get this raise. This isn’t to say that earning a raise is impossible, but things are better when you’re in control right? That’s why building a side-hustle is the best way to increase your income.

Think of your side-hustle as a part-time job doing something you enjoy. You can sell items on eBay for a profit, or design websites for small businesses. Building a side-hustle will be on the hardest things you’ll do, be too stubborn to quit.

During the early stages, you won’t be making money and that’s okay. Since you already have a source of income, you won’t be dependent on your side-hustle to pay for your expenses. Depending on how much time you invest in your side-hustle, it can one day replace your current income.

Whatever route you take, focus more on earning and save as much as possible. You have more control than you give yourself credit for.

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Transform Yourself into a Saving Money Machine

Saving money isn’t complicated but it’s one of the hardest things you’ll do.

By learning from your mistakes and rewarding yourself after saving you’ll save more. What would you do with an extra $200 or $500 each month? To some, this is life-changing money that can improve the quality of their lives.

The truth is saving money is an art. Save too much and you’ll quit, but save too little and you’ll pay for the consequences in the future. Saving money takes effort and having the right systems in place.

Imagine if you’d started saving an extra $100 this next month? Or, saved $20K in one year? Although it’s hard to imagine, this can be your reality if you follow the principles covered in this guide.

Take a moment to brainstorm which goals you’d be able to reach if you had extra money each month. Use these goals as motivation to help you stay on track on your journey to saving more. If I was able to save thousands of dollars with little guidance, imagine what you’ll be able to do.

What are you waiting for? Go and start saving money, the sky is your limit.

Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

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