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When Is A Good Time To Refinance Your Student Loans?

When Is A Good Time To Refinance Your Student Loans?

Student loan debt. Those three words are more important to people in their 20’s and 30’s today than any prior generation. The cost of education has continued to rise alongside a growing expectation that most individuals seeking decent salaries should go well-beyond a high school diploma.

It’s increasingly common now to hear presidential candidates address student loans, and eventually one president will propose a comprehensive solution, especially as recent undergraduates and post-graduates begin their careers, start families, and, above all, become the primary voting bloc.

Federal Refinancing Isn’t An Option…Yet

One solution that has been proposed is a federal refinancing option. If you are unfamiliar with the term, refinancing essentially means getting a new interest rate and new repayment terms. Unfortunately, that doesn’t exist for federal student loans now, and may not for a while.

There are, however, many for-profit companies that offer refinancing for those with private loans, and for those with federal loans who are willing to go with a private company to get a lower interest rate.

Should I Refinance My Student Loans?

You may be one of those graduates wondering if now is the best time to refinance your student loans. The answer is both short and long: it depends. Refinancing could be a smart move, particularly for students who have private loans with high interest rates. Federal student loans can’t be refinanced with the government and therefore require you to go private.

Nevertheless, although you may successful lower your monthly payments, no private company offers the generous terms the government offered when you took out the loan. Remember, the federal government is a non-profit entity, whereas private lenders are for-profit.

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How To Determine If Refinancing Makes Sense

Figuring out whether refinancing makes sense at first requires a bit of math, but there are many sites out there that can help you see the different ways you can approach repayment.

If you think about your student loan as one large payment (with principal and interest included) instead of many monthly payments, it’s easier to understand why refinancing may be useful for some borrowers.

To put it simply – each month, interest on the loan is calculated and added to the principal. When you make a payment, you pay off the accrued interest plus a small portion of the principal. Sometimes, those with a particularly high interest rate can feel like they are paying and paying and their balance never seems to budge.

When that interest number goes down, the amount you owe is reduced a little as well. At the most basic level, the benefit of a lower interest rate is that, over the life of the loan, the total sum of all your payments will be smaller, thus saving you money.

Factors To Consider Before Refinancing

Once you know what your rate options are, how do you determine if now is the right time to refinance your student loans?

Employment

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First, you should take honest stock of your current employment status and your future earning potential. These are important factors, because refinancing and exchanging a federal loan for a private one can remove some flexibility in your payment schedule. Stability in a current position as well as the likelihood of a promotion with salary increases work in your favor when refinancing because they allow you to plan with confidence.

Terms and Conditions of the New Loan

If you feel like you could be laid off or terminated in the near future, or if you are seeking a career change, it might not be a great time to refinance. One way that a new set of terms could be less forgiving than your previous ones is that you might not have the forbearance or deferment option. Forbearance allows you to temporarily postpone or reduce your student loan payments.

Another factor may be that the lender requires a loan to be paid off in 10 years instead of 20. Even if you get a lower interest rate, the accelerated payments will result in a higher monthly expense.

Your Credit Score

When considering the option of refinancing your student debt, it is important to research your credit score. If you’re in a good credit score range, you will be eligible for the lender’s lowest interest rates and most generous terms. On the other hand, a bad credit score might force you to hold off until your credit is better.

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Fixed vs Variable Rates

Also, take some time to mull over your fixed versus variable rate options. Fixed rates are great if you lock in a low one, meanwhile variable rates are adjustable. Given that we are in a rising interest rate environment, your variable rate is likely to increase significantly over time, so it is best to focus on refinancing for the lowest rate possible.

Read The Fine Print

If you have federal loans, and refinancing them into private loans seems to make sense after the aforementioned considerations, be careful and read the small print. There are a number of programs and perks that came with your federal loans that don’t apply to private loans. These include income-based repayment and loan forgiveness.

For example, if you are employed by a non-profit and you are working toward complete loan forgiveness in 10 years, remember that once you refinance your federal students loans to become private, you will lose that opportunity. In fact, your current employer may even have a program to help pay off your student loans that you aren’t even using yet.

Long-Term Financial Goals

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After you do research and know your options, think about your 5 and 10 year plan, both personally and professionally. If you are in a place in your life where you anticipate some bigger purchases, such as a house, car, or business, you should factor those potential buying decisions into the equation. And don’t forget – it’s always best to start saving for retirement early, even if you have to invest with little money.

Similarly, marriage and children maybe critical elements of your future financial planning. The extra few hundred dollars a month that you might be putting toward student loan repayment might be better spent on a down payment for a home or toward saving for costs associated with a growing family.

Final Word

If refinancing makes financial sense for you, do it sooner rather than later. Each month that you pay your old, higher interest rate is another month that money could have been allocated to something else other than an inflated interest expense. If, after researching your options, you decide that refinancing your student loans might not be a smart move right now, there are still things you can do to make good financial decisions.

If you can afford it, pay more than your monthly payment. The more you can put toward prepayment, the more your principal will be reduced each month and the less you will pay in the long-term.

The choice of if or when to refinance student debt is a personal one. This decision is best made by weighing the pros and cons of all options. You can control some things in life, but not everything, like interest rates. With dedication to smart research and a bit of good timing, you could be on your way to a lower monthly payment that could save you thousands in student loan interest.

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Gary Dekmezian

Entrepreneur

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Published on October 8, 2018

13 Incredibly Useful Tactics to Help You to Stick to Your Family Budget

13 Incredibly Useful Tactics to Help You to Stick to Your Family Budget

Are you having trouble sticking to a family budget? You aren’t alone.

Budgeting is difficult. Creating one is hard enough, but actually sticking to it is a whole other issue. Things come up. Desires and cravings happen. And the next thing you know, budgets break.

So how can you stick to a family budget? Here are 13 tips to make it easier.

1. Choose a major category each month to attack

As the saying goes, “Rome wasn’t built in a day.” With that in mind, one approach to help you get into the habit of sticking to a budget is simply starting slow.

Spend too much on Starbucks runs, eat out too often, and have an out-of-this-world grocery bill? Choose one bad habit and attack.

By choosing one behavior to focus on, you’ll prevent yourself from being overwhelmed. You’ll also experience small victories, which help you gain positive momentum. This momentum can then carry over into your overall budget.

2. Only make major purchases in the morning

If you’re making large purchases in the evening, there’s a good chance you’re doing so after a long day and you’re probably tired.

Why does this matter? Because our judgement tends to be off when tired – our willpower is compromised.

Instead, only make major purchasing decisions in the morning when you’re energized and refreshed. Your brain will be firing on all cylinders and your resolve will be high. You’re less likely to give in and settle at this point.

3. Don’t go to the grocery store hungry

Have trouble with impulse buys at the grocery store? If so, there’s a good chance you’re going grocery shopping while hungry.

The problem here is that when you’re hungry, everything looks good. So you’re more likely to make split decisions on things that aren’t on your grocery list.

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Instead, make sure you eat prior to your grocery store trip. Then take your list, along with your full stomach, and go shopping. Notice how food doesn’t look quite so good when you’re not fighting cravings.

4. Read one-star reviews for products

Is there a product you just have to have (but maybe not really)? Check out the one-star reviews.

By reading all the horrible reviews, you may be able to basically trick yourself into deciding that the product isn’t worth your time and money.

Next thing you know, you didn’t make the purchase, you saved the money, and you feel good about the decision.

5. Never buy anything you put in an online shopping cart until the next day

If you are making a purchase online, it’s typically a two-step process. First, you click “Add to Cart” and then you go in to review your cart and pay.

The problem is that there not typically much reviewing during step two. It’s generally click pay and there you go. However, this is the perfect point to stop for reflection.

Once you add to your cart, your best bet is to step away until the next day. Let the item sit there and grow cold, so to speak.

This gives you a night to “sleep on it” and decide if you really want and need to spend that money. If you wake up the next day and still find the purchase viable, then perhaps it’s time to go for it.

6. Don’t save your credit card info on any site you shop on

One of the other pitfalls of shopping online is that fact that most sites ask you to save your credit card information.

While the sites will frame it as a method of convenience, the truth is they know you’ll spend more money in the long run if your credit card information is saved.

The “convenience” takes away one last decision-making point in the purchasing process. True, it’s a pain to get out your credit card and enter the information every time. But guess what? That’s the point. If that inconvenience helps you stay on budget, then it’s worth it. Which leads into the next tip.

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7. Tape an “impulse buy” reminder to your credit card

Credit cards make spending much easier than cash. When you spend cash, you can literally see your wallet emptying. A credit card comes out, then goes back in. No harm, no foul.

That’s why it’s a good idea to tape a reminder to your credit card. Customize a message that is something along the lines of “do you really need this?” or “does it fit the budget?”

That way when you pull out the card, you get one last reminder to help you question your decision and stick to your budget.

8. Only use gift cards to shop on Amazon

Amazon is probably the easiest place online to blow money. It’s just so easy to click and buy. However, one way you can slow the process down is buy only using gift cards. Here’s how it works.

If you plan on making a purchase on Amazon, go to the grocery store and purchase a pre-loaded Amazon gift card of the proper amount. There’s no convenience fee, so you literally pay for the money you’ll spend.

Now take that gift card home and load it to your Amazon account. There’s your money to spend.

Why does this help? It makes you have to purposely go to the score and purchase the card in order to purchase the item. That’s a pretty deliberate thing that takes some time, commitment, and thought.

This process will effectively kill the impulse buy.

9. Budget using cash and envelopes

As mentioned earlier, it’s a lot harder to spend cash than swipe a credit card. You can take this even farther by using only cash, and separating that cash by budget category.

Create an envelope for each category and stick the cash in there at the beginning of each month. When the envelope is empty, no more spending on that category, unless you borrow from another (be careful of that approach).

This can be pretty helpful for people that have a hard time following transactions in their checking account, or keeping a budgeting spreadsheet.

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The envelopes simplify the tracking process, leaving no room for error. Nothing hides from you because it’s tangible in the envelopes in front of you.

10. Join a like-minded group

Making the decision to stick to something like budgeting is difficult. It takes long-term commitment.

You’re going to feel weak sometimes. And sometimes you may fail. That said, support from others can help strengthen resolve.

Support can come from a spouse or a friend, but they won’t always have the exact same goal in mind. That’s why it’s a good idea to join a support group that’s likeminded.

No need to pay here, as there are tons of free communities that fit the bill online.

For example, reddit has multiple subreddits that deal with budgeting and frugal living. You can follow, subscribe, and get active in those communities.

This will open your eyes to new tips and strategies, keep your goal fresh on your mind, and help you realize there are others dealing with the same struggles and being successful.

11. Reward Yourself

When you set a budget, it’s usually with a large goal in mind. Maybe you want to be debt free, or perhaps you want to see $10,000 in your savings account.

Whatever the case, the end goal is great, but the end is often far away, making it hard to see the end of the tunnel.

With that in mind, it’s a good idea to set mini-goals along the way. This helps you still look at the big picture but have something that’s attainable in the short-term to help with momentum.

But don’t stop there – set rewards for yourself when you reach that small goal. Maybe it’s an extra meal out. Or a new pair of shoes.

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Whatever the case, this gives you something in the near future to look forward to, which can help with the fatigue that can result in pursuing long-term goals.

12. Take the Buddhist approach

You don’t have to be a Buddhist to recognize some of the wisdom in the teachings. One of the tenets of the philosophy involves accepting that we can’t have everything we want. And that’s okay.

Sometimes you won’t feel good. Sometimes you’ll have cravings. You can’t deny them. But you can recognize them, accept them, and let them pass by. Then you move on.

Apply this to the times you want to do things that will break your budget. You’re going to have the desire to eat out when you shouldn’t. You might want to stay out and spend too much at happy hour with your work friends.

The feelings will come. Recognize them, accept them, but let them go.

13. Set up automatic drafts to savings

If you wait until you’ve spent all your budgeted money to deposit money into savings, guess what? You probably aren’t going to put any money into savings.

It’s too easy to see that as extra money and end up using it to treat yourself.

Instead, set up automatic savings withdrawals. That way, the money is marked and gone before you can even think about it. It becomes a non-issue. It’s no longer “extra.” It’s just savings.

Conclusion

Sticking to a budget can be difficult. No one is denying that.

However, if you can do a few things to set yourself up for success, and put some practices in place to curb impulse buys, then you can (and will!) be successful sticking to your family budget.

Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

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