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This Vaccine Is Believed To Be Able To Cure Cancer

This Vaccine Is Believed To Be Able To Cure Cancer

Many of us have been touched by the hardship and tragedy of cancer. That is why the prospect of a vaccination that could help in the treatment and management of cancer can elicit such strong emotions and reactions. Being able to cure a patient with a vaccine could prove to be much simpler and less harrowing than having a patient go through high doses of harsh chemo or radiotherapy.

The exciting new vaccine is being trialed in the U.K. Two people have already been given the vaccine, at Guy’s Hospital in London. One of these people is 35-year old Kelly Potter.  She was diagnosed with advanced cervical cancer last summer. Kelly says that being a participant in the study has “changed [her] life for the better,” further commenting that “it’s fantastic to be part of something that could be ground-breaking.” It is hoped that 30 patients will take part in the study over the course of a two-year period.

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About the vaccine

The vaccine is currently being given together with low doses of chemotherapy. It is believed that this combination will kill some of the tumor cells and help the immune system to function more effectively.  Those who are administering the trial believe that the vaccine could work on all types of solid tumors. They are also conducting tests to see if the vaccine is safe to use on patients with terminal cancer.

How vaccines work

The vaccines we are familiar with, that are used to protect us against certain infections, work in much the same way as the cancer vaccine.  Vaccines work by helping the immune system acquire new immunity to diseases. Acquired immunity occurs when the body learns from being exposed to a disease or illness. The body leans to recognize the disease and the next time it attempts to invade the body the immune system is set up and ready to fight off the disease.

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Vaccinations work by containing a small amount of a protein from a disease. The amount of the disease is so small that it is not harmful to the body, but it does give the immune system a chance to recognize the disease so it is prepared if it encounters it in the future.

In normal situations our immune system works to protect us against cancer by killing tumor cells. However, sometimes our immune system ‘misses’ these cancer cells. When cancer cells are not destroyed by the immune system they are left to grow and then they can work to suppress the immune system, making it less effective. Cancer can weaken the immune system by entering the bone marrow, as the bone marrow makes the blood cells that help fight infections. In some cases the tumor cells also do damage to the immune cells.

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The science behind the new cancer vaccine

The new cancer vaccine is designed to use the body’s own immune system to attack and destroy the cancer cells. There is an enzyme found in cancer cells that is involved in the division of the cancer cells. This enzyme is called human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). The new vaccine is made up of small fragments of this enzyme. The idea is that by injecting these enzymes into a patient’s body the patient’s immune system will be stimulated to produce the antibodies that can target this enzyme, which will help in the destruction of the cancer cells.

This possible revolutionary vaccine could make a difference to many cancer sufferers. If the trial proves to be a success, then it would mean that many patients suffering from cancer will be given a much needed medical assistance and hope.

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Featured photo credit: Center of Excellence via zci-cervirvac.hr

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Rebecca Beris

Rebecca is a wellness and lifestyle writer at Lifehack.

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Last Updated on January 3, 2020

The 10 Essential Habits of Positive People

The 10 Essential Habits of Positive People

Are you waiting for life events to turn out the way you want so that you can feel more positive about your life? Do you find yourself having pre-conditions to your sense of well-being, thinking that certain things must happen for you to be happier? Do you think there is no way that your life stresses can make you anything other than “stressed out” and that other people just don’t understand?  If your answer is “yes” to any of these questions, you might find yourself lingering in the land of negativity for too long!

The following are some tips to keep positive no matter what comes your way. This post will help you stop looking for what psychologists call “positivity” in all the wrong places!  Here are the ten essential habits of positive people.

1. Positive people don’t confuse quitting with letting go.

Instead of hanging on to ideas, beliefs, and even people that are no longer healthy for them, they trust their judgement to let go of negative forces in their lives.  Especially in terms of relationships, they subscribe to The Relationship Prayer which goes:

 I will grant myself the ability to trust the healthy people in my life … 

To set limits with, or let go of, the negative ones … 

And to have the wisdom to know the DIFFERENCE!

 2.  Positive people don’t just have a good day – they make a good day.

Waiting, hoping and wishing seldom have a place in the vocabulary of positive individuals. Rather, they use strong words that are pro-active and not reactive. Passivity leads to a lack of involvement, while positive people get very involved in constructing their lives. They work to make changes to feel better in tough times rather than wish their feelings away.

3. For the positive person, the past stays in the past.

Good and bad memories alike stay where they belong – in the past where they happened. They don’t spend much time pining for the good ol’ days because they are too busy making new memories now. The negative pulls from the past are used not for self-flagellation or unproductive regret, but rather productive regret where they use lessons learned as stepping stones towards a better future.

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4. Show me a positive person and I can show you a grateful person.

The most positive people are the most grateful people.  They do not focus on the potholes of their lives.  They focus on the pot of gold that awaits them every day, with new smells, sights, feelings and experiences.  They see life as a treasure chest full of wonder.

5. Rather than being stuck in their limitations, positive people are energized by their possibilities.

Optimistic people focus on what they can do, not what they can’t do.  They are not fooled to think that there is a perfect solution to every problem, and are confident that there are many solutions and possibilities.  They are not afraid to attempt new solutions to old problems, rather than spin their wheels expecting things to be different this time.  They refuse to be like Charlie Brown expecting that this time Lucy will not pull the football from him!

6. Positive people do not let their fears interfere with their lives!

Positive people have observed that those who are defined and pulled back by their fears never really truly live a full life. While proceeding with appropriate caution, they do not let fear keep them from trying new things. They realize that even failures are necessary steps for a successful life. They have confidence that they can get back up when they are knocked down by life events or their own mistakes, due to a strong belief in their personal resilience.

7. Positive people smile a lot!

When you feel positive on the inside it is like you are smiling from within, and these smiles are contagious. Furthermore, the more others are with positive people, the more they tend to smile too! They see the lightness in life, and have a sense of humor even when it is about themselves. Positive people have a high degree of self-respect, but refuse to take themselves too seriously!

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8. People who are positive are great communicators.

They realize that assertive, confident communication is the only way to connect with others in everyday life.  They avoid judgmental, angry interchanges, and do not let someone else’s blow up give them a reason to react in kind. Rather, they express themselves with tact and finesse.  They also refuse to be non-assertive and let people push them around. They refuse to own problems that belong to someone else.

9. Positive people realize that if you live long enough, there are times for great pain and sadness.

One of the most common misperceptions about positive people is that to be positive, you must always be happy. This can not be further from the truth. Anyone who has any depth at all is certainly not happy all the time.  Being sad, angry, disappointed are all essential emotions in life. How else would you ever develop empathy for others if you lived a life of denial and shallow emotions? Positive people do not run from the gamut of emotions, and accept that part of the healing process is to allow themselves to experience all types of feelings, not only the happy ones. A positive person always holds the hope that there is light at the end of the darkness.  

10. Positive person are empowered people – they refuse to blame others and are not victims in life.

Positive people seek the help and support of others who are supportive and safe.They limit interactions with those who are toxic in any manner, even if it comes to legal action and physical estrangement such as in the case of abuse. They have identified their own basic human rights, and they respect themselves too much to play the part of a victim. There is no place for holding grudges with a positive mindset. Forgiveness helps positive people become better, not bitter.

How about you?  How many habits of positive people do you personally find in yourself?  If you lack even a few of these 10 essential habits, you might find that the expected treasure at the end of the rainbow was not all that it was cracked up to be. How could it — if you keep on bringing a negative attitude around?

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I wish you well in keeping positive, because as we all know, there is certainly nothing positive about being negative!

Featured photo credit: Janaína Castelo Branco via flickr.com

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