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How To Pronounce The German “R”

How To Pronounce The German “R”

Are you currently learning to speak German, but struggling to correctly pronounce the consonant “R” sound? Read on for some practical hints for how to pronounce this difficult consonant and speak German with a more authentic-sounding accent.

Why Is It So Difficult For English Speakers To Pronounce The German “R”?

When pronouncing “R” in American English, you will find that your tongue naturally rolls slightly. When speaking German, this will not produce the desired sound. It can be difficult to break out of this habit.

Furthermore, unlike in American English, it is expected that you will pronounce every consonant when speaking German. In particular, consonants coming at the end of words must be crisp and clear. It is not acceptable, as is the case in American English, to soften or drop consonant sounds at the end of words.

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Exercises To Try

So, how can you train yourself to pronounce a German “R” correctly? Try these suggestions:

1. Think of the “R” sound as originating from the back of your throat.

Practice gargling with a mouthful of water and note how the sensation feels. This is approximately what you want to replicate (without the water!) when speaking the hard “R” sound. The sound should be generated from the uvular — the dangling piece of soft tissue at the back of the mouth that triggers a gag reflex in most people when touched. Try not to trill the “R” with your tongue (as you might when speaking other languages such as French or Spanish).

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2. Focus on keeping your tongue and jaw relaxed.

Speak a few words out loud in English containing the letter “R,” and you will notice that you are using many of the muscles around your jaw and mouth. This should not be the case when you speak German. Make an effort to relax the muscles and concentrate on generating sounds from your throat instead.

3. Listen carefully to native speakers.

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The best way to learn is from other people who have already mastered a skill you wish to learn, so in this case your best course of action is to spend time with a native German speaker who is willing to correct you when necessary. Ask them to speak a few words with “R” sounds. Repeat them back and listen to their feedback until your pronunciation improves. If this isn’t possible, the next best option is to find recordings of speakers, play them, and then attempt to imitate them. This may be frustrating at first, but over time you can train your muscles to move in new ways as you speak. Do this exercise with a group of other people who are also trying to learn German and you can offer feedback to one another.

Does It Matter If Your Pronunciation Isn’t Perfect?

As a non-native speaker, it isn’t realistic to expect that you will ever speak German with a perfect German accent! As long as you try your best and your grammar and vocabulary is mostly correct, native speakers will understand what you are trying to say. Another factor to remember is that whilst the throat-based or uvular “R” is considered standard German, pronunciation varies by region and within individuals. For example, in some southern areas such as the Stuttgart region, Germans are more likely to roll their “R”s using their tongues than those who were raised in northern regions such as Hamburg and Berlin.

If you are struggling to master the uvular “R,” using a rolling “R” is an acceptable substitute. Whilst native speakers will appreciate your efforts to speaker their language correctly, you are unlikely to encounter problems in making yourself understood if your “R”s aren’t perfect!

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Featured photo credit: AdinaVoicu/Pixabay via pixabay.com

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Jay Hill

Jay writes about communication and happiness on Lifehack.

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Last Updated on January 21, 2020

How to Motivate People Around You and Inspire Them

How to Motivate People Around You and Inspire Them

If I was a super hero I’d want my super power to be the ability to motivate everyone around me. Think of how many problems you could solve just by being able to motivate people towards their goals. You wouldn’t be frustrated by lazy co-workers. You wouldn’t be mad at your partner for wasting the weekend in front of the TV. Also, the more people around you are motivated toward their dreams, the more you can capitalize off their successes.

Being able to motivate people is key to your success at work, at home, and in the future because no one can achieve anything alone. We all need the help of others.

So, how to motivate people? Here are 7 ways to motivate others even you can do.

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1. Listen

Most people start out trying to motivate someone by giving them a lengthy speech, but this rarely works because motivation has to start inside others. The best way to motivate others is to start by listening to what they want to do. Find out what the person’s goals and dreams are. If it’s something you want to encourage, then continue through these steps.

2. Ask Open-Ended Questions

Open-ended questions are the best way to figure out what someone’s dreams are. If you can’t think of anything to ask, start with, “What have you always wanted to do?”

“Why do you want to do that?”

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“What makes you so excited about it?”

“How long has that been your dream?”

You need this information the help you with the following steps.

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3. Encourage

This is the most important step, because starting a dream is scary. People are so scared they will fail or look stupid, many never try to reach their goals, so this is where you come in. You must encourage them. Say things like, “I think you will be great at that.” Better yet, say, “I think your skills in X will help you succeed.” For example if you have a friend who wants to own a pet store, say, “You are so great with animals, I think you will be excellent at running a pet store.”

4. Ask About What the First Step Will Be

After you’ve encouraged them, find how they will start. If they don’t know, you can make suggestions, but it’s better to let the person figure out the first step themselves so they can be committed to the process.

5. Dream

This is the most fun step, because you can dream about success. Say things like, “Wouldn’t it be cool if your business took off, and you didn’t have to work at that job you hate?” By allowing others to dream, you solidify the motivation in place and connect their dreams to a future reality.

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6. Ask How You Can Help

Most of the time, others won’t need anything from you, but it’s always good to offer. Just letting the person know you’re there will help motivate them to start. And, who knows, maybe your skills can help.

7. Follow Up

Periodically, over the course of the next year, ask them how their goal is going. This way you can find out what progress has been made. You may need to do the seven steps again, or they may need motivation in another area of their life.

Final Thoughts

By following these seven steps, you’ll be able to encourage the people around you to achieve their dreams and goals. In return, you’ll be more passionate about getting to your goals, you’ll be surrounded by successful people, and others will want to help you reach your dreams …

Oh, and you’ll become a motivational super hero. Time to get a cape!

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Featured photo credit: Thought Catalog via unsplash.com

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