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Pregnancy At Week 24

Pregnancy At Week 24

Pregnancy is a challenging time for the mother, her partner, and the growing fetus. Being a critical phase for the development, of the baby’s respiratory system and the prevalent risks of complexities from Gestational diabetes, the 24th week is one of the crucial time periods during pregnancy.

Development of mother’s body

The top of the uterus can be felt about 2 inches (5 cm) above the belly button and is about the size of a soccer ball. These symptoms are common during 24th week of pregnancy:

  • The skin around abdomen and breasts might get dry and itchy since it is stretched.
  • The eyes may feel more sensitive and dry.
  • Slight heartburn or gastritis may be experienced.

Status of baby’s growth

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Human Fetus Week 24

    The baby has a weight of about 1.5 pounds (0.7 kg) and is about a foot (30 cm) tall: roughly the size of an ear of corn. The skin of the baby is translucent. The baby’s brain, facial muscles, and taste buds are still in the developmental phase.

    This period is very crucial for the baby’s respiratory system since it goes through very drastic changes. The lungs develop branches of the respiratory tree and the cells that produce surfactant. Surfactant is a substance that assists the air sacs in inflating while in an external environment. Into 24 weeks of pregnancy, the issues such as unplanned pregnancies are left well behind and the couple are only looking forward to welcoming the baby to their world.

    Possible risks

    As we already said, the 24th week of pregnancy is an important time; if proper measures and actions are not taken during this period, it might be risky for both the mother and the baby, and can bring complications. Some of the risks are as follows:

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    Complexities due to Gestational diabetes

    Gestational diabetes is a high blood sugar condition during pregnancy. Approximately 2-5% of women will develop Gestational diabetes during their pregnancy. The major symptoms of Gestational diabetes are:

    • High sugar amount in urine
    • Excessive thirst and hunger
    • Frequent urination
    • Fatigue
    • Nausea

    Untreated diabetes might be followed by following complications:

    • Difficulties during vaginal delivery: Diabetes causes the baby to grow too large, mainly in its upper body which increases the risk of difficulties during delivery. In some cases, the delivery becomes so difficult that a cesarean section needs to be performed.
    • Complications with the baby:The baby is under a risk of developing a disproportionate body with an unusually large upper body. It might also have other complications like low blood sugar after its birth.

    Between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy, the placenta produces large amounts of hormones that may cause insulin resistance, so it is recommended to check for and take actions against Gestational diabetes during this period.

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    Respiratory problems in the baby

    This period is when the respiratory system of the baby undergoes drastic changes and the system is not yet strong enough to save itself from respiratory problems like pneumonia, asthma, respiratory tract infection, etc.

    Excessive dryness and irritation in the mother

    Dryness in the skin and the eyes of the mother is common during this time. If not taken proper care of, this can lead to long-term irritation and dryness in the eyes and the skin.

    Tips to alleviate the risks

    The following measures can be taken in order to avoid the probable risks and to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby during pregnancy at week 24:

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    Check for Gestational diabetes

    It is recommended to run a Glucose Screening Test or Glucose Challenge Test (GCT) around the 24th week of pregnancy. In case of a positive GCT result, the mother will have to take another test called Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT)/ If the mother is diagnosed with diabetes, she should consult the doctor to avoid further complications.

    Avoid respiratory hazards

    The mother should avoid exposure to smoke, dust, cold, bacteria and other respiratory hazards because the developing respiratory system of the baby is prone to various kinds of respiratory diseases.

    Use a hot sauna bath

    A hot sauna bath helps in reducing pregnancy aches and helps the body muscles of the mother to relax. It also enhances natural growth hormone production which ensures proper growth and development of the baby. It is also known that spending time in a sauna results in a reduction in the insulin and blood glucose level, which can be used as a control measure against Gestational diabetes.

    Yoga saunas are even better as they combine the benefits of yoga and the sauna. However, one should be careful not to spend too much time in the sauna and/or under higher temperature locations which may cause the body to overheat and even cause genetic abnormalities in the baby.

    Featured photo credit: First Pregnancy photo session by Benjamin Magana via flickr.com

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    Nabin Paudyal

    Co-Founder, Siplikan Media Group

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    Published on February 11, 2021

    3 Positive Discipline Strategies That Are Best For Your Child

    3 Positive Discipline Strategies That Are Best For Your Child

    I’m old enough to remember how the cane at school was used for punishment. My dad is old enough to think that banning corporal punishment in schools resulted in today’s poorly disciplined youth. With all of this as my early experiences, there was a time when I would have been better assigned to write about how to negatively discipline your child.

    What changed? Thankfully, my wife showed me different approaches for discipline that were very positive. Plus, I was open to learning.

    What has not changed is that kids are full of problems with impulses and emotions that flip from sad to happy, then angry in a moment. Though we’re not that different as adults with stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, and stimulants such as sugar and caffeine in our diets.

    Punishment as Discipline?

    What this means is that we usually take the easy path when a child misbehaves and punish them. Punishment may solve an isolated problem, but it’s not really teaching the kids anything useful in the long term.

    Probably it’s time for me to be clear about what I mean by punishment and discipline as these terms are often used interchangeably, but they are quite different.

    Discipline VS. Punishment

    Punishment is where we inflict pain or suffering on our child as a penalty. Discipline means to teach. They’re quite the opposite, but you’ll notice that teachers, parents, and coaches often confuse the two words.

    So, as parents, we have to have clear goals to teach our kids. It’s a long-term plan—using strategies that will have the longest-lasting impact on our kids are the best use of our time and energy.

    If you’re clear about what you want to achieve, then it becomes easier to find the best strategy. The better we are at responding when our kids misbehave or do not follow our guidance, the better the results are going to be.

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    3 Positive Discipline Strategies for Your Child

    Stay with me as I appreciate that a lot of people who read these blogs do not always have children with impulse control. We’ve had a lot of kids in our martial arts classes that were the complete opposite. They had concentration issues, hyperactive, and disruptive to the other children.

    The easy solution is to punish their parents by removing the kids from the class or punish the child with penalties such as time outs and burpees. Yes, it was tempting to do all of this, but one of our club values is that we pull you up rather than push you down.

    This means it’s a long-term gain to build trust and confidence, which is destroyed by constant punishments.

    Here are the discipline strategies we used to build trust and confidence with these hyperactive kids.

    1. Patience

    The first positive discipline strategy is to simply be patient. The more patient you are, the more likely you are to get results. Remember I said that we need to build trust and connection. You’ll get further with this goal using patience.

    As a coach, sometimes I was not the best person for this role, but we had other coaches in the club that could step in here. As a parent, you may not have this luxury, so it’s really important to recognize any improvements that you see and celebrate them.

    2. Redirection

    The second strategy we use is redirection. It’s important with a redirection to take “no” out of the equation. Choices are a great alternative.

    Imagine a scenario where you’re in a restaurant and your kid is wailing. The hard part here is getting your child to stop screaming long enough for you to build a connection. Most parents have calming strategies and if you practice them with your child, they are more likely to be effective.

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    In the first moment of calm, you can say “Your choice to scream and cry in public is not a good one. It would be best to say, Dad. What can I do to get ice-cream?” You can replace this with an appropriate option.

    The challenge with being calm and redirecting is that we need to be clear-minded, focused, and really engaged at the moment. If you’re on your phone, talking with friends or family, thinking about work or the bills, you’ll miss this opportunity to discipline in a way that has long-term benefits.

    3. Repair and Ground Rules

    The third positive discipline strategy is to repair and use ground rules. Once you’ve given the better option and it has been taken, you have a chance to repair this behavior to lessen its occurrence to better yet, prevent it from happening again. And by setting appropriate ground rules, you can make this a long-term win by helping your child improve their behavior.

    It’s these ground rules that help you correct the poor choices of your child and direct the behavior that you want to see.

    Consequences Versus Ultimatums

    When I was a child and being punished. My parents worked in a busy business for long hours, so their default was to go to ultimatums. “Do that again and you’re grounded for a week,” or “If I catch you doing X, you’ll go to bed without dinner”.

    Looking back, this worked to a point. But the flip side is that I remembered more of the ultimatums than the happier times. I’ve learned through trial and error with my own kids that consequences are more effective while not breaking down trust.

    What to Do When Ground Rules Get Broken?

    It’s on the consequences that you use when the ground rules are broken.

    In the martial arts class, when the hyperactive student breaks the ground rules. They would miss a turn in a game or go to the back of the line in a queue. We do not want to shame the child by isolating them. But on the flip side, there should be clear ground rules and proportionate consequences.

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    Yes, there are times when we would like to exclude the student from the class, the club, and even the universe. Again, it’s here that patience is so important and probably impulse control too. With an attainable consequence, you can maintain trust and you’re more likely to get the long-term behavior that you’re looking to achieve.

    Interestingly, we would occasionally hear a strategy from parents that little Kevin has been misbehaving at home with his sister or something similar. He likes martial arts training, so the parent would react by removing Kevin from the martial arts class as a punishment.

    We would suggest that this would remove Kevin from an environment where he is behaving positively. Removing him from this is likely to be detrimental to the change you would like to see. He may even feel shame when he returns to the class and loses all the progress he’s made.

    Alternatives to Punishment

    Another option is to tell Kevin to write a letter to his sister, apologizing for his behavior, and explaining how he is going to behave in the future.

    If your child is too young to write, give the apology face to face. For the apology to feel sincere, there is some value to pre-framing or practicing this between yourself and your child before they give it to the intended person.

    Don’t expect them to know the ground rules or what you’re thinking! It will be clearer to your child and better received with some practice. You can practice along the lines of: “X is the behavior I did, Y is what I should have done, and Z is my promise to you for how I’m going to act in the future.” You can replace XYZ with the appropriate actions.

    It does not need to be a letter or in person, it can even be a video. But there has to be an intention to repair the broken ground rule. If you try these strategies, that is become fully engaged with them and you’re still getting nowhere.

    But what to do if these strategies do not work? Then there is plenty to gain by seeking the help of an expert. Chances are that something is interfering or limiting their development.

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    This does not mean that your child has a neurological deficiency, although this may be the root cause. But it means that you can get an objective view and help on how to create the changes that you would like to see. Remember that using positive discipline strategies is better than mere punishment.

    There are groups that you can chat with for help. Family Lives UK has the aim of ensuring that all parents have somewhere to turn before they reached a crisis point. The NSPCC also provides a useful guide to positive parenting that you can download.[1]

    Bottom Line

    So, there your go, the three takeaways on strategies you can use for positively disciplining your child. The first one is about you! Be patient, be present, and think about what is best for the long term. AKA, avoid ultimatums and punishment. The second is to use a redirect, then repair and repeat (ground rules) as your 3-step method of discipline.

    Using these positive discipline strategies require you to be fully engaged with your child. Again, being impulsive breaks trust and you lose some of the gains you’ve both worked hard to achieve.

    Lastly, consequences are better than punishment. Plus, avoid shaming, especially in public at all costs.

    I hope this blog has been useful, and remember that you should be more focused on repairing bad behavior because being proactive and encouraging good behavior with rewards, fun, and positive emotions takes less effort than repairing the bad.

    More Tips on How To Discipline Your Child

    Featured photo credit: Leo Rivas via unsplash.com

    Reference

    [1] NSPCC Learning: Positive parenting

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