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Watch Out! 10 Most Poisonous Animal On Earth That You Need To Know!

Watch Out! 10 Most Poisonous Animal On Earth That You Need To Know!

Poisonous animals endanger humanity in various unique and deadly ways. Interestingly, most people seem not to take their time to research on the most poisonous animals on the planet. Poisonous animals are responsible for a high number of intoxication leading to deaths across the globe. Therefore, knowing that they exist is helpful to safeguarding oneself from their deadly venoms and vicious. This simply means that it is up to us to learn about and prevent painful encounters with poisonous animals.

1. Box Jellyfish

Box Jellyfish
    Jobowenjobowen / Flickr

    The Box jellyfish is a cnidarians invertebrate that is a cube shaped free swimming fish from the Cubozoa class. The Box jellyfish is mainly found in northern Australia, other tropical indo pacific regions and subtropical oceans. The amount of venom in one Box jellyfish can kill up to sixty humans with one sting.

    • It comprises of numerous nematocysts on each tentacle these are tiny little stingers that immediately inject venom into the bloodstream when they come in contact with the skin.
    • It uses its stingers to also catch its prey.
    • It mainly feeds on small fish, prawns, shrimps, and other jellyfish species.
    • It is recorded in the world as the fastest swimming jellyfish since it can swim up to 6 meters a second.

    2. King Cobra

    King Cobra
      Bikramadittya / Flickr

      King Cobra is an elapid from the reptilian class which is mainly found in rain forest areas, tropical deciduous forests, tropical scrub forests and tropical grasslands such as India. It is one of the most venomous snake that can kill up to twenty men with one bite.

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      • It is approximately 18 feet long
      • It comprises of fangs that are up to 1.25 cm long, the fangs act as the route to administer the poison during a bite.
      • It uses its forked tongue to smell things since it is deaf to sounds but it can feel vibrations such as footsteps.
      • Their body temperature remains the same as the environment since they are cold blooded animals.
      • The feed on cold blooded animals like snakes and lizards which are digested by strong acids since they cannot chew.

      3. Marbled Cone Snail

      Marbled Cone Snail
        denniseads178 / Flickr

        The Marbled cone snail is a predatory sea snail that is 30mm to 150 mm in size. It is mainly found in the Indian Ocean off Madagascar and Chagos, southern Australia, the Marshall islands in the Bay of Bengal off India, and in the western part of the Pacific Ocean to Fiji. Its cone shaped snail shell is made up of a creature the harpoon that launches its venom and can kill over twenty people with one drop of venom.

        • It is mainly found in shallow water on coral reef platforms, among mangroves, under piles of rubble, in sand and under rocks.
        • It is mostly active during the day and unlike other Conus it is strictly nocturnal.
        • It mainly feeds on fish, worms and snails.

        4. Blue Ringed Octopus

        Blue Ringed Octupus
          PROLudovic / Flickr

          The blue ringed octopus is a small Cephalopod that is made up of a dangerous poison. It is mainly found along the coast of northern Australia to Japan and Pacific islands which includes regions like Solomon Islands, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka. It weighs around 10 to 100g and a length size of 5cm to 7cm.

          • They are mainly found in sandy and salty areas in clumps of algae, tide-pools and shallow coral reefs.
          • They have the capability of fitting in small places such as in cracks on the reef, inside shells, inside bottles, inside cans and under rocks.
          • They are rated among the most intelligent animals because of their jet propulsion dense mechanism, ability to change color and excellent eyesight.
          • It carries enough venom that can kill twenty six people.

          5. Deathstalker Scorpion

          Deathstalker scorpion
            Yair Goldstof / Wikimedia

            Deathstalker scorpion is from the Buthidae family and it is also known as the Israeli yellow scorpion. It is mainly found in the Middle East and North Africa and other regions such as, Algeria, Pakistan, Jordan, Ethiopia and Egypt.

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            • The male species is about three inches while the female is about four inches in size.
            • Their color mainly depends on the environment; this is a mechanism that they use in order for them to be undetected and to blend in with the surroundings.
            • They survive well in less humid areas, in regions that have a temperature of about 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
            • Their main source of diet is crickets and they also feed on grasshoppers or worms.

            6. Stone Fish

            Stonefish
              Bernard DUPONT / Flickr

              Stone Fish are camouflage kind of fish that have 13 spines with each containing a venomous sac. Their camouflage is due to their mottled brown greenish color. They are about 30-40 cm in length and weigh up to 2 kg. Stone fish are mainly found in areas above the tropic of Capricorn and coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific oceans.

              • They do not use their venom to kill their prey but they swim fast and quickly attack. Its venom can kill up to 25 people with one sting.
              • They are hard to notice in water because of their camouflage and their main habitat is on coral reefs, near rocks and in dormant sand or mud.
              • Stone fish can survive up to 24 hours.
              • They mainly feed on small fish and shrimps.

              7. Inland Taipan

              inland taipen
                if winter ends / Flickr

                Inland Taipan is known as a fierce snake that is mainly found in semi-arid regions of central east Australia. It is 2.5 m in length or approximately 6-8 feet long and has dramatic season colors that are; during winter it is dark blue and black while during summer it is olive green and brown.

                • It mainly feeds on birds, rodents and small mammals; it hunts its prey by stunning it with a single bite.
                • Its venom is very dangerous and can kill up to 100 people in a single bite
                • Inland Taipans mate between July and December; they only produce two clutches that comprise of 12-24 eggs.
                • The eggs are normally laid in a crevice or an abandoned animal burrow and they hatch after 2 months.

                8. Brazilian Wandering Spiders

                Brazilian Wandering Spiders
                  Graham Duggan / Flickr

                  Brazilian wandering spiders are large and aggressive, with red hairs on the body. They are some of the most poisonous spiders in the world. These spiders are known to feed on crickets and cockroaches; therefore, they are greatly engrossed to areas of high human habitation. This makes them dangerous. These large spiders are most certainly the most venomous spiders known to man.

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                  • These spiders are nocturnal and they use their venom to attack their prey. They hide in dark places during the day and emerge at night to hunt.
                  • The venom is strongly neurotoxic, because it acts on the nervous system and causes skin damage and it results in immediate pain.
                  • The venom also results into cold sweats, excessive salivation, and occasionally death.

                  9. Poisonous Dart Frog

                  Dart Frog
                    Orias1978 / Flickr

                    Poisonous dart frogs are the most famous frogs in the world. These frogs are of legendary status given the fact that they breed differently than most other frogs across the globe. These frogs are identical with neo-tropical rain forest. A great number of them are terrestrial, but some are determinedly arboreal.

                    • Mucus and toxin producing glands are contained in the skin of the poisonous dart frogs.
                    • Three Colombian species of the genus Phyllobates yield venoms so virulent, they could be lethal to humans.

                    10. Puffer Fish

                    puffer fish

                      Puffer fish are venomous fish broadly distributed in warm oceans, but they are mainly numerous in the Central and South Pacific Oceans and in the Caribbean. They are basically found along the coasts of Japan, Indonesia and China. These fish have been responsible for a good number of deaths in the stated countries.

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                      • These fish differ in size from 1 inch long to 2 inch long.
                      • A single puffer fish can produce enough venom that can kill at least thirty people.

                      Featured photo credit: OligochaetesInYourApple via i.imgur.com

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                      Last Updated on September 10, 2018

                      Overcoming The Pain Of A Breakup: 3 Suggestions Based On Science

                      Overcoming The Pain Of A Breakup: 3 Suggestions Based On Science

                      We thought that the expression ‘broken heart’ was just a metaphor, but science is telling us that it is not: breakups and rejections do cause physical pain. When a group of psychologists asked research participants to look at images of their ex-partners who broke up with them, researchers found that the same brain areas that are activated by physical pain are also activated by looking at images of ex-partners. Looking at images of our ex is a painful experience, literally.[1].

                      Given that the effect of rejections and breakups is the same as the effect of physical pain, scientists have speculated on whether the practices that reduce physical pain could be used to reduce the emotional pain that follows from breakups and rejections. In a study on whether painkillers reduce the emotional pain caused by a breakup, researchers found that painkillers did help. Individuals who took painkillers were better able to deal with their breakup. Tamar Cohen wrote that “A simple dose of paracetamol could help ease the pain of a broken heart.”[2]

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                      Just like painkillers can be used to ease the pain of a broken heart, other practices that ease physical pain can also be used to ease the pain of rejections and breakups. Three of these scientifically validated practices are presented in this article.

                      Looking at images of loved ones

                      While images of ex-partners stimulate the pain neuro-circuitry in our brain, images of loved ones activate a different circuitry. Looking at images of people who care about us increases the release of oxytocin in our body. Oxytocin, or the “cuddle hormone,” is the hormone that our body relies on to induce in us a soothing feeling of tranquility, even when we are under high stress and pain.

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                      In fact, oxytocin was found to have a crucial role as a mother is giving birth to her baby. Despite the extreme pain that a mother has to endure during delivery, the high level of oxytocin secreted by her body transforms pain into pleasure. Mariem Melainine notes that, “Oxytocin levels are usually at their peak during delivery, which promotes a sense of euphoria in the mother and helps her develop a stronger bond with her baby.”[3]

                      Whenever you feel tempted to look at images of your ex-partner, log into your Facebook page and start browsing images of your loved ones. As Eva Ritvo, M.D. notes, “Facebook fools our brain into believing that loved ones surround us, which historically was essential to our survival. The human brain, because it evolved thousands of years before photography, fails on many levels to recognize the difference between pictures and people”[4]

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                      Exercise

                      Endorphins are neurotransmitters that reduce our perception of pain. When our body is high on endorphins, painful sensations are kept outside of conscious awareness. It was found that exercise causes endorphins to be secreted in the brain and as a result produce a feeling of power, as psychologist Alex Korb noted in his book: “Exercise causes your brain to release endorphins, neurotransmitters that act on your neurons like opiates (such as morphine or Vicodin) by sending a neural signal to reduce pain and provide anxiety relief.”[5] By inhibiting pain from being transmitted to our brain, exercise acts as a powerful antidote to the pain caused by rejections and breakups.

                      Meditation

                      Jon Kabat Zinn, a doctor who pioneered the use of mindfulness meditation therapy for patients with chronic pain, has argued that it is not pain itself that is harmful to our mental health, rather, it is the way we react to pain. When we react to pain with irritation, frustration, and self-pity, more pain is generated, and we enter a never ending spiral of painful thoughts and sensations.

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                      In order to disrupt the domino effect caused by reacting to pain with pain, Kabat Zinn and other proponents of mindfulness meditation therapy have suggested reacting to pain through nonjudgmental contemplation and acceptance. By practicing meditation on a daily basis and getting used to the habit of paying attention to the sensations generated by our body (including the painful ones and by observing these sensations nonjudgmentally and with compassion) our brain develops the habit of reacting to pain with grace and patience.

                      When you find yourself thinking about a recent breakup or a recent rejection, close your eyes and pay attention to the sensations produced by your body. Take deep breaths and as you are feeling the sensations produced by your body, distance yourself from them, and observe them without judgment and with compassion. If your brain starts wandering and gets distracted, gently bring back your compassionate nonjudgmental attention to your body. Try to do this exercise for one minute and gradually increase its duration.

                      With consistent practice, nonjudgmental acceptance will become our default reaction to breakups, rejections, and other disappointments that we experience in life. Every rejection and every breakup teaches us great lessons about relationships and about ourselves.

                      Featured photo credit: condesign via pixabay.com

                      Reference

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