Poisonous animals endanger humanity in various unique and deadly ways. Interestingly, most people seem not to take their time to research on the most poisonous animals on the planet. Poisonous animals are responsible for a high number of intoxication leading to deaths across the globe. Therefore, knowing that they exist is helpful to safeguarding oneself from their deadly venoms and vicious. This simply means that it is up to us to learn about and prevent painful encounters with poisonous animals.
1. Box Jellyfish
The Box jellyfish is a cnidarians invertebrate that is a cube shaped free swimming fish from the Cubozoa class. The Box jellyfish is mainly found in northern Australia, other tropical indo pacific regions and subtropical oceans. The amount of venom in one Box jellyfish can kill up to sixty humans with one sting.
- It comprises of numerous nematocysts on each tentacle these are tiny little stingers that immediately inject venom into the bloodstream when they come in contact with the skin.
- It uses its stingers to also catch its prey.
- It mainly feeds on small fish, prawns, shrimps, and other jellyfish species.
- It is recorded in the world as the fastest swimming jellyfish since it can swim up to 6 meters a second.
2. King Cobra
King Cobra is an elapid from the reptilian class which is mainly found in rain forest areas, tropical deciduous forests, tropical scrub forests and tropical grasslands such as India. It is one of the most venomous snake that can kill up to twenty men with one bite.
- It is approximately 18 feet long
- It comprises of fangs that are up to 1.25 cm long, the fangs act as the route to administer the poison during a bite.
- It uses its forked tongue to smell things since it is deaf to sounds but it can feel vibrations such as footsteps.
- Their body temperature remains the same as the environment since they are cold blooded animals.
- The feed on cold blooded animals like snakes and lizards which are digested by strong acids since they cannot chew.
3. Marbled Cone Snail
The Marbled cone snail is a predatory sea snail that is 30mm to 150 mm in size. It is mainly found in the Indian Ocean off Madagascar and Chagos, southern Australia, the Marshall islands in the Bay of Bengal off India, and in the western part of the Pacific Ocean to Fiji. Its cone shaped snail shell is made up of a creature the harpoon that launches its venom and can kill over twenty people with one drop of venom.
- It is mainly found in shallow water on coral reef platforms, among mangroves, under piles of rubble, in sand and under rocks.
- It is mostly active during the day and unlike other Conus it is strictly nocturnal.
- It mainly feeds on fish, worms and snails.
4. Blue Ringed Octopus
The blue ringed octopus is a small Cephalopod that is made up of a dangerous poison. It is mainly found along the coast of northern Australia to Japan and Pacific islands which includes regions like Solomon Islands, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka. It weighs around 10 to 100g and a length size of 5cm to 7cm.
- They are mainly found in sandy and salty areas in clumps of algae, tide-pools and shallow coral reefs.
- They have the capability of fitting in small places such as in cracks on the reef, inside shells, inside bottles, inside cans and under rocks.
- They are rated among the most intelligent animals because of their jet propulsion dense mechanism, ability to change color and excellent eyesight.
- It carries enough venom that can kill twenty six people.
5. Deathstalker Scorpion
Deathstalker scorpion is from the Buthidae family and it is also known as the Israeli yellow scorpion. It is mainly found in the Middle East and North Africa and other regions such as, Algeria, Pakistan, Jordan, Ethiopia and Egypt.
- The male species is about three inches while the female is about four inches in size.
- Their color mainly depends on the environment; this is a mechanism that they use in order for them to be undetected and to blend in with the surroundings.
- They survive well in less humid areas, in regions that have a temperature of about 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Their main source of diet is crickets and they also feed on grasshoppers or worms.
6. Stone Fish
Stone Fish are camouflage kind of fish that have 13 spines with each containing a venomous sac. Their camouflage is due to their mottled brown greenish color. They are about 30-40 cm in length and weigh up to 2 kg. Stone fish are mainly found in areas above the tropic of Capricorn and coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific oceans.
- They do not use their venom to kill their prey but they swim fast and quickly attack. Its venom can kill up to 25 people with one sting.
- They are hard to notice in water because of their camouflage and their main habitat is on coral reefs, near rocks and in dormant sand or mud.
- Stone fish can survive up to 24 hours.
- They mainly feed on small fish and shrimps.
7. Inland Taipan
Inland Taipan is known as a fierce snake that is mainly found in semi-arid regions of central east Australia. It is 2.5 m in length or approximately 6-8 feet long and has dramatic season colors that are; during winter it is dark blue and black while during summer it is olive green and brown.
- It mainly feeds on birds, rodents and small mammals; it hunts its prey by stunning it with a single bite.
- Its venom is very dangerous and can kill up to 100 people in a single bite
- Inland Taipans mate between July and December; they only produce two clutches that comprise of 12-24 eggs.
- The eggs are normally laid in a crevice or an abandoned animal burrow and they hatch after 2 months.
8. Brazilian Wandering Spiders
Brazilian wandering spiders are large and aggressive, with red hairs on the body. They are some of the most poisonous spiders in the world. These spiders are known to feed on crickets and cockroaches; therefore, they are greatly engrossed to areas of high human habitation. This makes them dangerous. These large spiders are most certainly the most venomous spiders known to man.
- These spiders are nocturnal and they use their venom to attack their prey. They hide in dark places during the day and emerge at night to hunt.
- The venom is strongly neurotoxic, because it acts on the nervous system and causes skin damage and it results in immediate pain.
- The venom also results into cold sweats, excessive salivation, and occasionally death.
9. Poisonous Dart Frog
Poisonous dart frogs are the most famous frogs in the world. These frogs are of legendary status given the fact that they breed differently than most other frogs across the globe. These frogs are identical with neo-tropical rain forest. A great number of them are terrestrial, but some are determinedly arboreal.
- Mucus and toxin producing glands are contained in the skin of the poisonous dart frogs.
- Three Colombian species of the genus Phyllobates yield venoms so virulent, they could be lethal to humans.
10. Puffer Fish
Puffer fish are venomous fish broadly distributed in warm oceans, but they are mainly numerous in the Central and South Pacific Oceans and in the Caribbean. They are basically found along the coasts of Japan, Indonesia and China. These fish have been responsible for a good number of deaths in the stated countries.
- These fish differ in size from 1 inch long to 2 inch long.
- A single puffer fish can produce enough venom that can kill at least thirty people.
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