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What It’s Really Like To Live With Type 1 Diabetes

What It’s Really Like To Live With Type 1 Diabetes

We all need glucose to give our cells the energy they require to function so that the brain, heart, and lungs all work perfectly. Our bodies will manufacture enough insulin (produced by the pancreas) so that the blood glucose or blood sugar can get into those cells. But people with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) cannot make that insulin, so they have to inject it to help the body work properly. But it does not always go according to plan. When they have too much glucose or too little, there are serious health consequences.

I remember vividly when we had friends over for lunch on a very hot summer’s day. One of them has Type 1 diabetes and he had just been given a new, cutting edge insulin pump. But the pump was not correctly adjusted. He nearly collapsed on the way home and fortunately, his wife was driving. She later told me that he could have died. The irony is that he is a doctor himself!

Let me explain what an insulin pump does. First, it removes the need to have multiple injections of insulin on a daily basis. Second, it has to work perfectly because in many ways it mimics the pancreas. Otherwise, the diabetes gets out of control and may endanger one’s life, as happened with my friend.

Now, if I told you that people with this type of diabetes have to get through each day by checking and preventing spikes or slides in blood sugar, you would probably raise an eyebrow or two, but not give it much thought. So, here are 5 things that diabetics have to constantly monitor and prevent on an almost 24/7 basis.

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1. They have to constantly check their blood sugar

They have a blood glucose meter which tests their levels of glucose. But they have to do this between 4 and 8 times a day! They have to do this when they change medication, exercise or when they have gone through a stressful period. They have to do it very often and it means they must always carry the monitor wherever they go. Just a pinprick. But there are no holidays here. Anytime their routine changes, they have to check.

2. They have to know all about blood sugar levels

They know that when they get a reading of 70 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL), they may have a dangerously low blood sugar count, aka hypoglycaemia. They may already know because of the alarming symptoms such as shaking, sweating, weakness and palpitations. If their levels skyrocket, they are in danger of going into a diabetic coma.

They know their levels change according to the time of day, before and after eating and, of course, at bedtime. Generally, according to the Mayo Clinic, daytime levels should be in the 80-120 md/dL range while bedtime scores should not go over 140 md/dL.

Just have a look here at the chart which explains the target range for blood sugar levels. It depends on many other factors such as age, weight, sex and general health.

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3. They have to be extra vigilant when eating out

If you think that diabetics are fussy eaters, think again! They are just trying to avoid a crisis which may in turn save them from going into a coma or fainting.

Because they are following a regular diet where they are watching out for carbohydrates, sugar and starch in vegetables and fruit, they have to careful when eating out. They have to focus on vegetables that are rich in vitamins and minerals but low in starch. They have to watch out for too many carbs as they turn to sugar in their blood. Typical vegetables that are good for them are tomatoes, spinach, onions, asparagus, peppers, and celery. Generally, they have to eat the right proteins and avoid processed foods.

4. They can exercise but they still have to be careful

They have to do another juggling act here! If they exercise (and it is highly recommended as it prevents other health issues), they have to balance insulin with the snacks they eat and the effect the activity has on their blood sugar levels. It also depends what time of the day they exercise and when they eat. The great thing is that physical activity does help to reduce blood glucose levels and reduces depression.

The inspiring story of Jay Cutler, quarterback with the Chicago Bears, who has T1D, has helped both kids and adults to live a healthy life which includes physical exercise.

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5. They are really hopeful about the future

And now the good news! The latest insulin pumps are much more sophisticated than they were a few years ago when my friend had his installed.

There are no wires and it is so small that many people never spot it. It communicates with a tiny computer which controls the insulin input. The machine needs a new pod of insulin every 3 days. It can be worn on the abdomen, leg or underarm. Diabetics can even get an extra dose of fast acting insulin just before mealtimes to take care of any carbs they will be consuming. There is even software in the computer which can calculate the right dose before eating.

It is fascinating to read about the latest research reported on the American Diabetes Association website which is moving towards making life a lot easier for people with T1D.

“I think I can, I think I can… I know I can, I know I can… learn to count the carb content of everything that passes my lips; carry monitor, glucose tabs, insulin pump/pen and needles at all times; learn to inject myself throughout the day; navigate the American healthcare system; and ward off the feeling that I’m somehow being punished. We all can. I’ve learned a ton since my diagnosis in 2003. With diabetes, you really do learn something new every day. “– AmyTenrich, Editor, DiabetesMine

There are 3 million people in America living with T1D, and 80 new cases are diagnosed every day. Myths and legends about diabetics abound. One fact is obvious though – if they neglect any of these checks and balances, they are putting their health at serious risk. They may suffer nerve damage, kidney malfunctioning, high blood pressure, vision deficits, and poor skin health which can lead to tissue death. It is no exaggeration to say they have to be their own nurse, dietician and math wizard to survive!

Featured photo credit: Diabetes test/Victor via flickr.com

More by this author

Robert Locke

Author of Ziger the Tiger Stories, a health enthusiast specializing in relationships, life improvement and mental health.

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Last Updated on September 16, 2019

How to Stop Procrastinating: 11 Practical Ways for Procrastinators

How to Stop Procrastinating: 11 Practical Ways for Procrastinators

You have a deadline looming. However, instead of doing your work, you are fiddling with miscellaneous things like checking email, social media, watching videos, surfing blogs and forums. You know you should be working, but you just don’t feel like doing anything.

We are all familiar with the procrastination phenomenon. When we procrastinate, we squander away our free time and put off important tasks we should be doing them till it’s too late. And when it is indeed too late, we panic and wish we got started earlier.

The chronic procrastinators I know have spent years of their life looped in this cycle. Delaying, putting off things, slacking, hiding from work, facing work only when it’s unavoidable, then repeating this loop all over again. It’s a bad habit that eats us away and prevents us from achieving greater results in life.

Don’t let procrastination take over your life. Here, I will share my personal steps on how to stop procrastinating. These 11 steps will definitely apply to you too:

1. Break Your Work into Little Steps

Part of the reason why we procrastinate is because subconsciously, we find the work too overwhelming for us. Break it down into little parts, then focus on one part at the time. If you still procrastinate on the task after breaking it down, then break it down even further. Soon, your task will be so simple that you will be thinking “gee, this is so simple that I might as well just do it now!”.

For example, I’m currently writing a new book (on How to achieve anything in life). Book writing at its full scale is an enormous project and can be overwhelming. However, when I break it down into phases such as –

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  • (1) Research
  • (2) Deciding the topic
  • (3) Creating the outline
  • (4) Drafting the content
  • (5) Writing Chapters #1 to #10,
  • (6) Revision
  • (7) etc.

Suddenly it seems very manageable. What I do then is to focus on the immediate phase and get it done to my best ability, without thinking about the other phases. When it’s done, I move on to the next.

2. Change Your Environment

Different environments have different impact on our productivity. Look at your work desk and your room. Do they make you want to work or do they make you want to snuggle and sleep? If it’s the latter, you should look into changing your workspace.

One thing to note is that an environment that makes us feel inspired before may lose its effect after a period of time. If that’s the case, then it’s time to change things around. Refer to Steps #2 and #3 of 13 Strategies To Jumpstart Your Productivity, which talks about revamping your environment and workspace.

3. Create a Detailed Timeline with Specific Deadlines

Having just 1 deadline for your work is like an invitation to procrastinate. That’s because we get the impression that we have time and keep pushing everything back, until it’s too late.

Break down your project (see tip #1), then create an overall timeline with specific deadlines for each small task. This way, you know you have to finish each task by a certain date. Your timelines must be robust, too – i.e. if you don’t finish this by today, it’s going to jeopardize everything else you have planned after that. This way it creates the urgency to act.

My goals are broken down into monthly, weekly, right down to the daily task lists, and the list is a call to action that I must accomplish this by the specified date, else my goals will be put off.

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Here’re more tips on setting deadlines: 22 Tips for Effective Deadlines

4. Eliminate Your Procrastination Pit-Stops

If you are procrastinating a little too much, maybe that’s because you make it easy to procrastinate.

Identify your browser bookmarks that take up a lot of your time and shift them into a separate folder that is less accessible. Disable the automatic notification option in your email client. Get rid of the distractions around you.

I know some people will out of the way and delete or deactivate their facebook accounts. I think it’s a little drastic and extreme as addressing procrastination is more about being conscious of our actions than counteracting via self-binding methods, but if you feel that’s what’s needed, go for it.

5. Hang out with People Who Inspire You to Take Action

I’m pretty sure if you spend just 10 minutes talking to Steve Jobs or Bill Gates, you’ll be more inspired to act than if you spent the 10 minutes doing nothing. The people we are with influence our behaviors. Of course spending time with Steve Jobs or Bill Gates every day is probably not a feasible method, but the principle applies — The Hidden Power of Every Single Person Around You

Identify the people, friends or colleagues who trigger you – most likely the go-getters and hard workers – and hang out with them more often. Soon you will inculcate their drive and spirit too.

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As a personal development blogger, I “hang out” with inspiring personal development experts by reading their blogs and corresponding with them regularly via email and social media. It’s communication via new media and it works all the same.

6. Get a Buddy

Having a companion makes the whole process much more fun. Ideally, your buddy should be someone who has his/her own set of goals. Both of you will hold each other accountable to your goals and plans. While it’s not necessary for both of you to have the same goals, it’ll be even better if that’s the case, so you can learn from each other.

I have a good friend whom I talk to regularly, and we always ask each other about our goals and progress in achieving those goals. Needless to say, it spurs us to keep taking action.

7. Tell Others About Your Goals

This serves the same function as #6, on a larger scale. Tell all your friends, colleagues, acquaintances and family about your projects. Now whenever you see them, they are bound to ask you about your status on those projects.

For example, sometimes I announce my projects on The Personal Excellence Blog, Twitter and Facebook, and my readers will ask me about them on an ongoing basis. It’s a great way to keep myself accountable to my plans.

8. Seek out Someone Who Has Already Achieved the Outcome

What is it you want to accomplish here, and who are the people who have accomplished this already? Go seek them out and connect with them. Seeing living proof that your goals are very well achievable if you take action is one of the best triggers for action.

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9. Re-Clarify Your Goals

If you have been procrastinating for an extended period of time, it might reflect a misalignment between what you want and what you are currently doing. Often times, we outgrow our goals as we discover more about ourselves, but we don’t change our goals to reflect that.

Get away from your work (a short vacation will be good, else just a weekend break or staycation will do too) and take some time to regroup yourself. What exactly do you want to achieve? What should you do to get there? What are the steps to take? Does your current work align with that? If not, what can you do about it?

10. Stop Over-Complicating Things

Are you waiting for a perfect time to do this? That maybe now is not the best time because of X, Y, Z reasons? Ditch that thought because there’s never a perfect time. If you keep waiting for one, you are never going to accomplish anything.

Perfectionism is one of the biggest reasons for procrastination. Read more about why perfectionist tendencies can be a bane than a boon: Why Being A Perfectionist May Not Be So Perfect.

11. Get a Grip and Just Do It

At the end, it boils down to taking action. You can do all the strategizing, planning and hypothesizing, but if you don’t take action, nothing’s going to happen. Occasionally, I get readers and clients who keep complaining about their situations but they still refuse to take action at the end of the day.

Reality check:

I have never heard anyone procrastinate their way to success before and I doubt it’s going to change in the near future.  Whatever it is you are procrastinating on, if you want to get it done, you need to get a grip on yourself and do it.

More About Procrastination

Featured photo credit: Malvestida Magazine via unsplash.com

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