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Quotes From Socrates That Are Full Of Wisdom

Quotes From Socrates That Are Full Of Wisdom

Socrates. A Greek philosopher. An enigmatic genius. A genius who gave a whole new norm to the Western philosophy. The standard set by him, his critical reasoning, his view on life and surrounding made him an admirable inspiration to many who came across his teachings, and also had accusers who eventually put him to trial and execution.

Socrates was born circa 470 BC in Athens, Greece. His father was a stone mason and sculptor, and his mother was a midwife. Being an ordinary Athenian, he received a basic Greek education. For many years he worked as a stone mason, before he dedicated his life to philosophy. He was married and had three children, none of whom he cared much of. His rest of the life went on to teach young boys on their intellectual development and their life. He believed in authentic knowledge, rather than only victory over his rival.

He was famous for questioning everything in life and the world. He would accept no vague answers, rather, he would ask only for appropriate account of the nature of the problem. Socrates lived an impoverished life. Despite being such a significant figure in philosophy, he never left a word about himself. Whatever we get to know about him, it was all second-hand. Most of them are from the dialogues of Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of Aristophanes. The dialogues from Plato’s account have to be fairly accurate because the latter himself was a philosopher and had a tendency of including his own theories into dialogues.

Socrates was 70 years old when his trial and execution took place. This was in 399 BC. The trial happened because according to his accusers, Socrates was “refusing to recognise the gods recognised by the state”, and “corrupting the youth”. Because he had an anti-democratic point of view. Because his haters thought Socrates was introducing the youths to new gods. He had three hours to present his case and to defend himself, instead, he presented philosophical ideas which the 500 members of the jury refused to understand. He was also given the option to get exiled from Athens. But he declined the offer. Thus, Socrates was given a cup of poison hemlock to drink. And that made him his own executor.

Here are 30 quotes from Socrates that are full of wisdom.

1. Wisdom begins in wonder.


2. The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.


    3. To know, is to know that you know nothing. That is the meaning of true knowledge.


    4. Be as you wish to seem.

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      5. Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.


        6. Strong minds discuss ideas, average minds discuss events, weak minds discuss people.


          7. To find yourself, think for yourself.


          8. He who is not contented with what he has, would not be contented with what he would like to have.


            9. Be slow to fall into friendship, but when you are in, continue firm and constant.

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            10. By all means marry; if you get a good wife, you’ll become happy; if you get a bad one, you’ll become a philosopher.


              11. Sometimes you put walls up not to keep people out, but to see who cares enough to break them down.


                12. Let him who would move the world first move himself.


                13. The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance.


                14. Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty.


                15. Do not do to others what angers you if done to you by others.


                16. Every action has its pleasures and its prices.

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                17. We cannot live better than in seeking to become better.


                18. Prefer knowledge to wealth, for the one is transitory, the other perpetual.


                19. Death may be the greatest of all human blessings.


                20. Those who are hardest to love, need it the most.


                21. The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the old, but on building the new.


                  22. The secret of happiness, you see, is not found in seeking more, but in developing the capacity to enjoy less.


                    23. I know you won’t believe me, but the highest form of human excellence is to question oneself and others.

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                    24. Understanding a question is half an answer.


                    25. Life is full of questions. Idiots are full of answers.


                      26. Employ your time in improving yourself by other men’s writings, so that you shall gain easily what others have labored hard for.


                      27. I cannot teach anyone anything, I can only make them think.


                        28. The unexamined life is not worth living.


                        29. To move the world we must move ourselves.


                        And last, but not the least,

                        30. Know thyself.


                        Featured photo credit: JR Benjamin via jrbenjamin.com

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                        Last Updated on June 24, 2019

                        Why Social Media Might Be Causing Depression

                        Why Social Media Might Be Causing Depression

                        A study [1] published in Depression and Anxiety found that social media users are more likely to be depressed. This was just one of the huge number of studies linking social media and depression[2] . But why exactly do platforms like Facebook and Instagram make people so unhappy? Well, we don’t know yet for sure, but there are some explanations.

                        Social Media Could Lead to Depression

                        Depression is a serious medical condition that affects how you think, feel, and behave. Social media may lead to depression in predisposed individuals or make existing symptoms of depression[3] worse explains[4] the study above’s senior author Dr. Brian Primack. So, the problem may not be in social media per se, but how we use it.

                        Signs You’re Suffering From “Social Media Depression”

                        If you feel like social media is having a negative impact on your mood, then you may be suffering from “social media depression.” Look for symptoms like:

                        • low self-esteem,

                        • negative self-talk,

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                        • a low mood,

                        • irritability,

                        • a lack of interest in activities once enjoyed,

                        • and social withdrawal.

                        If you’ve had these symptoms for more than two weeks and if this is how you feel most of the time, then you are likely depressed. Although “social media depression “is not a term recognized in the medical setting, social media depression seems to be a real phenomenon affecting around 50% of social media users. As explained in a review study[5] published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, if a person has a certain predisposition to depression and other mental disorders, social media use may only worsen their mental health.

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                        Social Media Could Crush Self-Esteem

                        We know that social media and depression are in some way linked, but why is this so? Well, according to Igor Pantic, MD, Ph.D.[6], social media use skews your perception about other people’s lives and traits. To explain this further, most people like to portray an idealized image of their lives, personal traits, and appearance on sites like Facebook and Instagram. If you confuse this idealized image with reality, you may be under the false impression that everyone is better than you which can crush your self-esteem and lead to depression. This is especially true for teens and young adults who are more likely to compare themselves to others. If you already suffer from low self-esteem, the illusion that everyone has it better off than you will just make you feel worse.

                        Causing Social Isolation and Other Negative Emotions

                        Another commonly cited reason for the negative impact of social media on mental health is its link with social isolation. Depressed people are more likely to isolate themselves socially and chose only to interact indirectly through social media platforms. But communication online tends to be superficial and is lacking when compared to real-life interaction explains Panic. What this means is not that social media leads to isolation but the other way around, possibly explaining why we find so many depressed persons on these sites.

                        Lastly, social media use may generate negative emotions in you like envy, jealousy, dislike, loneliness, and many others and this may worsen your depressive symptoms.

                        Why We Need to Take This Seriously

                        Both depression and social media use are on the rise according to epidemiological studies. Since each one has an impact on the other, we have to start thinking of healthier ways to use social media. Teens and young adults are especially vulnerable to the negative impact of social media on mental health.

                        Advice on Social Media Use

                        Although these findings did not provide any cause-effect explanation regarding Facebook and depression[7], they still do prove that social media use may not be a good way to handle depression. For this reason, the leading authors of these studies gave some suggestions as to how clinicians and people can make use of such findings.

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                        One suggestion is that clinicians should ask patients about their social media habits. Then they can advise them on how to change their outlook on social media use or even suggest limiting their time spent on social media.

                        Some social media users may also exhibit addictive behavior; they may spend too much time due to compulsive urges. Any compulsive behavior is bound to lead to feelings of guilt which can worsen depressive symptoms.

                        Having Unhealthy Relationship with Social Media

                        If you feel like your relationship with social media is unhealthy, then consider the advice on healthy social media use provided by psychology experts from Links Psychology[8]:

                        Avoid negative social comparison – always keep in mind that how people portray themselves and their lives on social media is not a realistic picture, but rather an idealized one. Also, avoid comparing yourself to others because this behavior can lead to negative self-talk.

                        Remember that social media is not a replacement for real life – Social media is great for staying in touch and having fun, but it should never replace real-world interactions.

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                        Avoid releasing personal information – For your safety and privacy, make sure to be careful with what you post online.

                        Report users who bully and harass you – It’s easy to be a bully in the anonymous and distant world of social media. Don’t take such offense personally and report those who abuse social media to harass others.

                        The bits of advice listed above can help you establish a healthy relationship with social media. Always keep these things in mind to avoid losing an objective perspective of what social media is and how it is different from real life. If you are currently suffering from depression, talk to your doctor about what is bothering you so that you can get the treatment you need to get better. Tell your doctor about your social media use and see if they could give you some advice on this topic.

                        Reference

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