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Social Scientists Find That Introverts See The World More Accurately Than Extroverts

Social Scientists Find That Introverts See The World More Accurately Than Extroverts

No one can deny that introverts and extroverts are two very different types of people. Extroverts are favored in today’s society. Many people think that extroversion is normal, while introversion is abnormal. Introverts are typically ridiculed and often misunderstood by extroverts.

Introverts make up a third to half of the U.S. population, and personality tests, like Myers-Briggs, have shone light upon several personality types, including various forms of introversion.

Susan Cain, TED talk speaker and author of The New York Times bestseller, Quiet, has grown global awareness about the issues faced by introverts, and has discussed the reasons why they are often misunderstood. Moreover, a new study has found that introverts have a more accurate perception of the social world than extroverts do. This study is strongly based on the friendship paradox.

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What Is The Friendship Paradox?

In 1991, SUNY’s Scott Feld observed a phenomenon that led him to the theory that most people have fewer friends than their friends have on average. The sociologist explained that due to this, it makes sense that people might interpret themselves as being inadequate in some way for seeming to have fewer friends than those around them; however, it is actually the norm for people to have friends who have more friends than them on average.

The Dartmouth Study

Two Dartmouth researchers, Daniel Feiler and Adam Kleinbaum, studied the interaction of two key factors among a group of 284 MBA students: extroversion and homophily. Homophily is the notion that people with similar levels of introversion or extroversion are more likely to be friends with people of the same group.

Their findings were quite predictable. Since extroverted people are likely to connect with other extroverts, their social networks often contain an overwhelming majority of extroverts. The same is true for introverts.

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The data also showed that extroverts believed that others were more extroverted than them- this being a trick of perception due to the way that social networks form.

“If you’re more extroverted, you might really have a skewed view of how extroverted other people are in general,” Feiler says. “If you’re very introverted, you might actually have a pretty accurate idea.”

Introverts are likely to have networks that represent a fuller demographic of a society. Introverts utilize their reserved nature to enhance their ability to observe, analyze, and understand society.

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Why Introverts’ Social Skills May Benefit Their Relationships, Self-Esteem, And Job Performance

Contrary to popular belief, introverts are not bad communicators. They just prefer to be among a small group of people rather than a large group. They value the quality of relationships over the quantity.

Would it surprise you to know that introverts are actually better managers than extroverts?

It has been scientifically shown that introverts are not just better managers of time, but also can be better managers in their approach to business.

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Wharton research professor, Adam Grant, examined the profits of different pizza franchises along with their different management styles. He found that proactive employees performed better under an introverted manager than an extroverted manager. Grant explained this result by noting that: “introverted leaders are more likely to listen carefully to suggestions and support employees’ efforts to be proactive.”

In The End

While many people still consider extroversion to be the norm, and perceive introverts as not fitting in as well socially, these cultural preferences do not necessarily reflect reality- or the capabilities that introverts possess. While introverts may be positioned as underdogs in society, as research has demonstrated, they have a lot to contribute to the world around them. In summary, introverts seem to actually perceive their social world more accurately than extroverts do, as demonstrated by the study by Daniel Feiler and Adam Kleinbaum.

Featured photo credit: Sodanie Chea via flickr.com

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Kallen Diggs

Bestselling Author / Magazine Editor / Syndicated Radio Show Host

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Last Updated on September 17, 2019

10 Simple Ways To Always Think Positive Thoughts

10 Simple Ways To Always Think Positive Thoughts

Positive thinking can lead to a lot of positive change in your life. Developing an optimistic outlook can be good for both your physical and mental health.

But sometimes, certain situations arise in life that makes it hard to keep a positive outlook. Take steps to make positive thinking become more like your second nature and you’ll reap the biggest benefits.

Here are 10 ways to make thinking positive thoughts easy:

1. Spend Time with Positive People

If you surround yourself with constant complainers, their negativity is likely to rub off on you.

Spend time with positive friends and family members to increase the likelihood that their positive thinking habits will become yours too. It’s hard to be negative when everyone around you is so positive.

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2. Take Responsibility for Your Behavior

When you encounter problems and difficulties in life, don’t play the role of the victim. Acknowledge your role in the situation and take responsibility for your behavior.

Accepting responsibility can help you learn from mistakes and prevent you from blaming others unfairly.

3. Contribute to the Community

One of the best ways to feel good about what you have, is to focus on what you have to give.

Volunteer in some manner and give back to the community. Helping others can give you a new outlook on the world and can assist you with positive thinking.

4. Read Positive and Inspirational Materials

Spend time each day reading something that encourages positive thinking. Read the Bible, spiritual material, or inspirational quotes to help you focus on what’s important to you in life. It can be a great way to start and end your day.

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Some recommendations for you:

5. Recognize and Replace Negative Thoughts

You won’t be successful at positive thinking if you’re still plagued by frequent negative thoughts. Learn to recognize and replace thoughts that are overly negative. Often, thoughts that include words like “always” and “never” signal that they aren’t true.

If you find yourself thinking something such as, “I always mess everything up,” replace it with something more realistic such as, “Sometimes I make mistakes but I learn from them.”

There’s no need to make your thoughts unrealistically positive, but instead, make them more realistic.

6. Establish and Work Toward Goals

It’s easier to be positive about problems and setbacks when you have goals that you’re working toward. Goals will give you motivation to overcome those obstacles when you encounter problems along the way. Without clear goals, it’s harder to make decisions and gauge your progress.

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Learn to set SMART goals to help you achieve more.

7. Consider the Consequences of Negativity

Spend some time thinking about the consequences of negative thinking. Often, it can become a self-fulfilling prophecy.

For example, a person who thinks, “I probably won’t get this job interview,” may put less effort into the interview. As a result, he may decrease his chances of getting the job.

Create a list of all the ways negative thinking impacts your life. It likely influences your behavior, your relationships, and your feelings. Then, create a list of the ways in which positive thinking could be beneficial.

8. Offer Compliments to Others

Look for reasons to compliment others. Be genuine in your praise and compliments, but offer it frequently. This will help you look for the good in other people.

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9. Create a Daily Gratitude List

If you start keeping a daily gratitude list, you’ll start noticing exactly how much you have to be thankful for. This can help you focus on the positive in your life instead of thinking about all the bad things that have happened in the day.

Getting in the habit of showing an attitude of gratitude makes positive thinking more of a habit. Here’re 40 Simple Ways To Practice Gratitude.

10. Practice Self-Care

Take good care of yourself and you’ll be more equipped to think positively.

Get plenty of rest and exercise and practice managing your stress well. Taking care of your physical and mental health will provide you with more energy to focus on positive thinking.

Learn about these 30 Self-Care Habits for a Strong and Healthy Mind, Body and Spirit.

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Featured photo credit: DESIGNECOLOGIST via unsplash.com

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