Should We Adopt France's New "Unplug After 6 p.m." Law?
How often do you check your work email?
If you’re like me–and a lot of people these days–the answer is too often.
I confess that I check my work email after hours and on the weekend. If I see something coming in that I can respond to at the moment, I do. So even if I’m “relaxing,” I am working. My mind is always at least half-plugged into my job.
That’s why the news coming out of France is an interesting topic of discussion. While the initial headline (“France Outlaws Work Email After 6 p.m.”) is not quite true, it is still a bold statement in favor of unplugging and work/life balance.
Should we, in the U.S., follow suit and unplug after the workday is over? Can, and should, we limit the hours we spend working, either at the office or while thumbing through our inbox while waiting at the post office?
Working smarter, not harder
One of the popular reactions to France’s move was a figurative roll of the eyes. Some folks were not surprised France did this. As the stereotype goes, French workers spend most of their time sipping wine and eating baguettes. That’s why their productivity, at the individual level as well as a country, is so far below America’s. Right?
Let’s look at the facts. The graph below (from Business Insider) shows the average number of work hours per year for a full-time employee in the U.S. (blue), France (red), and Germany (green). Germany is in there because it’s one of the United States’ fiercest competitor in the race for most productive industrial country in the world.
As you can see, the United States is currently leading the pack with the average American worker spending over 1,700 hours at work a year. Meanwhile, French workers spend around 1,450, and the German worker spends slightly over 1,400 hours at work a year.
Notice how the American domination of the “Burning the Midnight Oil” race (they get medals and everything) is recent. A few decades ago, the French were putting in many more hours than their American counterparts, but that has changed with stricter labor laws.
This graph is definitive proof that all those extra hours are making the American economy the burliest in the land by leaps and bounds, right?
Cool your jets, engine. Not quite.
Look at the GDP per Capita (productivity or output per worker) for the same three countries over the last thirty years.
GDP per Capita in 1980
France: $12, 214
GDP per Capita in 1990
GDP per Capita in 2011
France: $42, 379
While Americans spend nearly 20% more of their time at work than the Germans and French, they only have an 8.5% edge over them in productivity.
There are a variety of reasons for this: how specialized the work in each country is, the average level of education, etc. But one thing is clear: an increase of work hours does not increase productivity on an arithmetic, much less exponential, scale. There is a simple reason why: we are talking about human beings.
Unlike machines or software, we can’t go on and on without suffering from fatigue or wear. We add stress to our bodies and minds throughout the day. This is called the allostatic load.
Being plugged in to work (via emails, calls, or having it on your mind) is wear and tear on your entire self. After a certain point, it starts to affect your productivity. Each extra hour at work has diminishing returns. Fatigue, lack of concentration, and loss of functional memory set in.
Ironically, not working is one of the most important secrets to doing great work.
Research shows that taking an email vacation can significantly reduce your stress and increase your concentration.
“We found that when you remove email from workers’ lives, they multitask less and experience less stress.”
Taking a work email vacation lets your internal microprocessor cool down. You’re turning off the hum from the part of your brain still thinking about deadlines and memos. Do this, and the next time you re-engage with work, you’ll be fresh and focused, ready to do great work.
Every time you work into the wee hours of the night, sending emails or finishing a project, you are risking doing poor work. Your body and mind are tired, so mistakes are likelier to happen. If you want to do work you’ll be proud of, you have to find ways of working smarter, not harder.
Warning: cliff ahead
Our brains are amazing. They can calculate, visualize, and operate with tremendous power. But they have limits. These limits don’t just affect your productivity, but your health.
Quite literally, working long hours can kill you.
A study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology combined numerous studies, and found a simple, irrefutable truth:
“Spending too long in the office resulted in a 40 to 80 percent greater chance of heart disease compared to an eight hour work day.”
“Doing more than 11 hours of work a day raised heart disease risks by 67 percent.”
Another study review listed all of the proven links between working long hours and your health:
“[It] shows that long work hours are indeed associated with adverse health, in particular cardiovascular disease, disability retirement, subjectively measured poor health, and fatigue.”
“The most interesting studies show that working more than 11 hours a day is associated with a three times higher risk of myocardial infarction and about a four times higher risk of noninsulin-dependent diabetes”
This is no longer just an issue of whether you want to do great work, but whether you want to do this to your health?
The move made in France is bold. It’s potentially revolutionary, and may, hopefully, set the tone for other countries. But it makes you wonder why it had to get to that point. Why did we need something official to limit us to the 40-hour work week when these nasty facts linking productivity and health have been confirmed time and again for decades?
Maybe it’s custom, or maybe it’s naivete. Whatever it is, there’s no good excuse to ignore it anymore. Ask yourself this question: do you want to do very good work for a long time? If you said yes, then give yourself a break and step away from the smartphone.
How do you achieve work life balance? Tell me in the comments below.
Featured photo credit: Chris Chanvia flickr.com
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